Tunisia

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Tunisia and Its Diaspora: Between Protection and Control

Authors Stéphanie Pouessel
Book Title Emigration and Diaspora Policies in the Age of Mobility
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1 Book Chapter

Channelled Policy Transfers: EU-Tunisia Interactions on Migration Matters

Authors Jean-Pierre Cassarino
Year 2014
Journal Name European Journal of Migration and Law
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2 Journal Article

Reappraising the link between return migration and entrepreneurship in the light of the Tunisian example

Authors Jean-Pierre Cassarino
Year 2015
Journal Name Méditerranée
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3 Journal Article

Channelled Policy Transfers: EU-Tunisia Interactions on Migration Matters

Authors Jean-Pierre Cassarino
Year 2014
Journal Name EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF MIGRATION AND LAW
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4 Journal Article

Channelled Policy Transfers: EU-Tunisia Interactions on Migration Matters

Authors Jean-Pierre Cassarino
Year 2014
Journal Name EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF MIGRATION AND LAW
Citations (WoS) 7
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5 Journal Article

Channelled Policy Transfers: EU-Tunisia Interactions on Migration Matters

Authors Jean-Pierre Cassarino
Year 2014
Journal Name European Journal of Migration and Law
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6 Journal Article

Tunisian New Entrepreneurs and Their Past Experiences of Migration in Europe: Resource Mobilisation, Networks and Hidden Disaffection

Authors Jean-Pierre Cassarino
Year 2000
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7 Book

Multiple identities in francophone writing of the Italians of Tunisia : the mission of the writer in the work of Cesare Luccio (1906-1980)

Authors Alessio Loreti
Year 2015
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF FRANCOPHONE STUDIES
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8 Journal Article

Migrant Smuggling from Africa to Spain, Italy and Malta: A Comparative Overview

Authors Thanos Maroukis, Anna Triandafyllidou
Book Title Migrant Smuggling
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9 Book Chapter

Deciphering the Relationship Between Internal Migration and Regional Disparities in Tunisia

Authors Mohamed Amara, Hatem Jemmali
Year 2018
Journal Name SOCIAL INDICATORS RESEARCH
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10 Journal Article

MIgration de REtour au Maghreb (MIREM)

Year 2006
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Abstract
MIREM stands for MIgration de REtour au Maghreb. This collective research programme was launched in December 2005 and ended in December 2008. Today, MIREM and its deliverables (publications, statistics and field surveys on return migrants, conferences and seminars) are part of the RDP. Focusing on returnees’ aspirations, the core deliverable of the MIREM project is a comprehensive comparative database based on 992 interviews made with return migrants to Algeria, Morocco and Tunisia. As the collected data were gradually processed and analysed, it became clear that the distinction between migrants who decided on their own initiative to return to their country of origin and those who were compelled to do so constituted one key variable explaining returnees’ prospects of socio-professional reintegration back home. The main objective of the MIREM project lies in taking into better consideration the challenges linked to return migration as well as its impact on development. A whole set of analytical tools have been produced to shed light on the sociodemographic characteristics, conditions and patterns of reintegration of return migrants to the Maghreb countries (Algeria, Morocco, and Tunisia). The project collected both quantitative and qualitative data in selected countries or regions.
11 Data Set

Tunisia's Role in the EU External Migration Policy: Crimmigration Law, Illegal Practices, and Their Impact on Human Rights

Authors Vasja Badalic
Year 2019
Journal Name JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION AND INTEGRATION
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12 Journal Article

New Actors and New Understandings in European Union External Migration Governance? The Case of EU-Tunisian Migration Relations

Authors Luca Lixi, Andrew Geddes
Year 2018
Book Title EU External Migration Policies in an Era of Global Mobilities: Intersecting Policy Universes
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13 Book Chapter

Education Mismatch and Return Migration in Egypt and Tunisia

Year 2017
Journal Name Espace populations sociétés
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14 Journal Article

STRUCTURAL EQUATIONS MODEL OF MIGRATION IN TUNISIA

Authors MJ HAY
Year 1980
Journal Name ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT AND CULTURAL CHANGE
Citations (WoS) 13
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15 Journal Article

The Political Culture of the ‘Beurs’

Authors Rémy Leveau
Book Title Islam in Europe
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16 Book Chapter

'People not of our concern': Rejected refugees in Tunisia

Authors Martina Tazzioli
Year 2014
Journal Name RADICAL PHILOSOPHY
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18 Journal Article

Tunisia's Role in the EU External Migration Policy: Crimmigration Law, Illegal Practices, and Their Impact on Human Rights

Authors Vasja Badalic
Year 2019
Journal Name JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION AND INTEGRATION
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19 Journal Article

El Harka: Perceptions of the Migration-Development Nexus in Post-Revolution Tunis

Authors Jonathan Harris
Year 2015
Journal Name POPULATION SPACE AND PLACE
Citations (WoS) 2
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20 Journal Article

Transit in the Maghreb: Sub-Saharans and el-harga

Authors Aspasia Papadopoulou-Kourkoula
Book Title Transit Migration
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21 Book Chapter

The new legitimation crises of Arab states and Turkey

Authors Seyla Benhabib
Year 2014
Journal Name PHILOSOPHY & SOCIAL CRITICISM
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22 Journal Article

Normative Interaction and Law-Making: Regulating Migration in the Maghreb

Year 2013
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Abstract
This project explores law-making in the domain of migration in the Maghreb as a result of interaction between diverse exogenous and endogenous normative factors. It builds and tests an innovative approach to reforms undertaken since 2003 in three countries, namely Tunisia, Morocco and Mauritania, to improve the knowledge and understanding of legal development in the Maghreb. It unfolds the plurality of interactions that result in the law being reformed in these countries and the country-specificity of law-making in a field where law is being globalised. Drawing on comparative law, international law, sociology of law, human geography and political science, the project examines how recent regulations affecting migration (entry and stay in a territory, exit from the territory, citizenship and asylum) have been thought, elaborated and adopted in each of the three Maghreb countries covered by the project. It therefore goes into the details and mechanisms of law-making and leads to designing a comparative model of normative interactions in national law-making. This project provides an unprecedented analysis of legal development in the Maghreb and a valuable contribution to the understanding of normative interactions in the field of migration. Innovative from theoretical, empirical and methodological perspectives, it develops a coherent analytical framework of law-making, aimed to be replicable across policy and geographical areas. It is hosted in a research centre at Aix-Marseille University, France, which combines excellence in legal research and a unique multidisciplinary academic pool rooted in the Mediterranean. It resorts to field research in Morocco, Tunisia and Mauritania and a network of partners in these countries to benefit from local input and favour knowledge-sharing. This project provides supportive policy tools to strengthen the external dimension of EU’s immigration and asylum policy and a renewed partnership between the EU and its Southern Neighbourhood.
23 Project

The Impact of Entrepreneurial Orientation on Spin-Offs' Performance: A Cross-Cultural Study

Authors Mariem Khadhraoui, Michel Plaisent, Lassaad Lakhal, ...
Year 2019
Journal Name SAGE OPEN
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24 Journal Article

Revolution Impact on Drinking Water Consumption: Real Case of Tunisia

Authors M. Hassen Baouab, Semia Cherif
Year 2017
Journal Name SOCIAL INDICATORS RESEARCH
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25 Journal Article

DEFINING ETHNIC-IDENTITY - THE CASE OF ISRAELIS FROM SOUTHERN TUNISIA

Authors S DESHEN
Year 1984
Journal Name MEGAMOT
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26 Journal Article

The time styles scale - A review of developments and replications over 15 years

Authors Jean-Claude Usunier, Pierre Valette-Florence
Year 2007
Journal Name TIME & SOCIETY
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27 Journal Article

The colour of Orientalism: race and narratives of discovery in Tunisia

Authors Amy Aisen Elouafi
Year 2010
Journal Name ETHNIC AND RACIAL STUDIES
Citations (WoS) 4
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28 Journal Article

Class, gender and culture in the experience of menopause. A comparative survey in Tunisia and France

Authors Daniel Delanoe, Virginie Ringa, Selma Hajri, ...
Year 2012
Journal Name SOCIAL SCIENCE & MEDICINE
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29 Journal Article

Terrorism and International Tourism: The Case of Germany

Authors Gabriel M. Ahlfeldt, Wolfgang Maennig, Bastian Franke
Year 2015
Journal Name JAHRBUCHER FUR NATIONALOKONOMIE UND STATISTIK
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30 Journal Article

Counting the Uncountable – Measuring Migrant Integration Between Origin and Destination

Authors Sona Kalantaryan, Anna Di Bartolomeo
Book Title Migrant Integration between Homeland and Host Society Volume 2
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31 Book Chapter

Household and Contextual Indicators of Poverty in Tunisia: A Multilevel Analysis

Authors Mohamed Amara, Hatem Jemmali
Year 2018
Journal Name SOCIAL INDICATORS RESEARCH
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32 Journal Article

DYNAMICS OF UNEMPLOYMENT DURATION AMONG AFRICAN MIGRANTS IN SWEDEN The contribution of specific country of birth and gender on employment success

Authors Helio Manhica, Mikael Rostila, John Osth
Year 2015
Journal Name NORDIC JOURNAL OF MIGRATION RESEARCH
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33 Journal Article

Building a Security Community in the Neighbourhood. Zooming in on the EU-Tunisia Relations

Authors A. Dandashly
Year 2014
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34 Working Paper

Paths of Mobility: Migrants out of Tunisia and the Parisian Labor Market Since 1956

Authors Noel Bonneuil
Year 2011
Journal Name MATHEMATICAL POPULATION STUDIES
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35 Journal Article

DYNAMICS OF UNEMPLOYMENT DURATION AMONG AFRICAN MIGRANTS IN SWEDEN The contribution of specific country of birth and gender on employment success

Authors Helio Manhica, Mikael Rostila, John Osth
Year 2015
Journal Name NORDIC JOURNAL OF MIGRATION RESEARCH
Citations (WoS) 4
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36 Journal Article

The long arm of the Arab state

Authors Gerasimos Tsourapas
Year 2019
Journal Name ETHNIC AND RACIAL STUDIES
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37 Journal Article

The Arab Spring and the Italian Response to Migration in 2011

Authors Emanuela Paoletti
Year 2014
Journal Name Comparative Migration Studies
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38 Journal Article

Arab Springs making space: territoriality and moral geographies for asylum seekers in Italy

Authors Glenda Garelli, Martina Tazzioli
Year 2013
Journal Name ENVIRONMENT AND PLANNING D-SOCIETY & SPACE
Citations (WoS) 13
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39 Journal Article

Mapping Specific Incentives for Countries of Origin to Facilitate Cooperation on Return

Year 2017
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Abstract
This project aims at identifying need-based potentials for cooperation, which can lead to opportunities for improved cooperation between countries wishing to return persons not holding residence rights and five countries (Algeria, Morocco, Nigeria, Tunisia, Iran) in the field of return and readmission. More specifically, and based on the analysis of relevant international relations theories as well as on insights from expert interviews, the study will examine: • Options for the development of strategies for the creation of incentive based cooperation schemes in the field of return and readmission and to determine which incentives could be offered to the countries of origin of illegally resident third-country nationals without jeopardizing the EU's objectives in this area, and ultimately its own interests. • Experiences of selected EU-countries (Italy, the Netherland, the UK, Sweden) in cooperation with the above mentioned countries in the field of return. • Necessary conditions for the establishment of sustainable cooperation in the field of return (based on theoretical considerations and results of the empirical investigations) In addition, the project aims at producing five country specific case studies including information on: • the general situation with regard to migration and the corresponding third country. • the current state of cooperation between Austria and the third country • perceived problems in the area of repatriation • European experiences • positive incentives
41 Project

The influence of religion on the leisure behavior of immigrant Muslims in the United States

Authors M Stodolska, JS Livengood
Year 2006
Journal Name JOURNAL OF LEISURE RESEARCH
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42 Journal Article

Islam and Mass Media Consumption in Post-Migration Contexts among Women from Northern Africa in Catalonia (Spain)

Authors Amparo Huertas Bailen
Year 2018
Journal Name SOCIETIES
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43 Journal Article

The effects of discrimination and constraints negotiation on leisure behavior of American Muslims in the post-september 11 America

Authors JS Livengood, M Stodolska
Year 2004
Journal Name JOURNAL OF LEISURE RESEARCH
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44 Journal Article

Offshoring Asylum and Migration in Australia, Spain, Tunisia and the US - Lessons Learned and Feasibility for the EU

Authors Sergio Carrera
Year 2018
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Abstract
This paper aims to examine the relationship between board independence and the level of corporate social responsibility (CSR) disclosures and to check whether such a relationship is moderated by the existence of an assurance statement that increases the credibility and reliability of such information. Using an international sample of 780 companies from 2004 to 2010 as well as the GMM estimator methodology for panel data, our evidence supports the idea that independent directors show initial opposition to CSR disclosure practices, owing to concern for their career or reputation, because this reporting could lack credibility. However, the existence of an assurance statement moderates it in the sense that it protects directors from the reputation risks associated with potentially misleading CSR information.
45 Report

Social housing and location choices of immigrants in France

Authors D Fougere, F Kramarz, Mirna Safi, ...
Year 2013
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MANPOWER
Citations (WoS) 8
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46 Journal Article

Decolonization immigrations and the social origins of the second generation: The case of North Africans in France

Authors Richard Alba, R Silberman
Year 2002
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION REVIEW
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47 Journal Article

Mapping Specific Incentives for Countries of Origin to Facilitate Cooperation on Return

Year 2017
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Abstract
This project aims at identifying need-based potentials for cooperation, which can lead to opportunities for improved cooperation between countries wishing to return persons not holding residence rights and five countries (Algeria, Morocco, Nigeria, Tunisia, Iran) in the field of return and readmission. More specifically, and based on the analysis of relevant international relations theories as well as on insights from expert interviews, the study will examine: • Options for the development of strategies for the creation of incentive based cooperation schemes in the field of return and readmission and to determine which incentives could be offered to the countries of origin of illegally resident third-country nationals without jeopardizing the EU's objectives in this area, and ultimately its own interests. • Experiences of selected EU-countries (Italy, the Netherland, the UK, Sweden) in cooperation with the above mentioned countries in the field of return. • Necessary conditions for the establishment of sustainable cooperation in the field of return (based on theoretical considerations and results of the empirical investigations) In addition, the project aims at producing five country specific case studies including information on: • the general situation with regard to migration and the corresponding third country. • the current state of cooperation between Austria and the third country • perceived problems in the area of repatriation • European experiences • positive incentives
48 Project

POLITICAL UPHEAVALS IN THE ARAB WORLD: INSTABILITIES AND MIGRANTS INFLUX TO THE WESTERN BALKANS

Authors Jelisaveta Blagojevic, Radenko Scekic
Year 2017
Journal Name ANNALES-ANALI ZA ISTRSKE IN MEDITERANSKE STUDIJE-SERIES HISTORIA ET SOCIOLOGIA
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49 Journal Article

EU mobility partnerships: a smart instrument for the externalization of migration control

Authors Stefan Brocza, Katharina Paulhart
Year 2015
Journal Name EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF FUTURES RESEARCH
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50 Journal Article

Overseas voting among Arab migrants in the EU

Year 2013
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Abstract
The research project ‘Arab Overseas Voting’ aims to contribute to the academic literature and policy discussion on overseas voting by drawing the attention on Arab migrant communities in the EU participating in the elections of their country of origin. It adopts an interdisciplinary and comparative approach that builds on historical and current contrasts between two major Arab labour sending countries (Tunisia and Morocco) and between two key EU receiving countries (France and Italy). Overseas voting is a worldwide trend. It is considered as a migrants’ right, and as contributing positively to democratization and development. However, the academic literature on overseas voting is still at an initial stage, in particular in Arab and African countries. The context of the project is that of momentous political changes in the Arab World, and increasing migration flows between North Africa and the EU since two decades. The general objective of the project is to assess why and how states enfranchise non-resident citizens, and under which conditions and for what purposes the latter participate in elections of their country of origin. In a policy perspective, the project aim to assess if, and under which conditions, overseas voting should be included in common migration policy frameworks, including the EU Global Approach to Migration and Mobility (GAMM). The project responds to EU demands to further investigate the governance of migration, in particular temporary migration; and social and political changes in Arab countries, in particular empowering young generation in context of political transition. With the aim of fulfilling such objective, ‘Arab Overseas Voting’ will pursue the following interrelated research objectives: patterns for adopting overseas voting; extensive versus restrictive voting rules; voters’ turnout; and voting behaviour, with a focus on age, gender, legal status differences.
51 Project

EUNAM: EU and North African Migrants: Health and Health Systems

Year 2011
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Abstract
The coordinates of human health are complex even in a single population but they are even more complex in migrants whose life situation is always influenced by the host country and the country of origin. Some migrants may experience several host countries and some return to the country of origin. Thus it is important to survey well being, health status, disease panorama and use of health services of immigrants compared to the native population; such analyses would be incomplete without casting a view on the same indicators and parameters in the country of origin. Thus for this project we have collected a team of experts to cover health aspects of the full cycle of migration, viewing the health situation in Egypt, Tunisia and Algeria as representatives of the Mediterranean North African (NA) partner countries, the origins of vast numbers of immigrants in EU. The EU partner countries from France, Italy, Germany (subcontracting Slovenia) and Sweden are not only receivers of the NA immigrants but they also have larger numbers of immigrants from others areas, allowing comparisons between immigrant groups. The team has experience on a variety of health and disease measures and it has an access to a variety of survey and register material relating to population health, disease patterns and function of health care systems. Many of the surveys and diseases registers have been carried out/constructed by the present partners who thus possess unique sources of data. The team will be in the position to respond to the expectations of the call by reviewing health effects of migration from the country of origin to the host country and coming up with scientifically valid state-of-the-art evaluations and appropriate recommendations for scientific and health policy measures in improving the conditions for the EU immigrants.
52 Project

EU and North African Migrants: Health and Health Systems

Year 2011
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Abstract
The coordinates of human health are complex even in a single population but they are even more complex in migrants whose life situation is always influenced by the host country and the country of origin. Some migrants may experience several host countries and some return to the country of origin. Thus it is important to survey well being, health status, disease panorama and use of health services of immigrants compared to the native population; such analyses would be incomplete without casting a view on the same indicators and parameters in the country of origin. Thus for this project we have collected a team of experts to cover health aspects of the full cycle of migration, viewing the health situation in Egypt, Tunisia and Algeria as representatives of the Mediterranean North African (NA) partner countries, the origins of vast numbers of immigrants in EU. The EU partner countries from France, Italy, Germany (subcontracting Slovenia) and Sweden are not only receivers of the NA immigrants but they also have larger numbers of immigrants from others areas, allowing comparisons between immigrant groups. The team has experience on a variety of health and disease measures and it has an access to a variety of survey and register material relating to population health, disease patterns and function of health care systems. Many of the surveys and diseases registers have been carried out/constructed by the present partners who thus possess unique sources of data. The team will be in the position to respond to the expectations of the call by reviewing health effects of migration from the country of origin to the host country and coming up with scientifically valid state-of-the-art evaluations and appropriate recommendations for scientific and health policy measures in improving the conditions for the EU immigrants.
53 Project

Long-term developments in jihadi militant ideology and its transnational impact

Year 2015
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Abstract
The proposed study investigates long-term ideological developments in Islamist ideology and how this influences the formation of attitudes, opinions and beliefs in the European Muslim diaspora. In particular it focuses on the question how militant ideologies transmit political violence from one social setting into another. Through a longitudinal and quasi-experimental design the project assesses the impact of three emerging political landscapes evoked by the Arab spring on the ideology of al-Qaeda (jihadism): Countries with regime change (Tunisia, Egypt), without regime change (Yemen, Saudi Arabia), and countries in a civil war (Syria). The militant ideology of the jihadi movement explains in its media to its constituency why it is necessary, beneficial and justified to engage in violent activism. The long-term development and the transnational transmission of this rationale is the focal point of the study. It investigates the ideological mechanisms in jihadi transnational media through which local and regional events in the Middle East translate into a global military doctrine. While this doctrine sets jihadism apart from political Islam (e.g. Muslim Brotherhood) it is decisive to understand whether both movements will converge or drift apart in their ideologies as they react and reposition themselves in the context of the three different political conditions evoked by the Arab revolutions. The study then moves on to investigate how emerging claims, positions, and sentiments expressed in the jihadi media resonate within Muslim communities in Germany and the UK. To this end it develops and pre-tests a survey instrument that rates the extent of rejection/endorsement of different aspects in Islamist thinking, including the legitimacy of political violence.
54 Project

PRe-clinicAl studies of a PSA-based human vaccine candidate targeting visceral, cutaneOus and mucocutaneous Leishmaniasis and Development of the associated procedures for further clinical trials

Year 2009
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Abstract
The global aim of RAPSODI is : · to develop a human vaccine candidate against most or all Leishmania species that cause the most severe leishmaniasis in the world. An unique vaccinal solution will thus be provided to protect against the various clinical phenotypes (namely visceral, cutaneous and mucocutaneaous leishmaniasis, VL, CL and ML respectively). · to establish all the associated procedures required for the subsequent clinical trials, such as the selection of the appropriate patients and assessment of vaccine efficiency. For that purpose, an international consortium constituted of countries from endemic areas (India, Peru, Tunisia, Spain and France) and embracing multi-disciplinary approaches has been set-up. Based on successful results on VL dogs, the best VL animal model to date, RAPSODI will propose a second generation human-compatible vaccine candidate and confirm its activity in pre-clinical studies. As the chosen antigen is common to most, if not all, Leishmania species, an ambitious universal immunoprotective response is being sought. RAPSODI will also address the question of population selection in order to ascertain relevant and meaningful clinical trials and vaccination campaigns. Indeed, resistant individuals, when involved in either vaccinated or placebo groups, represent important bias to the analysis of the results. RAPSODI will investigate further the parasitological, immunological and genetic features of such clinical status, and will subsequently apply the generated knowledge to the development of assays and field tests, which represent stand-alone results. The package (vaccine candidate \ diagnostic/prognostic tools) proposed by RAPSODI represents a global solution, and as such is believed to have a real impact on the worldwide leishmaniasis problem.
55 Project

‘Between a rock & a hard place’: North Africa as a region of emigration, immigration & transit migration

Authors Martin Baldwin-Edwards
Year 2006
Journal Name Review of African Political Economy
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56 Journal Article

Key factors for a successful implementation of a customer relationship management technology in the Tunisian hotel sector

Authors Nedra Bahri-Ammari, Khaldoon Nusair
Year 2015
Journal Name JOURNAL OF HOSPITALITY AND TOURISM TECHNOLOGY
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57 Journal Article

Private Pieties, Mundane Islam and New Forms of Muslim Religiosity: Impact on Contemporary Social and Political Dynamics

Year 2016
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Abstract
Muslim societies have been impacted since the 19th century by far-reaching processes of social and economic change as well as the development of an array of both Islamist and counter-Islamist movements. The present research project proposes to focus on Muslims whose ideas of piety are characterized by their private and individualistic character: they maintain that their piety is not subject to scrutiny by Islamist movements which value public religion as a means of societal control. Insistence on privacy (and individuality) may appear as rather a-political stance, yet, forms an eminently political position as it challenges claims to hegemony of interpretation of both established religious (and political) authorities as well as the leaders of Islamist movements. The present project asks which social and political consequences the movement towards private piety has and what private piety actually means for the social development of Muslim societies, for the development of Islamist movements and their ability to mobilize Muslims for political aims: what happens to politics in such a case? How do Islamist groups react that have to fear most from such a social movement? How also can we assess the role of women in patriarchal societies who appear to gain most from the move towards private piety? The project will approach these questions in the form of a comparative study of social and political contexts in Senegal, Tunisia, Egypt, Turkey, Iran and Pakistan as well as Muslim (Senegalese, Tunisian, Egyptian, etc.) diasporic communities in Europe. Our trans-regional comparative perspective will enable us to identify the social dynamics linked with the movement towards private piety and will be central to respond to the question whether such dynamics of change impact on processes of democratization in the countries chosen as case studies by our research group.
58 Project

Gender and the colonial encounter in the Arab world: examining women's experiences and narratives

Authors MD Garcia-Ramon
Year 2003
Journal Name ENVIRONMENT AND PLANNING D-SOCIETY & SPACE
Citations (WoS) 2
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60 Journal Article

MEDRESET.A comprehensive, integrated,and bottom-up approach to reset our understanding of the Mediterranean space, remap the region,and reconstruct inclusive, responsive,and flexible EU policies in it

Year 2016
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Abstract
Euro-Mediterranean policies, as well as research on them, have been characterized by a Euro-centric approach based on a narrow geopolitical construction of the Mediterranean. Moreover, stakeholders, policy instruments, and policy issues have been defined from a European standpoint, marginalizing the perspectives and needs of local states and people, and ignoring the role played by new and powerful regional and global actors. In an increasingly multipolar world, overcoming this Euro-centric approach is key for Europe to play a more meaningful role in the region. Thus, MEDRESET aims to reset our understanding of the Mediterranean and develop alternative visions for a new partnership and corresponding EU policies, reinventing a future role for the EU as an inclusive, flexible, and responsive ‘actor’ in the region. This will be achieved through an integrated research design which is in three phases: it 1) de-constructs the EU construction of the Mediterranean, 2) counters it by mapping the region on the geopolitical level and in four key policy areas (political ideas, agriculture and water, industry and energy, migration and mobility) alongside a three-dimensional framework (stakeholders, policy instruments, policy issues), which directly feeds into 3) a reconstruction of a new role for the EU, enhancing its ability to exert reflexive leadership and thus its relevance in the region. Embedded in an interdisciplinary research team, as well as in a civil society and media network, MEDRESET evaluates the effectiveness and potential of EU policies by investigating whether current policies still match the changing geopolitical configuration of the Mediterranean area. The perceptions of EU policies and the reasons for their successes or failures are assessed by surveying top-down and bottom-up stakeholders on both shores of the Mediterranean. Country-tailored policy recommendations for the EU will be given for four key countries: Egypt, Lebanon, Morocco, and Tunisia.
61 Project

Biographic Consequences of Parent Child-Separation during the Migration Process: The Case of Guest-Worker Migration to Germany

Year 2008
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Abstract
"Theoretical background and objectives Research on youth migration in Germany has given little attention to transnational family relations so far. The project explores both the extent and the long-term individual consequences of migration-related family separation during childhood. The first part of the study focuses on guest-workers' immigration strategies in order to explain the development and consequences of transnational family relations in the context of the recruitment of ""gastarbeiter"" in Germany. The study differentiates between guest workers from Southern Europe (Greece, Italy, Spain, Yugosla­via and Portugal) and from Islamic Mediterranean countries (Turkey, Morocco, Tunisia). Survey data are used to construct and describe ""migration chains"" in order to test hypotheses on transnational family relations and the extent of resulting parent-child separation. The analysis of qualitative data gathered from interviews with young migrants living in Germany permits the investigation of the familial decision-making processes concerning migration and the cones­quences of separation from parents experienced during childhood. At the second stage, the project also analyses the attachment behaviour of migrants who, in the context of immigration to Germany, temporarily lived in transnational families during their childhood. The idea that a separation from parents experienced during childhood will influence the general attachment behaviour forms the core thesis of attachment theory (Bowlby 1969, Ainsworth 1985a). But instead of concentrating on immediate social consequences of migration-related parental loss on the child-parent-relationship, the study analyses the marital status of adults depending on whether they experienced separation from their parent(s) due to migration during their childhood. Research design, data and methodology Data are analysed descriptively and by means of logistic regression models, using the German Mikrozensus 2005. Additionally, a series of interviews has been conducted with young Moroccan migrants who had been temporarily separated from their parents. Findings The extent of separation experiences differs according to ethnic background. Children with an Islamic Mediterranean background have a significantly higher hazard of experiencing a migration-related separation from one of their parents (mostly, from their father) than those from Southern European countries. A temporary loss of both parents was observed more frequently among young migrants with a European origin. The interviews reveal that it is much more difficult for the children to deal with the absence of both parents. Regression results show that the experience of a separation from parents during childhood significantly reduces the chances of marriage among adult migrants, and that the age at separation plays an important role, while the duration does not show any effects."
62 Project

Democratic governance at times of crisis: rebuilding our communities and building on our citizens

Authors GJ Fraser-Moleketi
Year 2012
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL REVIEW OF ADMINISTRATIVE SCIENCES
Citations (WoS) 3
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63 Journal Article

Migration and Transnational Social Protection in (post) Crisis Europe (MiTSoPro)

Year 2019
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Abstract
MiTSoPro focuses on the link between migration and welfare across different European and non-European countries. The first part of the project closely examines migrants’ access to welfare in home and host countries. In doing so, the project adopts a top-down analytical approach of the concept of Transnational Social Protection from above, thus aiming to provide answers to the following research questions: Do migrants have access to social protection in Europe and beyond? What kind of social benefits can they access in their countries of residence and what type of social protection entitlements can they export from their countries of origin? Do some migrant groups benefit from an easier formal access to welfare benefits than others? Do some countries offer more inclusive social protection regimes for immigrants and emigrants alike? The first part of the project provides an in-depth analysis of eligibility conditions for accessing welfare entitlements across 40 countries. The project thus includes all EU Member States and 12 non-EU sending countries distributed across different continents, whose nationals represent an important share of the migration inflows towards European countries (the 12 non-EU countries included in the project are: Argentina, China, Ecuador, India, Lebanon, Morocco, Russia, Senegal, Serbia, Switzerland, Tunisia and Turkey). For each country, we systematically analyse migrants’ access to social benefits across five core policy areas that are closely examined via a broad range of indicators (i.e. specific types of social benefits in kind and cash): 1) Health care (benefits in kind and cash in case of sickness and invalidity benefits); 2) Unemployment (covering both unemployment insurance and unemployment assistance); 3) Old-age pensions (including contributory and non-contributory pensions); 4) Family benefits (maternity, paternity, parental, and child benefits); 5) Guaranteed minimum resources (social assistance programmes aiming to provide a “safety net” aiming to protect individuals from severe poverty). The data collection process was conducted between April 2019-January 2019, based on a survey with national experts across all country analysed. The survey included standardized questions, thus ensuring comparability across the different countries analysed, despite their different political settings and migration histories. The project covers national legislations in place in 2019. This first dataset on migrants’ access to welfare entitlement is complemented by a second one that examines the programmes and initiatives led by home countries authorities to respond to the social protection needs of their non-resident nationals. Covering the same 40 countries, this second dataset highlights the role of three key actors (consulates, diaspora institutions and home country ministries/agencies responsible for specific social policy areas) through which sending states interact with their nationals abroad across the five policy areas previously mentioned. The data collection of this second dataset is based on another survey conducted between April 2018-January 2019 with national experts across the 40 countries analysed in the project.
64 Data Set

Cultures of resistance: Another world is in the making…

Authors Suzanne Oboler
Year 2011
Journal Name LATINO STUDIES
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66 Journal Article

Migration and Immigrants in Europe: A Historical and Demographic Perspective

Authors Helga de Valk, Christof Van Mol
Book Title Integration Processes and Policies in Europe
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67 Book Chapter

Sending Country Policies

Authors Eva Østergaard-Nielsen
Book Title Integration Processes and Policies in Europe
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
68 Book Chapter

Ethnic conflict without ethnic groups: a study in pure sociology1

Authors Mark Cooney
Year 2009
Journal Name BRITISH JOURNAL OF SOCIOLOGY
Citations (WoS) 9
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69 Journal Article
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