Legal regulations and traveller & migrant protection

State, private and civil society actors in migration infrastructures and their respective activities, programmes and services are regulated by either international or national law. This encompasses the conditions under which these actors operate, the services they are allowed to provide and the controls they have to conduct. Legal regulations also define the rights of the customers, i.e. travellers and migrants. Two relatively well-known regulations in the field of the aviation industry are advance passenger information schemes, and carrier sanctions. Advance passenger information schemes allow border control agencies to review passenger information prior to their boarding for commercial flights. Carrier sanctions are penalties given to transport companies in case of carrying improperly documented passengers which leads to a de facto prohibition for asylum seekers to travel to a safe country by airplane.

Showing page of 177 results, sorted by

Identifying Victims of Human Trafficking at Hotspots by Focusing on People Smuggled to Europe

Authors Matilde Ventrella
Year 2017
Journal Name SOCIAL INCLUSION
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1 Journal Article

Identifying Victims of Human Trafficking at Hotspots by Focusing on People Smuggled to Europe

Authors Matilde Ventrella
Year 2017
Journal Name SOCIAL INCLUSION
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2 Journal Article

Protection of Migrants' Human Rights: Principles and Practice

Authors Heikki S. Mattila
Year 2001
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
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3 Journal Article

Smuggled and Trafficked Unaccompanied Minors: Towards a Coherent, Protection-Based Approach in International Law

Authors Joseph Lelliott
Year 2017
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF REFUGEE LAW
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4 Journal Article

The Legal Framework of Trafficking and Smuggling in Germany: Victim Protection Emerging from Witness Protection?

Authors Katja S. Ziegler
Year 2018
Book Title Immigration and Criminal Law in the European Union
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5 Book Chapter

New Approaches to Asylum?

Authors Khalid Koser
Year 2001
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
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6 Journal Article

Migration Control a la Khartoum: EU External Engagement and Human Rights Protection in the Horn of Africa

Authors Lutz Oette, Mohamed Abdelsalam Babiker
Year 2017
Journal Name REFUGEE SURVEY QUARTERLY
Citations (WoS) 1
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7 Journal Article

Migration Control a la Khartoum: EU External Engagement and Human Rights Protection in the Horn of Africa

Authors Lutz Oette, Mohamed Abdelsalam Babiker
Year 2017
Journal Name REFUGEE SURVEY QUARTERLY
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8 Journal Article

Carrier Sanctions in Europe: A Comparison of Trends in 10 Countries

Authors Theodore Baird
Year 2017
Journal Name EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF MIGRATION AND LAW
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9 Journal Article

Carrier Sanctions in Europe: A Comparison of Trends in 10 Countries

Authors Theodore Baird
Year 2017
Journal Name EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF MIGRATION AND LAW
Citations (WoS) 1
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10 Journal Article

A Review of Human Trafficking Issues in Malaysia and Nigeria

Authors Sani Ibrahim, Zatul Himmah Adnan, Adlina Ab Halim
Year 2019
Journal Name PERTANIKA JOURNAL OF SOCIAL SCIENCE AND HUMANITIES
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11 Journal Article

On the Way to a Better Future: Belgium as Transit Country for Trafficking and Smuggling of Unaccompanied Minors1

Authors Ilse Derluyn, Eric Broekaert
Year 2005
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
Citations (WoS) 23
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12 Journal Article

Protection of European seas and borders through the intelligent use of surveillance

Year 2011
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Abstract
PERSEUS contributes to Europe’s efforts to monitor illegal migration and combat related crime and goods smuggling by proposing a large scale demonstration of a EU Maritime surveillance System of Systems, on the basis of existing national systems and platforms, enhancing them with innovative capabilities and moving beyond EUROSUR’s 2013 expectations, addressing key challenges:  supporting the network created by National Contact Centres, Frontex and EMSA through increased capabilities, including transnational exchange of useful and available information, and associated procedures and mechanisms, thereby supporting the creation of a common information sharing environment  generation of a common situational picture  improved detection and identification of non collaborative/suspicious small boats and low flying aircraft  enhanced and increasingly automated detection of abnormal vessel behaviours, identification of threats and tracking of reporting and non-reporting vessels PERSEUS articulates this demonstration through 5 exercises grouped in 2 campaigns, implementing missions of drug trafficking and illegal migration control and delivering surveillance continuity from coastal areas to high seas. PERSEUS delivers a comprehensive set of validated and demonstrated recommendations and proposes standards. PERSEUS has assembled major users and providers, ensuring privileged access to existing surveillance systems and assets for an optimised coverage of the area of interest. These users will define, assess and validate the alignment of PERSEUS’s recommendations to their needs. PERSEUS also includes an evolution mechanism to enlarge the user base and integrate emerging technologies during its lifetime. PERSEUS will augment the effectiveness of operational capabilities of the existing systems – a relevant and coordinated contribution to the establishment of an integrated European-wide maritime border control system
13 Project

Crouching Fox, Hidden Eagle: Drug trafficking and transnational security - A perspective from the Tijuana-San Diego border

Authors R Willoughby
Year 2003
Journal Name CRIME LAW AND SOCIAL CHANGE
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14 Journal Article

Anti-Trafficking (ILL-)Efforts: The Legal Regulation of Women's Bodies and Relationships in Cambodia

Authors Clara Bradley, Natalia Szablewska
Year 2016
Journal Name SOCIAL & LEGAL STUDIES
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15 Journal Article

Examining hidden coercion at state borders: why carrier sanctions cannot be justified

Authors Tendayi Bloom, Verena Risse
Year 2014
Journal Name ETHICS & GLOBAL POLITICS
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16 Journal Article

French Criminal and Administrative Law Concerning Smuggling of Migrants and Trafficking in Human Beings: Punishing Trafficked People for Their Protection?

Authors Johanne Vernier
Year 2018
Book Title Immigration and Criminal Law in the European Union
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17 Book Chapter

The Santa Monica prison and illegal cocaine: a mutual relationship

Authors Stephanie Campos
Year 2016
Journal Name CRIME LAW AND SOCIAL CHANGE
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18 Journal Article

Regulating Immigration Control: Carrier Sanctions in the Netherlands

Authors Sophie Scholten, Paul Minderhoud
Year 2008
Journal Name EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF MIGRATION AND LAW
Citations (WoS) 19
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20 Journal Article

Regulating Immigration Control: Carrier Sanctions in the Netherlands

Authors Sophie Scholten, Paul Minderhoud
Year 2008
Journal Name EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF MIGRATION AND LAW
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21 Journal Article

Immigration and Criminal Law in the European Union

Authors Paul Minderhoud, Elspeth Guild
Year 2018
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22 Book

The Trafficking of Migrant Workers: What are the Links Between Labour Trafficking and Corruption?

Authors Kathy Richards
Year 2004
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
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23 Journal Article

Valletta Summit on Migration: A Common Political Basis. Cooperation in Migration Between Africa and the European Union.

Authors International Centre for Migration Policy Development (ICMPD)
Year 2015
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24 Policy Brief

Canadian Policy on Human Trafficking: A Four-year Analysis1

Authors Jacqueline Oxman-Martinez, Jill Hanley, Fanny Gomez
Year 2005
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
Citations (WoS) 7
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25 Journal Article

Human Rights of Migrants: Challenges of the New Decade

Authors Patrick A. Taran
Year 2001
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
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26 Journal Article

Examining hidden coercion at state borders: why carrier sanctions cannot be justified

Authors T. Bloom, V. Risse
Year 2014
Journal Name Ethics & Global Politics
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27 Journal Article

RANGER: RAdars for loNG distance maritime surveillancE and SaR opeRations

Year 2016
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Abstract
EU trade, transport, tourism and economic development are directly dependent on open and safe seas and oceans. EU's maritime borders are widely spread including various topologies from open sea to semi-enclosed cabins with islands and islets. This poses great challenges that affect securing maritime border areas. Failing to protect against a wide array of maritime threats and risks may result in these areas becoming arenas for international conflicts, terrorism or organized crime, where smuggling, irregular immigration and drug trafficking are the most common ones. RANGER aims at re-enforcing EU by combining innovative Radar technologies with novel technological solutions for early warning, in view of delivering a surveillance platform offering detection, recognition, identification and tracking of suspicious vessels, capabilities exceeding current radar systems. It will be a platform, consisting of 2 radar technologies, a novel Over-The-Horizon Radar combined with a Multiple Input Multiple Output one implemented exploiting the latest photonics advancements, and an Early Warning System exploiting deep and adaptable machine learning schemes able to Automatically detect radar Targets. It safeguards seamless fitting and interoperability with CISE (enhanced maritime surveillance and cross border SaR operations), through the development of a CISE translation Gateway, exporting on-demand CISE services directly to end-users, by strengthening the information exchange between national authorities and the European Agency. RANGER leverages the experience of its consortium, a balanced blend of technology providers, domain experts and end-users, delivering a cost efficient, environmental friendly solution, abiding to regulations and legislation for the protection of human lives. Two pilot exercises are foreseen to thoroughly assess RANGER’s ability to deliver on its promises, enhancing its potential to become a flagship platform for the European Maritime Surveillance industry.
28 Project

Global traffic in illicit cultural objects: developing knowledge for improving interventions in a transnational criminal market

Year 2012
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Abstract
The research seeks to push the boundaries of our understanding of, and social and legal responses to, trafficking in illicit cultural objects. The global market in illicit cultural objects is a structure of relatively rich consumers at one end of the supply chain (collectors, dealers, museums) and relatively poor looters at the other end, in source countries characterised by high levels of the 'natural resource' of cultural objects and low levels of policing resource to devote to their protection against looting (i.e. usually illegal excavation) and other forms of theft. While there has been some research into the market, compared to other international criminal markets such as the drugs trade, very little is known about the motives and activities of participants in the international trade in illicit cultural objects, their trading norms and routines, the pricing structures and criminal mark-ups, mechanisms of smuggling used in this market in order to avoid detection at customs and by other law enforcement agencies, etc. Even such apparently simple matters as the relative size of the criminal side of the antiquities trade are not currently known. Structures of international, and domestic national, law and regulation have been established in response to the moral concern the illicit trade raises, rather than being based on an evidence-oriented investigation of the practical elements of the trade mentioned. While some of these regulatory efforts have had modest success, for the most part they have been a failure in stopping the illicit trade, which continues today. This research proposal establishes a multi-method and multi-sited programme of research which aims to gather and analyse all available evidence on the trade, produce new measures of size and illicit activity using innovative methodological approaches and new data sources, and conduct ethnographic research into the illicit trade. All these data sources will be used to devise best practice in regulation.
29 Project

Another Brick in the Wall: Carrier Sanctions and the Privatization of Immigration Control

Authors T. Rodenhauser
Year 2014
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF REFUGEE LAW
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30 Journal Article

People for Sale: The Need for a Multidisciplinary Approach towards Human Trafficking

Authors Kristof Van Impe
Year 2000
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
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31 Journal Article

Human Smuggling, National Security, and Refugee Protection

Authors A. Nadig
Year 2002
Journal Name JOURNAL OF REFUGEE STUDIES
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32 Journal Article

Biopolitical Management, Economic Calculation and “Trafficked Women”

Authors Jacqueline Berman
Year 2010
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
Citations (WoS) 17
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33 Journal Article

Refugee Protections from Below: Smuggling in the Eritrea-Ethiopia Context

Authors Tekalign Ayalew Mengiste
Year 2018
Journal Name ANNALS OF THE AMERICAN ACADEMY OF POLITICAL AND SOCIAL SCIENCE
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34 Journal Article

Protection options for trafficked persons in Canada: The need for a more coordinated approach

Authors Sasha Baglay
Year 2016
Journal Name MIGRATION STUDIES
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35 Journal Article

Voices of Nigerian Women Survivors of Trafficking Held in Italian Centres for Identification and Expulsion

Authors Francesca Esposito, Carla R. Quinto, Francesca De Masi, ...
Year 2016
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
Citations (WoS) 1
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36 Journal Article

Curbing sex trafficking in Turkey: The policy-practice divide

Authors Emel Coskun
Year 2015
Journal Name ASIAN AND PACIFIC MIGRATION JOURNAL
Citations (WoS) 2
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37 Journal Article

The Borders Beyond the Border: Australia's Extraterritorial Migration Controls

Authors Asher Lazarus Hirsch
Year 2017
Journal Name REFUGEE SURVEY QUARTERLY
Citations (WoS) 8
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38 Journal Article

'Lost in Translation': Assessment of the (Non)-Implementation of the Trafficking Directive from a Gender Perspective in Spain

Authors Gema Fernandez Rodriguez de Lievana, Viviana Waisman
Year 2017
Journal Name JOURNAL OF HUMAN RIGHTS PRACTICE
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39 Journal Article

"3P" Anti-trafficking Policy Index

Year 2000
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Abstract
The index evaluates policy efforts against human trafficking in the three prime areas of prosecution, protection and prevention (3Ps) worldwide.
40 Data Set

No "Magic Bullets': Children, Young People, Trafficking and Child Protection in the UK

Authors Patricia Hynes
Year 2015
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
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41 Journal Article

Identifying trafficked migrants and refugees along the Balkan route. Exploring the boundaries of exploitation, vulnerability and risk

Authors Anette Brunovskis, Rebecca Surtees
Year 2019
Journal Name CRIME LAW AND SOCIAL CHANGE
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42 Journal Article

Child Labor Trafficking in the United States: A Hidden Crime

Authors Katherine Kaufka Walts
Year 2017
Journal Name SOCIAL INCLUSION
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43 Journal Article

Voices of Nigerian Women Survivors of Trafficking Held in Italian Centres for Identification and Expulsion

Authors Francesca Esposito, Carla R. Quinto, Oria Gargano, ...
Year 2016
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
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44 Journal Article

Visa Requirements, Carrier Sanctions, ‘Safe Third Countries’ and ‘Readmission’: The Development of an Asylum ‘Buffer Zone’ in Europe

Authors S. Collinson
Year 1996
Journal Name Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers
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45 Journal Article

International Marriage Brokers, Cross-Border Marriages and the US Anti-Trafficking Campaign

Authors N Constable
Year 2012
Journal Name JOURNAL OF ETHNIC AND MIGRATION STUDIES
Citations (WoS) 7
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46 Journal Article

The Borders Beyond the Border: Australia's Extraterritorial Migration Controls

Authors Asher Lazarus Hirsch
Year 2017
Journal Name REFUGEE SURVEY QUARTERLY
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47 Journal Article

Anti-Sex Trafficking Institutions

Authors Michael Karlsson
Year 2013
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
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49 Journal Article

Child human trafficking victims: Challenges for the child welfare system

Authors Rowena Fong, Jodi Berger Cardoso
Year 2010
Journal Name EVALUATION AND PROGRAM PLANNING
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50 Journal Article

No "Magic Bullets': Children, Young People, Trafficking and Child Protection in the UK

Authors Patricia Hynes
Year 2015
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
Citations (WoS) 7
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51 Journal Article

GRETA-based scorecards

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Abstract
The index is based on the reports of the monitoring body of the Council of Europe Convention against Human Trafficking. GRETA stands for the Group of Experts on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings. It assesses compliance with 35 policy requirements on legal institutional framework, assistance protection, enforcement, prevention. Main focus: institutional capacity and operational performance of law enforcement. Restricted access.
52 Data Set

Mind the Protection (Policy) Gap: Trafficking and Labor Exploitation in Migrant Domestic Work in Belgium

Authors Beatriz Camargo Magalhaes
Year 2017
Journal Name JOURNAL OF IMMIGRANT & REFUGEE STUDIES
Citations (WoS) 1
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53 Journal Article

Curbing sex trafficking in Turkey: The policy-practice divide

Authors Emel Coskun
Year 2015
Journal Name ASIAN AND PACIFIC MIGRATION JOURNAL
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54 Journal Article

Mind the Protection (Policy) Gap: Trafficking and Labor Exploitation in Migrant Domestic Work in Belgium

Authors Beatriz Camargo Magalhaes
Year 2017
Journal Name JOURNAL OF IMMIGRANT & REFUGEE STUDIES
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55 Journal Article

Child Labor Trafficking in the United States: A Hidden Crime

Authors Katherine Kaufka Walts
Year 2017
Journal Name SOCIAL INCLUSION
Citations (WoS) 1
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56 Journal Article

The Thai Government’s Repatriation and Reintegration Programmes: Responding to Trafficked Female Commercial Sex Workers from the Greater Mekong Subregion

Authors Ratchada Jayagupta
Year 2009
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
Citations (WoS) 14
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57 Journal Article

Does illegality breed violence? Drug trafficking and state-sponsored protection rackets

Authors Richard Snyder, Angelica Duran-Martinez
Year 2009
Journal Name CRIME LAW AND SOCIAL CHANGE
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58 Journal Article

Anti-Sex Trafficking Institutions

Authors Michael Karlsson
Year 2013
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
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59 Journal Article

Legal Regulation of the Migration Processes in the Russian Federation

Authors Lidyia Dadunovna Burinova, Artur Mikhailovich Burinov, Elza Vladimirovna Dorzhi-Goryaeva, ...
Year 2018
Journal Name TARIH KULTUR VE SANAT ARASTIRMALARI DERGISI-JOURNAL OF HISTORY CULTURE AND ART RESEARCH
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61 Journal Article

Fleeing Cartels and Maras: International Protection Considerations and Profiles from the Northern Triangle

Authors Nicolas Rodriguez Serna
Year 2016
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF REFUGEE LAW
Citations (WoS) 1
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62 Journal Article

RESILAND: Participation, Capacities and Resilience of Children on the Move Against Trafficking and Exploitation

Year 2013
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Abstract
The RESILAND initiative aims at implementing a 24-month process to reinforce participation, capacities and resilience of Children on the Move as key dimensions for their effective protection from trafficking and exploitation. 
63 Project

Keeping Up Appearances: The British Public Policy Response to the Trafficking of Domestic Workers in a Changing Regime of Social Protection

Authors Thanos Maroukis
Year 2017
Journal Name JOURNAL OF IMMIGRANT & REFUGEE STUDIES
Citations (WoS) 2
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64 Journal Article

Queering the Support for Trafficked Persons: LGBTQ Communities and Human Trafficking in the Heartland

Authors Corinne Schwarz, Hannah E. Britton
Year 2015
Journal Name SOCIAL INCLUSION
Citations (WoS) 6
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65 Journal Article

Human trafficking and health: A conceptual model to inform policy, intervention and research

Authors Cathy Zimmerman, Charlotte Watts, Mazeda Hossain
Year 2011
Journal Name SOCIAL SCIENCE & MEDICINE
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66 Journal Article

Legal Regulation of International Contradictions in the Modern International Migration Processes

Authors Danil Veycheslavovich Rybin, Yury Vladimirovich Mishalchenko, Anastasia Viktorovna Polunina, ...
Year 2019
Journal Name TARIH KULTUR VE SANAT ARASTIRMALARI DERGISI-JOURNAL OF HISTORY CULTURE AND ART RESEARCH
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67 Journal Article

Keeping Up Appearances: The British Public Policy Response to the Trafficking of Domestic Workers in a Changing Regime of Social Protection

Authors Thanos Maroukis
Year 2017
Journal Name JOURNAL OF IMMIGRANT & REFUGEE STUDIES
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68 Journal Article

Queering the Support for Trafficked Persons: LGBTQ Communities and Human Trafficking in the Heartland

Authors Corinne Schwarz, Hannah E. Britton
Year 2015
Journal Name SOCIAL INCLUSION
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69 Journal Article

The Determinants of Human Trafficking: A US Case Study

Authors Alicja Jac-Kucharski
Year 2012
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
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70 Journal Article

INTEGRATION EXAMINATION FOR MIGRANTS IN RUSSIA: LEGAL REGULATION AND METHODICAL PROVISION

Authors Angela Viktorovna Dolzhikova, Ekaterina Viacheslavovna Kiseleva
Year 2015
Journal Name ANNALES-ANALI ZA ISTRSKE IN MEDITERANSKE STUDIJE-SERIES HISTORIA ET SOCIOLOGIA
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71 Journal Article

Law as an Agent of Social Transformation: Trends in the Legal Regulation of Migration

Authors IMPALA Consortium, Mary Crock
Book Title Social Transformation and Migration
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72 Book Chapter

Prevent, Protect, and Prosecute Human Trafficking in Mexico: Policy and Practical Recommendations

Authors Victoria Rietig
Year 2015
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
Citations (WoS) 1
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73 Journal Article

An exploratory study of child commercial sexual exploitation in the hospitality industry in the United States

Authors Valentini Kalargyrou, Robert Woods
Year 2015
Journal Name HOSPITALITY & SOCIETY
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74 Journal Article

Out of West Africa: Human Smuggling as a Social Enterprise

Authors Stephanie Maher
Year 2018
Journal Name ANNALS OF THE AMERICAN ACADEMY OF POLITICAL AND SOCIAL SCIENCE
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75 Journal Article

Development of the Concept Human Security in the Southern Border Provinces of Thailand

Authors S. Thampitug
Year 2018
Journal Name PERTANIKA JOURNAL OF SOCIAL SCIENCE AND HUMANITIES
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76 Journal Article

The Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000: Three Years Later

Authors Claire Bishop
Year 2003
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
Citations (WoS) 4
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77 Journal Article

Discursive Paradigm Surrounding the "Trafficking Victim". Social Work with Dominican Women in Puerto Rico

Authors Ana Alcazar-Campos, Amalia L. Cabezas
Year 2017
Journal Name REVISTA DE DIALECTOLOGIA Y TRADICIONES POPULARES
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78 Journal Article

Prevent, Protect, and Prosecute Human Trafficking in Mexico: Policy and Practical Recommendations

Authors Victoria Rietig
Year 2015
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
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79 Journal Article

Anti-immigration sentiment and public opinion on human trafficking

Authors Ieke de Vries, Amy Farrell, Connor Nickerson, ...
Year 2019
Journal Name CRIME LAW AND SOCIAL CHANGE
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80 Journal Article

A political approach on Pablo Escobar

Authors Gustavo Duncan
Year 2013
Journal Name CO-HERENCIA
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81 Journal Article

Where's the Harm in That? Immigration Enforcement, Trafficking, and the Protection of Migrants' Rights

Authors Bridget Anderson
Year 2012
Journal Name AMERICAN BEHAVIORAL SCIENTIST
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83 Journal Article

Reintegration as an Emerging Vision of Justice for Victims of Human Trafficking

Authors Luke S. Bearup
Year 2016
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
Citations (WoS) 2
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84 Journal Article

Conflicts of Mobility: Migration, Labour and European Citizenship

Authors Rutvica Andrijasevic
Book Title Migration, Agency and Citizenship in Sex Trafficking
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85 Book Chapter

Determinants of International Migration: A Theoretical and Empirical Assessment of Policy, Origin and Destination Effects (DEMIG - POLICY)

Year 2013
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Abstract
DEMIG POLICY tracks more than 6,500 migration policy changes enacted by 45 countries around the world mostly in the 1945-2013 period. The policy measures are coded according to the policy area and migrant group targeted, as well as the change in restrictiveness they introduce in the existing legal system. The database allows for both quantitative and qualitative research on the long-term evolution and effectiveness of migration policies. DEMIG POLICY was compiled between 2010 and 2014 as part of the DEMIG project (Determinants of International Migration: A Theoretical and Empirical Assessment of Policy, Origin and Destination Effects). It tracks 6,500 migration policy changes (both immigration and emigration) in 45 countries, most of them enacted in the 1945-2013 period. DEMIG POLICY assesses for each policy measure whether it represents a change towards more restrictiveness (coded +1) or less restrictiveness (coded -1) within the existing legal system. Besides this main assessment of change in restrictiveness, every policy change is also coded according to the policy area (border control, legal entry, integration, exit), policy tool (recruitment agreements, work permit, expulsion, quota, regularization, resettlement, carrier sanctions, etc.), migrant group (low- and high-skilled workers, family members, refugees, irregular migrants, students etc.) and migrant origin (all foreign nationalities, EU citizens, specific nationalities etc.) targeted. The database has been compiled by the DEMIG team, in particular by Katharina Natter, Simona Vezzoli and Hein de Haas, and reviewed by national migration policy experts.
86 Data Set

Methodological and Ethical Dilemmas in Research Among Smuggled Migrants

Authors Veronika Bilger, Ilse van Liempt
Book Title Qualitative Research in European Migration Studies
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87 Book Chapter

Reintegration as an Emerging Vision of Justice for Victims of Human Trafficking

Authors Luke S. Bearup
Year 2016
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
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88 Journal Article

From Aliens to Citizens

Year 2015
Book Title Handbook of the Economics of International Migration
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89 Book Chapter

Human trafficking in Mexico and neighbouring countries a review of protection approaches

Authors Lara Talsma, UNHCR. Policy Development and Evaluation Service
Year 2012
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90 Report

State policies and institutional procedures and practices addressing prostitution and sex trafficking of children in Hungary

Authors Zsuzsanna Vidra, Viktoria Sebhelyi, Noemi Katona
Year 2018
Journal Name CRITICAL SOCIAL POLICY
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92 Journal Article

Sex Work Realities Versus Government Policies: Meanings of Anti-trafficking Initiatives for Sex Workers in the Netherlands

Authors Maite Verhoeven
Year 2017
Journal Name SEXUALITY RESEARCH AND SOCIAL POLICY
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93 Journal Article

Ethical and Legal Considerations for Crafting Rigorous Online Sex Trafficking Research Methodology

Authors Jesse Bach, Jennifer Dohy
Year 2015
Journal Name SEXUALITY RESEARCH AND SOCIAL POLICY
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94 Journal Article

Trafficking for sexual exploitation victim protection in international and domestic asylum law

Authors Tyler Marie Christensen, UNHCR. Policy Development and Evaluation Service
Year 2011
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95 Report

Political protection and the origins of the Gulf Cartel

Authors Carlos Antonio Flores Perez
Year 2014
Journal Name CRIME LAW AND SOCIAL CHANGE
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96 Journal Article

Two Cheers for the Trafficking Protocol

Authors Anne T. Gallagher
Year 2015
Journal Name Anti-Trafficking Review
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97 Journal Article

State policies and institutional procedures and practices addressing prostitution and sex trafficking of children in Hungary

Authors Zsuzsanna Vidra, Noemi Katona, Viktoria Sebhelyi
Year 2018
Journal Name CRITICAL SOCIAL POLICY
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98 Journal Article

What are the protection concerns for migrants and refugees in Libya?

Authors Claire Healy, Roberto Forin
Year 2017
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99 Policy Brief

Advanced Low Flying Aircrafts Detection and Tracking

Year 2017
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Abstract
The last decades witnessed the ever growing effectiveness of Europe-subsidized border protection projects like SIVE and SIVICC. As maritime smuggling from Morocco towards the European borders of Portugal and Spain was combatted more effectively, the criminal modus operandi changed drastically, approaching air routes with cheap and small planes. New drone technology opens opportunity to both manned and unmanned airborne drug transports. Launched from any location and moving at low altitude and speed to mask their presence with the present clutter environment, drones can autonomously reach any landing site under nearly all circumstances. The ALFA system bridges this detection capability gap by drastically improving the situational awareness through the detection of LSS (Low, Small and Slow) manned and unmanned aircraft. ALFA is future-ready as technologies for drone detection will be a part of the system, which will use heterogeneous, easy-to-deploy mobile sensors based on several novel technologies. All sensor data, augmented by other existing sources of information, will be combined using evolved data fusion, providing accurate positional data for targets including eventual indication of the air vehicle type and reliable prediction of its landing site. This information will be communicated to the regional law enforcement units using a secure communication link and mobile device application, drastically improving the reaction time. Final ALFA capabilities will be demonstrated in a realistic operational context using relevant targets and in close cooperation with two principal end users taking part in the consortium. With their active participation, the ALFA system will make a significant contribution to the development of EUROSUR (in particular, cooperating with SIVE and SIVICC) and be suitable for a range of other missions and scenarios such as homeland and event protection and the protection of critical infrastructure.
100 Project
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