Senegal

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Interrelationships of non-formal mother tongue education and citizenship in Guinea and Senegal

Authors Andrea Clemons, Eva Yerende
Year 2009
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF BILINGUAL EDUCATION AND BILINGUALISM
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1 Journal Article

Emigration and Development in Senegal

Authors Lama Kabbanji, Sorana Toma
Book Title Emigration and Diaspora Policies in the Age of Mobility
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2 Book Chapter

Producing emotionally sensed knowledge? Reflexivity and emotions in researching responses to death

Authors Ruth Evans, Sophie Bowlby, Jane Ribbens McCarthy, ...
Year 2017
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SOCIAL RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
Citations (WoS) 3
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3 Journal Article

Sibling position, gender, and family networks in Mexican and Senegalese migration

Authors Mao-Mei Liu, Mathew J. Creighton, Fernando Riosmena
Year 2018
Journal Name POPULATION SPACE AND PLACE
Citations (WoS) 4
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4 Journal Article

International Climate Migration: Evidence for the Climate Inhibitor Mechanism and the Agricultural Pathway

Authors Raphael J. Nawrotzki, Maryia Bakhtsiyarava
Year 2017
Journal Name POPULATION SPACE AND PLACE
Citations (WoS) 11
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5 Journal Article

Translocal development: Italy–Senegal

Authors Ralph Grillo, Bruno Riccio
Year 2004
Journal Name POPULATION SPACE AND PLACE
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6 Journal Article

Climate, migration, and the local food security context: introducing Terra Populus

Authors Raphael J. Nawrotzki, Allison M. Schlak, Tracy A. Kugler
Year 2016
Journal Name POPULATION AND ENVIRONMENT
Citations (WoS) 7
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7 Journal Article

The Role of Migration Policy Changes in Europe for Return Migration to Senegal

Authors Marie-Laurence Flahaux
Year 2017
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION REVIEW
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9 Journal Article

Transnational Mouridism and the Afro-Muslim critique of Italy

Authors B Riccio
Year 2004
Journal Name JOURNAL OF ETHNIC AND MIGRATION STUDIES
Citations (WoS) 17
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10 Journal Article

Multistate modelling extended by behavioural rules: An application to migration

Authors Anna Klabunde, F Willekens, Sabine Zinn, ...
Year 2017
Journal Name POPULATION STUDIES-A JOURNAL OF DEMOGRAPHY
Citations (WoS) 11
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11 Journal Article

What drives Senegalese migration to Europe? The role of economic restructuring, labor demand, and the multiplier effect of networks

Authors Pau Baizán, Amparo González-Ferrer
Year 2016
Journal Name Demographic Research
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12 Journal Article

Local realities and global possibilities: deconstructing the imaginations of aspiring migrants in Senegal

Authors Roos Willems
Year 2014
Journal Name IDENTITIES-GLOBAL STUDIES IN CULTURE AND POWER
Citations (WoS) 4
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13 Journal Article

West and Central Africa

Authors Nathalie Lydie, Noah Jamie Robinson
Year 1998
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
Citations (WoS) 7
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14 Journal Article

Out of Africa: what drives the pressure to emigrate?

Authors Hendrik P. van Dalen, George Groenewold, Jeannette J. Schoorl
Year 2005
Journal Name JOURNAL OF POPULATION ECONOMICS
Citations (WoS) 50
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15 Journal Article

Interational Migrations and Development : analysis from cross-sectionnal data migrants-families

Year 2008
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Abstract
This project aims at improving the scientific knowledge on the relationship between migration, remittances and development, starting with the example of Senegal. Based on the collection of original survey data, and the implementation of a cross-sectional method linking the migrants and the families of origin, the project has produced socio-economic analysis of the migrants behaviours regarding mobility, migration and transnational ties.
16 Project

Migrant Networks and International Migration: Testing Weak Ties

Authors Mao-Mei Liu
Year 2013
Journal Name DEMOGRAPHY
Citations (WoS) 25
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17 Journal Article

SLM: West Africa: Promoting sustainable land management in migration-prone areas through innovative financing mechanisms

Year 2014
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Abstract
Provides support to West African countries, especially Burkina Faso, Niger and Senegal, to: Integrate the SLM-migration nexus into their development and budgetary policies; Increase economic opportunities and improve the investment climate for SLM in specific geographic areas subject to desertification and migration; and Disseminate best SLM practices in West Africa and their funding in pertinent international fora.
18 Project

Releasing the Development Potential of Return Migration: The Case of Senegal

Authors Marie Angelique Diatta, Ndiaga Mbow
Year 1999
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
Citations (WoS) 35
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19 Journal Article

Emigration Rates From Sample Surveys: An Application to Senegal

Authors F Willekens, Sabine Zinn, Matthias Leuchter
Year 2017
Journal Name DEMOGRAPHY
Citations (WoS) 2
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20 Journal Article

Imagining Europe from the Outside (EUMAGINE)

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Abstract
Data on the impact of perception of human rights and demogracy on migration aspirations. Imagining Europe from the Outside investigated the impact of perceptions of human rights and democracy on migration aspirations and decisions. Funded by the European Commission under the Seventh Framework Programme, the EUMAGINE project involved more than thirty researchers in seven countries who worked to understand how people in Morocco, Senegal, Turkey and Ukraine relate to the possibility of migration. Following the end of the project in 2013, its data is now available to interested researchers.
21 Data Set

The Politics of Home: Dual Citizenship and the African Diaspora

Authors Beth Elise Whitaker
Year 2011
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION REVIEW
Citations (WoS) 12
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22 Journal Article

Migration, masculinity and social class: Insights from Pikine, Senegal

Authors Sebastian Prothmann
Year 2018
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
Citations (WoS) 1
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23 Journal Article

Sampling international migrants with origin-based snowballing method: New evidence on biases and limitations

Authors Cris Beauchemin, A Gonzalez-Ferrer
Year 2011
Journal Name DEMOGRAPHIC RESEARCH
Citations (WoS) 38
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24 Journal Article

Titanic tales of missing men: Reconfigurations of national identity and gendered presence in Dakar, Senegal

Authors CAROLINE M. MELLY
Year 2011
Journal Name American Ethnologist
Citations (WoS) 20
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25 Journal Article

Pathways into Irregular Status Among Senegalese Migrants in Europe

Authors Erik Vickstrom
Year 2014
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION REVIEW
Citations (WoS) 13
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26 Journal Article

Migrations between Africa and Europe

Year 2006
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Abstract
The MAFE project purpose is to provide significant and extensive original quantitative data on the characteristics and behaviours of Sub-Saharan African migrants. It is divided into 4 connected themes. Theme 1: appreciate the current migration tendencies between Africa and Europe. Theme 2: Explain the departure and the return dynamics. Theme 3: Integration and reintegration of migrants. Theme 4: International migrations and family transformations. Those dynamics must be appropriately understood, in order to conceive better migration policies. The MAFE project studies the migratory flows between Europe and Senegal, DRC and Ghana, which represent more than a quarter of African migrations to Europe.
27 Project

African Migrant Women

Year 2009
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Abstract
On the margins of the EU, African women migrants can be important transmitters of social cultural practices. But in certain societies of immigration (France, Spain) these women, because of the ageing factor can be victims of some kind of discrimination. Often their husbands can replace them for new co-spouses. This situation creates tensions and that is, for the women, all the more constraining and painful when the women carry on a productive and reproductive activity. this proposal, through a specific anthropological demography methodology, wants to bring into question meaningful motions of ethnicity, transnationalisation, gender and the changing context in relation to aesthetic and body concepts of African women in the settlement countries mainly in Spain and France (Europe) and in Senegal and Gambia (Africa).
28 Project

Reunifying Versus Living Apart Together Across Borders: A Comparative Analysis of sub-Saharan Migration to Europe

Authors Cris Beauchemin, Valentina Mazzucato, B Schoumaker, ...
Year 2015
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION REVIEW
Citations (WoS) 15
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29 Journal Article

Social Factors Associated with the Knowledge About HIV of the Immigrants from China, Latin America, the Maghreb and Senegal in the Basque Country (Spain)

Authors Elena Rodríguez-Álvarez, Nerea Lanborena, Amaia Bacigalupe, ...
Year 2013
Journal Name JOURNAL OF IMMIGRANT AND MINORITY HEALTH
Citations (WoS) 3
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30 Journal Article

Population observatories as sources of information on mortality in developing countries

Authors G Pison
Year 2005
Journal Name DEMOGRAPHIC RESEARCH
Citations (WoS) 10
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31 Journal Article

Understanding transnational political involvement among Senegalese migrants: The role of acculturation preferences and perceived discrimination

Authors Eva G. T. Green, Oriane Sarrasin, Jenny Maggi
Year 2014
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF INTERCULTURAL RELATIONS
Citations (WoS) 3
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32 Journal Article

Transnational Families Between Africa and Europe

Authors Valentina Mazzucato, Djamila Schans, Cris Beauchemin, ...
Year 2015
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION REVIEW
Citations (WoS) 19
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33 Journal Article

African Migrant Women

Year 2012
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Abstract
On the margins of the EU, African women migrants can be important transmitters of social cultural practices. But in certain societies of immigration (France, Spain) these women, because of the ageing factor can be victims of some kind of discrimination. Often their husbands can replace them for new co-spouses. This situation creates tensions and that is, for the women, all the more constraining and painful when the women carry on a productive and reproductive activity. this proposal, through a specific anthropological demography methodology, wants to bring into question meaningful motions of ethnicity, transnationalisation, gender and the changing context in relation to aesthetic and body concepts of African women in the settlement countries mainly in Spain and France (Europe) and in Senegal and Gambia (Africa).
34 Project

Globalising Touba: Expatriate Disciples in the World City Network

Authors Eric Ross
Year 2011
Journal Name URBAN STUDIES
Citations (WoS) 6
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35 Journal Article

Country Monographs: France

Authors Jacques Barou
Book Title Citizenship, Belonging and Intergenerational Relations in African Migration
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36 Book Chapter

African renaissance conferences of the 21st century - Dakar and Salvador in perspective

Authors MK Asante
Year 2006
Journal Name JOURNAL OF BLACK STUDIES
Citations (WoS) 2
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37 Journal Article

Gendered educational trajectories and transnational marriage among West African students in France

Authors Helene Neveu Kringelbach
Year 2015
Journal Name IDENTITIES-GLOBAL STUDIES IN CULTURE AND POWER
Citations (WoS) 4
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38 Journal Article

The EU-Senegal mobility partnership: from launch to suspension and negotiation failure

Authors M. Chou, M. Gibert
Year 2012
Journal Name Journal of Contemporary European Research
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39 Journal Article

Men from Sub-Saharan Africa Living in Worker Hostels in France: A Hidden Population with Poor Access to HIV Testing

Authors Marguerite Guiguet, P. Chauvin, S. Dionou, ...
Year 2017
Journal Name JOURNAL OF IMMIGRANT AND MINORITY HEALTH
Citations (WoS) 1
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40 Journal Article

Distance, Transnational Arrangements, and Return Decisions of Senegalese, Ghanaian, and Congolese Migrants

Authors A Gonzalez-Ferrer, Richard Black, B Schoumaker, ...
Year 2014
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION REVIEW
Citations (WoS) 8
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41 Journal Article

Return migration as a win-win-win scenario? Visions of return among Senegalese migrants, the state of origin and receiving countries

Authors Giulia Sinatti
Year 2015
Journal Name ETHNIC AND RACIAL STUDIES
Citations (WoS) 13
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42 Journal Article

Mind the gap: Application-based analysis of cultural adjustment models

Authors Miriam Sobre-Denton, Dan Hart
Year 2008
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF INTERCULTURAL RELATIONS
Citations (WoS) 14
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43 Journal Article

Gender Differences in the Role of Migrant Networks: Comparing Congolese and Senegalese Migration Flows

Authors Sorana Toma, Sophie Vause
Year 2014
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION REVIEW
Citations (WoS) 11
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44 Journal Article

Migration aspirations in Senegal: Who wants to leave and why does it matter?

Authors J. Carling, P.D. Fall, M. Hernández-Carretero, ...
Year 2013
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45 Policy Brief

Climate change, environmental change and migration: Social-ecological conditions of population movements using the example of the Sahel countries Mali and Senegal

Year 2010
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Abstract
The interdisciplinary research project MICLE focuses on the linkages between environmental change and migration in Mali and Senegal. Politicians and scientists increasingly emphasise climate change as one of the major threats to sustainable human livelihoods in Africa and predict massive population movements as a response to a growing number of extreme events such as droughts, increasing water scarcity, a detrimental decrease of food production, changing disease patterns and loss of biodiversity. However, the environmental refugee concept is highly problematic due to geodeterministic stereotyping, terminological ambiguity and political instrumentalisation. Identifying environmental change as the primary cause of these movements is extremely difficult. Therefore, the project faces the challenge to balance the multiple factors causing migration in order to understand its internal logics and contextualise it theoretically. Furthermore, it aims at providing a basis for the formulation of appropriate analyses enabling us to predict future migrations in an interdisciplinary approach bringing together political scientists, sociologists, demographers, geographers and natural scientists.
46 Project

Continuity and Changing Configurations of Migration to and from the Republic of South Africa

Authors Aderanti Adepoju
Year 2003
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
Citations (WoS) 34
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47 Journal Article

'The suffering is too great': Urban internally displaced persons in the Casamance conflict, Senegal

Authors Martin Evans
Year 2007
Journal Name JOURNAL OF REFUGEE STUDIES
Citations (WoS) 10
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48 Journal Article

Understanding Transnational Labour Market Trajectories of African-European Migrants: Evidence from the MAFE Survey

Authors Eleonora Castagnone, B Schoumaker, Tiziana Nazio, ...
Year 2015
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION REVIEW
Citations (WoS) 7
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49 Journal Article

ImPol Database (Immigration Policies)

Year 2008
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Abstract
The database (ImPol) contains 27 quantitative indicators to measure the entry dimension of immigration policies. The indicators are grouped in five dimensions: Immigration policy concerning irregular entry/residence; Short stay entry policy; Family reunification policy; Policies on entry for study; Work immigration policy. The ImPol dataset was originally conceived as a tool to complement the individual survey data collection carried out in the context of the MAFE-Senegal Project. The information collected so far is limited to France, Italy, and Spain, which are the main destinations of Senegalese migrants in Europe and focuses predominantly on the period from the 1960s until 2008. The legal texts consulted reflect the general policy regime in the three European countries and are hence of use for analyses addressing questions about immigration from a variety of origin countries. In addition, authors collected texts (bilateral agreements) addressing the specific case of the Senegalese. The type of information contained in the ImPol dataset can be used for a wide range of both contextual and statistical analyses
50 Data Set

European attempts to govern African youths by raising awareness of the risks of migration: ethnography of an encounter

Authors Anne-Line Rodriguez
Year 2019
Journal Name JOURNAL OF ETHNIC AND MIGRATION STUDIES
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51 Journal Article

Senegalese migration to Spain: transnational mothering practices

Authors Luna Vives, Iria Vazquez Silva
Year 2017
Journal Name JOURNAL OF ETHNIC AND MIGRATION STUDIES
Citations (WoS) 2
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52 Journal Article

Reporting Errors in Siblings' Survival Histories and Their Impact on Adult Mortality Estimates: Results From a Record Linkage Study in Senegal

Authors Stephane Helleringer, G Pison, Geraldine Duthe, ...
Year 2014
Journal Name DEMOGRAPHY
Citations (WoS) 14
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54 Journal Article

The Role of International Migration Experience for Investment at Home: Direct, Indirect, and Equalising Effects in Senegal

Authors Cora Mezger Kveder, Cris Beauchemin
Year 2015
Journal Name POPULATION SPACE AND PLACE
Citations (WoS) 5
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55 Journal Article

Reconstructing trends in international migration with three questions in household surveys: Lessons from the MAFE project

Authors B Schoumaker, Cris Beauchemin
Year 2015
Journal Name DEMOGRAPHIC RESEARCH
Citations (WoS) 4
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56 Journal Article

Entrepreneurial Chinese Migrants and Petty African Entrepreneurs: Local Impacts of Interaction in Urban West Africa (Ghana and Senegal)

Year 2011
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Abstract
Research Questions Where do Chinese migrant entrepreneurs come from and why do they migrate? Where do they settle, and how do they organize their economic and social activities? How are they perceived by local and migrant African entrepreneurs in their host country? Does this perception correspond to the discourse of cooperation propagated by the Chinese and African governments? How does the Chinese presence influence the development of African host societies? Contribution to International Research This comparative study on the Chinese migration into two West African countries explores the economic and political processes triggered by the Chinese migration. It analyses the interactions of the local population with the Chinese migrant entrepreneurs as well as the former’s innovative reactions toward the strategies and practices of the latter. The combination of the different regional research capacities at the GIGA within one research team allows us to address this multidimensional research problem with adequate regional and multidisciplinary competences and research strategies. Research Design and Methods Our research field is characterized by high degrees of informality, especially regarding migratory paths, residence status, economic activities, social organization and the political action of all actors involved. In view of this, existing quantitative data on the micro- and meso-levels could not be taken as a reliable basis for our analyses. Moreover, the economic interests that characterize our field had the effect of reduced acceptance on the part of our informants of standardized instruments such as questionnaires. For these reasons, our research concentrates on coordinated qualitative comparative case studies within and across Ghana and Senegal in order to produce reliable research findings. In accordance with our research questions, qualitative data collection was conducted on a micro-level, drawing on the method of actor-centred participant observation and its adaptations in narrative interviews. Additional semi-structured interviews were conducted to ensure comparability across cases. In addition, visual ethnographic methods were applied (photo essays, network-mapping) as a basis for joint interpretation in the overarching research context. Preliminary Results We had assumed that networks formed the dominant model of social organization for both the African and the Chinese actors and groups we studied, and that networks were the key factors to understanding the interaction between these two groups. In the field, however, we were unable to establish any empirical evidence that the Chinese individual economic sojourners (or small groups forming family-owned businesses), whose business models tend to be highly speculative, are engaging in any form of meaningful social and economic interaction with their African counterparts beyond primarily functional and opportunistic buyer–seller or employer–employee relationships. African traders also did not reveal any stronger motivation to open their networks to their Chinese counterparts. Based on our observations, we conclude that a wide range of African actors engages in innovative practices not through social exchange and mutually beneficial cooperation with the Chinese newcomers but by creatively appropriating the unintended opportunities that Chinese actors provide in the local African settings through their distinct social and economic practices. However, the significations that are inscribed into the diverse Chinese social and economic practices and the stimuli they represent are contested between diverse African actors, since their social and economic positioning, their interests and interpretations, and their capacities for adaptation differ greatly. The Chinese business strategy of large-scale wholesale trading in combination with the low cost of the commodities they sell has facilitated the engagement of larger social strata with limited financial means in trading activities. These changes in market access, not least, have had a profound impact on Senegalese and Ghanaian market orders. Not surprisingly, many of the new traders whose access to this profession has directly benefited from the Chinese presence also closely observe the latter’s business strategies. All interviewed Chinese traders, for instance, unanimously employed the logic of high turnovers at small profit rates, aspiring to maximize incomes through sheer volume. Once the African traders have realized that trading in Chinese goods provides solid opportunities for capital accumulation and growth, they have turned their gaze toward China as source for their commodities.
57 Project

On Their Own? A Study of Independent Versus Partner-Related Migration from the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Senegal

Authors Sorana Toma, Sophie Vause
Year 2013
Journal Name JOURNAL OF INTERCULTURAL STUDIES
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59 Journal Article

Shadows of Slavery in West Africa and Beyond. A Historical Anthropology

Year 2013
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Abstract
Though the colonial abolition of West African slavery and slave trade is well researched, the aftermath of slavery still deserves attention. What does it mean to be of slave descent today? How does the legacy of slavery and the slave trade overlap with harsh contemporary forms of marginality and exploitation? Moreover, what do we see when these questions are raised in a much broader comparative perspective? This project looks at the follow up of the abolition of slavery and the slave trade, a global process that invested the world at different times with a rich and complex variety of outcomes. Most historical research has stopped at the early colonial period, a very well documented phase of world history. Here, the analysis expands up to the present, and beyond the boundaries West African studies. Four regions of the world, which are under scrutiny for trafficking and contemporary slavery, will be studied comparatively. These are Eastern Senegal (West-Africa), Libya (North Africa), Coastal Madagascar (Indian Ocean), and North Afghanistan (Central Asia). The ambition is to link the micro-study of lived experience, cultural meanings and practices with the analysis of linkages and broader historical processes. To get results, there is need of a dialogue with human rights, legal theory, studies of gender and racial discrimination as well as scholarly insights on globalization and neo-liberalism. The ultimate objective of the project is an analytically integrated study of the aftermath of slavery that captures both the variety of concrete case-studies and the larger history of linkages between different parts of Africa and the world, Europe included. Innovation stands at the crossroad of chronological, geographical and disciplinary boundaries.
60 Project

The bargaining power of sending countries in influencing the rights of their low skilled migrant workers

Year 2018
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Abstract
This project asks how governments of migrant sending countries can influence the rights of their low skilled migrant workers in receiving countries. The project approaches this question from both the sending and the receiving country side; looking at factors that determine when and how sending states intervene and what determines the responses from receiving countries. The surplus of aspiring migrants and economic importance of remittances would suggest sending states have little bargaining power. Single case studies however suggest that some nevertheless intervene. A comprehensive overview of the drivers of immigration and emigration policy will result in a set of hypotheses. A survey of policy makers in sending countries will generate an overview of interventions by sending country governments. The project’s core is a systematic comparative case study of six sending countries with partly overlapping receiving countries and three of these receiving countries. The sending country cases are three sets of two countries in which migrant remittances constitute a similar share of GDP but involvement with the rights of their workers abroad differ; the Philippines, Senegal, India, Ecuador, Morocco and Vietnam. The receiving countries are South Korea, Saudi Arabia and Italy. These countries vary strongly in the rights for migrant workers and the level of cooperation with sending states. QCA and process tracing will be used to assess the hypotheses. The project is innovative in 1) providing a systematic analysis of a larger number of cases including countries rarely covered in comparative studies on migrant rights, 2) examining of the actions of both sending and receiving countries, and 3) taking the trade-off between migrant numbers and rights into account. The project will push theory development forward by connecting theoretical fields and expanding geographic scope. It is policy-relevant by providing further insight into how the rights of migrant workers can be improved.
61 Project

Imagining Europe from the outside. On the role of democracy and human rights perceptions in constructing migration aspirations and decision towards Europe

Year 2010
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Abstract
By means of a non-Eurocentric, theoretically and empirically sound cross-country and cross-region research design, EUMAGINE studies the impact of perceptions of human rights and democracy on international migration aspirations and decisions. Special attention goes to human rights (including women’s rights) and democracy perceptions on Europe, specific European countries, and the relative popularity of Europe in comparison and competition with the US, Russia, Canada and Australia. The core idea of the project is that macro and meso level discourses on human rights and democracy influence micro level perceptions on these themes in countries of origin and transit, which in turn influence migratory aspirations and decisions. To obtain its objectives, the consortium of EUMAGINE (consisting of seven partners, Universiteit Antwerpen (Belgium, coordinator), University of Oxford (United Kingdom), International Peace Research Institute, Oslo (Norway), Koc University (Turkey), Université Mohamed V (Morocco), The Kennan Institute (Ukraine) and Université Cheikh Anta Diop de Dakar (Sénégal)) will study four major ‘source’ and ‘transit’ countries, namely Morocco, Senegal, Turkey and Ukraine. For research purposes, the consortium is divided in four Geographical Duo Teams (each composed of a EU and non-EU partner). Based on a multidisciplinary, mixed-method approach (survey, in-depth interviews and observations) and by adopting a case study approach and comparing and contrasting a diversity of important international emigration countries, various types of regions within these countries, several modes of migration, various types of influential discourses, and different profiles of potential migrants, EUMAGINE will provide insights on how perceptions on human rights and democracy are related to migration aspirations and decisions. EUMAGINE is a gender sensitive project in the way that the team will address gender issues in all stages of the research cycle. Dissemination of the (intermediary) project results will be planned carefully and formulated in a program of dissemination elaborated from the start of the project.
62 Project

Mobility in situ: Debating emigration and return in Western Mali

Year 2017
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Abstract
Located in Western Mali, at the junction with Senegal and Mauritania, the area of Kayes has a long history of sustained involvement in transnational migration, notably towards France. The region bears the material and social imprints of decades of international migration in its infrastructures, buildings, family relations, and local notions of success and failure. Though this migration and its social effects have been the topic of a wide range of studies, the local understandings and discussions of these dynamics have been under-researched. Dwelling on developments in anthropology and African studies that highlight the importance of local expressive practices, this project focuses on three arenas where emigration and, more specifically, return have been debated: a village created by returnees in 1977; a local radio initiated by emigrants in 1987; individual trajectories of returnees from France to one village. In each field-site, biographical narratives will be combined with corpora of local productions of distinct sorts: personal documents such as family letters or cassettes; public discourses such as listeners’ letters to the radio and songs; and personal archives including photographs. The project will discuss the issue of return, a heavily politically and morally loaded one, by bringing together the individual and collective stories of returnees from distinct generations (those returning as adults in the 1970s and those returning in the 2000s), and the public discourses of each time. It will also question the way it is currently memorialized. While contributing to anthropological discussions on return migration, the ambition of the project is also to offer a better understanding of a key zone of emigration to Europe. Since the European Union is committed to address the root causes of migration, and funds initiatives to prevent migration, providing knowledge on local debates on migration can offer resources for designing effective programs in this field.
63 Project

Private Pieties, Mundane Islam and New Forms of Muslim Religiosity: Impact on Contemporary Social and Political Dynamics

Year 2016
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Abstract
Muslim societies have been impacted since the 19th century by far-reaching processes of social and economic change as well as the development of an array of both Islamist and counter-Islamist movements. The present research project proposes to focus on Muslims whose ideas of piety are characterized by their private and individualistic character: they maintain that their piety is not subject to scrutiny by Islamist movements which value public religion as a means of societal control. Insistence on privacy (and individuality) may appear as rather a-political stance, yet, forms an eminently political position as it challenges claims to hegemony of interpretation of both established religious (and political) authorities as well as the leaders of Islamist movements. The present project asks which social and political consequences the movement towards private piety has and what private piety actually means for the social development of Muslim societies, for the development of Islamist movements and their ability to mobilize Muslims for political aims: what happens to politics in such a case? How do Islamist groups react that have to fear most from such a social movement? How also can we assess the role of women in patriarchal societies who appear to gain most from the move towards private piety? The project will approach these questions in the form of a comparative study of social and political contexts in Senegal, Tunisia, Egypt, Turkey, Iran and Pakistan as well as Muslim (Senegalese, Tunisian, Egyptian, etc.) diasporic communities in Europe. Our trans-regional comparative perspective will enable us to identify the social dynamics linked with the movement towards private piety and will be central to respond to the question whether such dynamics of change impact on processes of democratization in the countries chosen as case studies by our research group.
64 Project

Imagining Europe from the outside. On the role of democracy and human rights perceptions in constructing migration aspirations and decision towards Europe

Year 2010
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Abstract
By means of a non-Eurocentric, theoretically and empirically sound cross-country and cross-region research design, EUMAGINE studies the impact of perceptions of human rights and democracy on international migration aspirations and decisions. Special attention goes to human rights (including women’s rights) and democracy perceptions on Europe, specific European countries, and the relative popularity of Europe in comparison and competition with the US, Russia, Canada and Australia. The core idea of the project is that macro and meso level discourses on human rights and democracy influence micro level perceptions on these themes in countries of origin and transit, which in turn influence migratory aspirations and decisions. To obtain its objectives, the consortium of EUMAGINE (consisting of seven partners, Universiteit Antwerpen (Belgium, coordinator), University of Oxford (United Kingdom), International Peace Research Institute, Oslo (Norway), Koc University (Turkey), Université Mohamed V (Morocco), The Kennan Institute (Ukraine) and Université Cheikh Anta Diop de Dakar (Sénégal)) will study four major ‘source’ and ‘transit’ countries, namely Morocco, Senegal, Turkey and Ukraine. For research purposes, the consortium is divided in four Geographical Duo Teams (each composed of a EU and non-EU partner). Based on a multidisciplinary, mixed-method approach (survey, in-depth interviews and observations) and by adopting a case study approach and comparing and contrasting a diversity of important international emigration countries, various types of regions within these countries, several modes of migration, various types of influential discourses, and different profiles of potential migrants, EUMAGINE will provide insights on how perceptions on human rights and democracy are related to migration aspirations and decisions. EUMAGINE is a gender sensitive project in the way that the team will address gender issues in all stages of the research cycle. Dissemination of the (intermediary) project results will be planned carefully and formulated in a program of dissemination elaborated from the start of the project.
65 Project

Imagining Europe from the Outside: The Role of Perceptions of Human Rights in Europe in Migration Aspirations in Turkey, Morocco, Senegal and Ukraine

Authors Christiane Timmerman, Helene Marie-Lou De Clerck, Kenneth Hemmerechts, ...
Year 2014
Book Title Communicating Europe in Times of Crisis
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
66 Book Chapter

Migration between Africa and Europe (MAFE) survey

Year 2008
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
Abstract
The MAFE project is a major research initiative focused on migration between Sud-saharan Africa and Europe. It aimed at collecting unique data on the characteristics and behavior of migrants from Sud-saharan countries to Europe. The key notion underpinning the project was that migration must not only be seen as a one-way flow from Africa to Europe. The argument was that return migration, circulation and transnational practices are significant and must be understood in order to design better migration policy. The MAFE project focused on migration flows between Europe (Belgium, France, Italy, the Netherlands, Spain and the UK) and Senegal, the Democratic Republic of Congo and Ghana, which together accounted for over a quarter of all African migration to the EU at the time of the survey. In each of these "migration systems", the survey was designed to document four key areas: - Patterns of migration : a) the socio-demographic characteristics of migrants, b) the routes of migration from Africa to Europe, and c) the patterns of return migration and circulation. - Determinants of migration: looking at departure, but also return and circulation and taking into account the whole set of possible destinations. - Migration and Development: MAFE documents some of the socio-economic changes driven by international migration, looking as often as possible at both ends of the Afro-European migration system, at the individual level. - Migrations and Families: the data collected by the MAFE project can be used to study all sorts of interactions between family formation and international migration. Although the survey was primarily designed to study international migration, it can also be used to study other phenomena, especially in Africa: domestic mobility, labor market participation, family formation, etc. Comparable data was collected in both 3 sending and 6 destination countries, i.e. in sub-Saharan Africa and in Europe. The data are longitudinal - including retrospective migration, education, work and family histories for individuals - and multi-level - (with data collected at the individual and household levels, in addition of macro-contextual data).
67 Data Set

The Political Economy of West African Migration Governance

Year 2019
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
Abstract
"The unprecedented influx of refugees and other migrants to Europe in 2015 also led to a renewed push towards a common EU African agenda of dealing with the challenges of migration. Numerous meetings, events and summits have been (at least partly) dedicated for this purpose, including the Valetta summit in 2015, the G20 summit in Hamburg in 2017 and the EU-Africa Summit in Abidjan in November 2017. Numerous bilateral, regional and continental Afro-European frameworks and policies pre-date and accompany these political gatherings. Yet, the current approach – including through the EU partnership framework – is not working. The annual 2018 MEDAM assessment report argues that EU countries should engage more actively with African countries, in this case in order to increase legal labour opportunities in return for cooperation on re-admission. Such active engagement between African and European countries is still lacking. On the one hand, critics highlight the tendency for migration cooperation to favour European interests rather than those of their African counterparts, incoherence in EU policy-making and the exclusionary nature of many of the summits and events. On the other hand, African governments have been criticised for their lack of engagement in migration governance. One major problem is how little is known about interests, stakes and stakeholders when it comes to governing migration, including emigration (both regular and irregular), immigration and dealing with displaced persons. The Political Economy of West African Migration Governance project endeavours to highlight the political dimension of migration governance (i.e. what are the real [sometimes hidden] interests and power asymmetries) and the multiple stakeholders (including civil society and sub-national ones). To do this the project considers how migration governance instruments and institutions are made and implemented, the stakes and stakeholders involved or excluded and the societal discourse that surrounds these interests. The qualitative study focuses on four case studies - the Gambia, Niger, Nigeria and Senegal – and will be based on fieldwork including semi-structured interviews in the respective countries. The project is participatory by design and a dissemination event series will take place in order to discuss and debate our findings with local experts in Abuja, Banjul, Dakar and Niamey. In addition there will be a final workshop to discuss our findings comparatively with scholars and civil society actors from all four WAMIG countries. This will take place in Accra in cooperation with the Centre for Migration Studies. More information on these events can be found here. Funded by the Stiftung Mercator, the Political Economy of West African Migration Governance project is undertaken within the framework of the Mercator Dialogue on Asylum and Migration (MEDAM). MEDAM is a three-year research and consultation project that identifies and closes gaps in existing research and develops specific recommendations for policy makers."
70 Project

Migration and Transnational Social Protection in (post) Crisis Europe (MiTSoPro)

Year 2019
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Abstract
MiTSoPro focuses on the link between migration and welfare across different European and non-European countries. The first part of the project closely examines migrants’ access to welfare in home and host countries. In doing so, the project adopts a top-down analytical approach of the concept of Transnational Social Protection from above, thus aiming to provide answers to the following research questions: Do migrants have access to social protection in Europe and beyond? What kind of social benefits can they access in their countries of residence and what type of social protection entitlements can they export from their countries of origin? Do some migrant groups benefit from an easier formal access to welfare benefits than others? Do some countries offer more inclusive social protection regimes for immigrants and emigrants alike? The first part of the project provides an in-depth analysis of eligibility conditions for accessing welfare entitlements across 40 countries. The project thus includes all EU Member States and 12 non-EU sending countries distributed across different continents, whose nationals represent an important share of the migration inflows towards European countries (the 12 non-EU countries included in the project are: Argentina, China, Ecuador, India, Lebanon, Morocco, Russia, Senegal, Serbia, Switzerland, Tunisia and Turkey). For each country, we systematically analyse migrants’ access to social benefits across five core policy areas that are closely examined via a broad range of indicators (i.e. specific types of social benefits in kind and cash): 1) Health care (benefits in kind and cash in case of sickness and invalidity benefits); 2) Unemployment (covering both unemployment insurance and unemployment assistance); 3) Old-age pensions (including contributory and non-contributory pensions); 4) Family benefits (maternity, paternity, parental, and child benefits); 5) Guaranteed minimum resources (social assistance programmes aiming to provide a “safety net” aiming to protect individuals from severe poverty). The data collection process was conducted between April 2019-January 2019, based on a survey with national experts across all country analysed. The survey included standardized questions, thus ensuring comparability across the different countries analysed, despite their different political settings and migration histories. The project covers national legislations in place in 2019. This first dataset on migrants’ access to welfare entitlement is complemented by a second one that examines the programmes and initiatives led by home countries authorities to respond to the social protection needs of their non-resident nationals. Covering the same 40 countries, this second dataset highlights the role of three key actors (consulates, diaspora institutions and home country ministries/agencies responsible for specific social policy areas) through which sending states interact with their nationals abroad across the five policy areas previously mentioned. The data collection of this second dataset is based on another survey conducted between April 2018-January 2019 with national experts across the 40 countries analysed in the project.
71 Data Set

EUmagine

Year 2011
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
Abstract
EUMAGINE is a collaborative European research project aimed at investigating the impact of perceptions of human rights and democracy on migration aspirations and decisions. Project description The EUMAGINE project aims to study how Europe is perceived from outside the EU, and how these perceptions affect migration aspirations and decisions. The project focuses on how people’s perceptions on democracy and human rights – in relation to their regions and countries of origin as well as places abroad – affect their perceptions on and attitudes to migration. We are also interested in investigating how perceptions on human rights and democracy interact with other determinants of migration aspirations, to what extent migration is perceived as a valuable life project, and how potential migrants compare Europe to other migration destinations. EUMAGINE studies migration-related perceptions among people aged 18-39 in four countries of origin and transit: Morocco, Senegal, Turkey and Ukraine. Conceptual framework The theoretical starting point for the project is two-fold: First, we assume that different types of discourses on human rights and democracy influence how individuals in countries of origin and transit perceive issues of human rights and democracy. Secondly, we expect that individuals’ perceptions in turn influence their migratory aspirations and decisions. The EUMAGINE project explores two types of imaginations: “migratory imaginations” and “geographical imaginations.” The term “migratory imaginations” refers to people’s attitude to migration as a valuable life project. Migration-related perceptions and aspirations develop within a specific cultural, political-juridical and economic setting, known as the “emigration environment.” Migration aspirations are linked with socially and culturally constructed perceptions. These include ideas and meanings attached to the migration project, subjective images of one’s current environment, and thoughts about potential destinations. We assume that perceptions on human rights and democracy have an impact on what Massey (1998) has termed “cultures of emigration,” where migration becomes deeply rooted into people’s behavioral repertoires. By “geographical imaginations” we refer to the meanings and images that make up people’s subjective conception of particular places, including Europe. We assume that migratory and geographical imaginations are influenced by different types of discourses: macro-level discourses (e.g. from policy and media sources) and meso-level discourses, (e.g. disseminated through popular culture and social networks). We also expect migratory and geographical imaginations to be shaped by individual-level factors, such as gender or age. Research questions The project is informed by five overarching research questions: 1) How are human rights and democracy related to imaginations in migrant sending countries constructed? 2) How are perceptions on human rights, democracy, migration and possible destination countries affected by various factors? 3) How do perceptions on human rights and democracy and ‘geographical imaginations’ relate to migration aspirations and migration? 4) How to develop a better informed migration policy, taking into account human rights and democracy as important migration determinants? 5) How to contribute to local capacity building in source countries, in order to prepare the ground for locally based research initiatives in the future? Methodology The project systematically analyzes migration aspirations and decisions, following a case-study approach: it compares and contrasts a diversity of important international emigration countries; various types of regions within these countries; several modes of migration; various types of influential discourses; and different profiles of potential migrants. This allows the project to make analytical generalizations about how migration-related perceptions, aspirations and decisions are formed. EUMAGINE has a multidisciplinary approach and combines the varied disciplinary background of its researchers: sociology, law, anthropology, economics, human geography and political science. The field research follows a mixed-method approach with three main methodological components: 1) ethnographic fieldwork in the community, 2) a large-scale quantitative survey, and 3) semi-structured qualitative interviews with selected survey respondents, directed by an interview guide. The research uses between- as well as within-method triangulation. Between-method triangulation is reached through combining qualitative as well as quantitative research methodologies. For within-method triangulation, we use two types of qualitative research, namely in-depth interviews and observation in communities. In each country, fieldwork is undertaken in four diverse regions, selected on the basis of the following model: 1) An area characterized by high emigration rates; 2) A second, comparable socio-economic area with low emigration; 3) A comparable area with a strong immigration history; and 4) A location with a specific human rights situation.
73 Project

Note from the editor

Authors ANGELIQUE HAUGERUD
Year 2014
Journal Name American Ethnologist
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
74 Journal Article

Access Impediments to Health Care and Social Services Between Anglophone and Francophone African Immigrants Living in Philadelphia with Respect to HIV/AIDS

Authors Kenneth Omollo A. Simbiri, Alice Hausman, Rose O. Wadenya, ...
Year 2010
Journal Name JOURNAL OF IMMIGRANT AND MINORITY HEALTH
Citations (WoS) 11
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
75 Journal Article

You Can’t Lose What You Haven’t Got:Citizenship Acquisition and Loss in Africa

Authors Bronwen Man
Book Title Debating Transformations of National Citizenship
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
76 Book Chapter

Gangs, Migration, and Crime: The Changing Landscape in Europe and the USA

Authors Scott H. Decker, Frank van Gemert, David C. Pyrooz
Year 2009
Journal Name JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION AND INTEGRATION
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
77 Journal Article

Sending Country Policies

Authors Eva Østergaard-Nielsen
Book Title Integration Processes and Policies in Europe
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
78 Book Chapter
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