This project, funded by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF), is part of the Migration and Social Integration cooperation network program. Its aim is to describe and explain the situation and behavior of juvenile emigrants from the former republics of the Soviet Union in Germany and Israel. The focus of research is on norm conflicts and violence among these groups in the receiving society. One main concern is to relate how socialization processes in the societies of origin relate to processes of integration and disintegration in the receiving society, with the aim of explaining the conflicts in norms. Research will be based on qualitative interviews with 40 young Russian Germans in Germany and 40 Jewish migrants from the former Soviet Union in Israel. They will include both interviews with juveniles in custody and with youth who show little or no deviant behavior. These interviews will be supplemented by interviews with experts in various fields. Comparison between Germany and Israel provides the opportunity to discover the influence of individual factors and context variables and combinations of these factors and variables, with a view to providing basic information for intervention programs.