Agent-based modeling

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Streamlining Simulation Experiments with Agent-Based Models in Demography

Authors Oliver Reinhardt, Jakub Bijak, Jason Hilton, ...
Year 2018
Journal Name JASSS-THE JOURNAL OF ARTIFICIAL SOCIETIES AND SOCIAL SIMULATION
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1 Journal Article

Towards social autonomous vehicles: Efficient collision avoidance scheme using Richardson's arms race model

Authors Faisal Riaz, Muaz A. Niazi
Year 2017
Journal Name PLOS ONE
Citations (WoS) 3
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2 Journal Article

Bayesian Agent-based Population Studies: Transforming Simulation Models of Human Migration

Year 2017
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Abstract
The aim of BAPS is to develop a ground-breaking simulation model of international migration, based on a population of intelligent, cognitive agents, their social networks and institutions, all interacting with one another. The project will transform the study of migration – one of the most uncertain population processes and a top-priority EU policy area – by offering a step change in the way it can be understood, predicted and managed. In this way, BAPS will effectively integrate behavioural and social theory with modelling. To develop micro-foundations for migration studies, model design will follow cutting-edge developments in demography, statistics, cognitive psychology and computer science. BAPS will also offer a pioneering environment for applying the findings in practice through a bespoke modelling language. Bayesian statistical principles will be used to design innovative computer experiments, and learn about modelling the simulated individuals and the way they make decisions. In BAPS, we will collate available information for migration models; build and test the simulations by applying experimental design principles to enhance our knowledge of migration processes; collect information on the underpinning decision-making mechanisms through psychological experiments; and design software for implementing Bayesian agent-based models in practice. The project will use various information sources to build models bottom-up, filling an important epistemological gap in demography. BAPS will be carried out by the Allianz European Demographer 2015, recognised as a leader in the field for methodological innovation, directing an interdisciplinary team with expertise in demography, agent-based models, statistical analysis of uncertainty, meta-cognition, and computer simulations. The project will open up exciting research possibilities beyond demography, and will generate both academic and practical impact, offering methodological advice for policy-relevant simulations.
3 Project

Climate shocks and migration: an agent-based modeling approach

Year 2016
Journal Name POPULATION AND ENVIRONMENT
Citations (WoS) 11
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4 Journal Article

Modeling Infectious Diseases in Dynamic Populations with Relocation and Refugeeism

Year 2018
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Abstract
The main purpose of this project is to create a realistic agent-based model to simulate the spread of infectious diseases such as measles, influenza, etc. in European and neighboring countries with their possibly under-vaccinated refugee populations. The model will be built upon two large-scale modeling platforms Framework for Reconstructing Epidemic Dynamics (FRED) and the Global Epidemic and Mobility Model (GLEAM). First we will create and curate realistic synthetic populations including residents and refugees by using various data sources such as Integrated Public-Use Microdata (IPUMS), Synthetic Populations and Ecosystems of the World (SPEW) for resident populations and World Health Organization, nongovernmental organizations, and country governments for refugees and relocated populations. Our model, with its forecasting capability of outbreaks, will help policy makers to mitigate outbreaks by assessing possible intervention mechanisms such as better handling refugees, vaccinations, school/workplace closures, antivirals, and social distancing methods. This project with its planned training program will help the researcher to transfer his knowledge in network modeling and analysis into a new field of large-scale agent-based modeling and simulation in a new institution in Turkey where there is a great need for these methods in public health.
5 Project

Agent-Based Models: Epistemological and Theoretical Contributions to Social Research

Authors Leonardo Gabriel Rodriguez Zoya, Pascal Roggero
Year 2015
Journal Name REVISTA MEXICANA DE CIENCIAS POLITICAS Y SOCIALES
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6 Journal Article

Comparing Agent-Based Computational Simulation Models in Cross-Cultural Research

Authors C Cioffi-Revilla
Year 2011
Journal Name CROSS-CULTURAL RESEARCH
Citations (WoS) 3
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7 Journal Article

Comparing Agent-Based Computational Simulation Models in Cross-Cultural Research

Authors C Cioffi-Revilla
Year 2011
Journal Name CROSS-CULTURAL RESEARCH
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8 Journal Article

Agent-based modelling of collective identity: testing constructivist theory

Authors IS Lustick
Year 2000
Journal Name JASSS-THE JOURNAL OF ARTIFICIAL SOCIETIES AND SOCIAL SIMULATION
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9 Journal Article

Human mobility and innovation spreading in ancient times: a stochastic agent-based simulation approach

Authors Natasa Djurdjevac Conrad, Christof Schuette, Luzie Helfmann, ...
Year 2018
Journal Name EPJ DATA SCIENCE
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10 Journal Article

Modelling migration futures: development and testing of the Rainfalls Agent-Based Migration Model - Tanzania

Authors Christopher D. Smith
Year 2014
Journal Name CLIMATE AND DEVELOPMENT
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11 Journal Article

Ethnic preferences and residential segregation: A commentary on outcomes from agent-based modeling

Authors WAV CLARK
Year 2006
Journal Name JOURNAL OF MATHEMATICAL SOCIOLOGY
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12 Journal Article

Modelling migration futures: development and testing of the Rainfalls Agent-Based Migration Model - Tanzania

Authors Christopher D. Smith
Year 2014
Journal Name CLIMATE AND DEVELOPMENT
Citations (WoS) 18
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13 Journal Article

Choosing the choice: Reflections on modelling decisions and behaviour in demographic agent-based models

Authors Jonathan Gray, Jakub Bijak, Jason Hilton
Year 2017
Journal Name POPULATION STUDIES-A JOURNAL OF DEMOGRAPHY
Citations (WoS) 1
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14 Journal Article

A Theoretical Agent-Based Model to simulate an Artificial Social Evolution

Authors Mohamed Nemiche, Ahmed M'Hamdi, Mohamed Chakraoui, ...
Year 2013
Journal Name SYSTEMS RESEARCH AND BEHAVIORAL SCIENCE
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15 Journal Article

Agent-Based Model Analysis of Impact of Immigration on Switzerland’s Social Security

Authors Marcello Marini, Marcello Marini, Ndaona Chokani, ...
Year 2018
Journal Name JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION AND INTEGRATION
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16 Journal Article

Which Negotiators Contribute to Community Formation? Analysis by Agent Based Model

Authors Shiro Horiuchi
Year 2011
Journal Name SOCIOLOGICAL THEORY AND METHODS
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17 Journal Article

Modelling and simulating decision processes of linked lives: An approach based on concurrent processes and stochastic race

Authors Tom Warnke, F Willekens, Adelinde M. Uhrmacher, ...
Year 2017
Journal Name POPULATION STUDIES-A JOURNAL OF DEMOGRAPHY
Citations (WoS) 5
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18 Journal Article

An agent-based model of ethnic mobilisation

Authors A Srbljinovic, D Penzar, P Rodik, ...
Year 2003
Journal Name JASSS-THE JOURNAL OF ARTIFICIAL SOCIETIES AND SOCIAL SIMULATION
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19 Journal Article

Modelling "Marriage Markets": A Population-Scale Implementation and Parameter Test

Authors Lyndon Walker, Peter Davis
Year 2013
Journal Name JASSS-THE JOURNAL OF ARTIFICIAL SOCIETIES AND SOCIAL SIMULATION
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21 Journal Article

Computational simulation as theoretical experiment

Authors Bruce Edmonds, D Hales
Year 2005
Journal Name JOURNAL OF MATHEMATICAL SOCIOLOGY
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23 Journal Article

The Escalation of Ethnonationalist Radicalization: Simulating the Effectiveness of Nationalist Ideologies

Authors Martin Neumann
Year 2014
Journal Name SOCIAL SCIENCE COMPUTER REVIEW
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24 Journal Article

Long-Term Orientation in Trade

Authors G Hofstede, , Catholijn M. Jonker, ...
Year 2008
Journal Name COMPLEXITY AND ARTIFICIAL MARKETS
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25 Journal Article

The Escalation of Ethnonationalist Radicalization: Simulating the Effectiveness of Nationalist Ideologies

Authors Martin Neumann
Year 2014
Journal Name SOCIAL SCIENCE COMPUTER REVIEW
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26 Journal Article

Cultural Differentiation of Negotiating Agents

Authors G Hofstede, Catholijn M. Jonker, Tim Verwaart
Year 2012
Journal Name GROUP DECISION AND NEGOTIATION
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27 Journal Article

Population model with immigration in continuous space

Authors Elena Chernousova, Ostap Hryniv, Stanislav Molchanov
Year 2019
Journal Name MATHEMATICAL POPULATION STUDIES
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28 Journal Article

Including preference and social distance dynamics in multi-factor theories of segregation

Authors M FOSSETT
Year 2006
Journal Name JOURNAL OF MATHEMATICAL SOCIOLOGY
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29 Journal Article

REsCape: an Agent-Based Framework for Modeling Resources, Ethnicity, and Conflict

Authors Ravi Bhavnani, D Miodownik, Jonas Nart
Year 2008
Journal Name JASSS-THE JOURNAL OF ARTIFICIAL SOCIETIES AND SOCIAL SIMULATION
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30 Journal Article

The Spread of Inequality

Authors Deborah S. Rogers, MW Feldman, Omkar Deshpande
Year 2011
Journal Name PLOS ONE
Citations (WoS) 9
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31 Journal Article

How Ethnic Exclusion Influences Rebellion and Leader Survival: A Simulation Approach

Authors Hyun Jin Choi
Year 2014
Journal Name SOCIAL SCIENCE COMPUTER REVIEW
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32 Journal Article

How Ethnic Exclusion Influences Rebellion and Leader Survival: A Simulation Approach

Authors Hyun Jin Choi
Year 2014
Journal Name SOCIAL SCIENCE COMPUTER REVIEW
Citations (WoS) 3
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33 Journal Article

Coupling Environmental and Social Processes to Simulate the Emergence of a Savannah Landscape Mosaic Under Shifting Cultivation and Assess its Sustainability

Authors Nicolas Becu, Marc Deconchat, Christine Raimond, ...
Year 2014
Journal Name JASSS-THE JOURNAL OF ARTIFICIAL SOCIETIES AND SOCIAL SIMULATION
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34 Journal Article

How Population Structure Shapes Neighborhood Segregation

Authors Elizabeth E. Bruch
Year 2014
Journal Name AMERICAN JOURNAL OF SOCIOLOGY
Citations (WoS) 19
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35 Journal Article

An Agent-Based Model of Status Construction in Task Focused Groups

Authors Andre Grow, Rafael Wittek, Andreas Flache
Year 2015
Journal Name JASSS-THE JOURNAL OF ARTIFICIAL SOCIETIES AND SOCIAL SIMULATION
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36 Journal Article

Ethnic/Cultural Conflicts and Patterns of Violence

Year 2010
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Abstract
In most quantitative studies, ethnic conflict is treated as an event affecting an entire ethnic group. These studies fail to take into account large variations in the intensity of violence across group members, the group’s territory and over time. The key innovation of this project is to analyze how ethnic violence is organized within a group, and how its application develops over space and time. In doing so, the project relies on spatial agent-based simulation to develop spatial-temporal models of ethnic group mobilization, both in a national and a transnational setting. These models operate on real-world geographies and make it possible to incorporate findings from qualitative research, thus yielding a conceptually rich representation of reality. Furthermore, the project employs spatial-temporal statistics to test the impact of the determinants of violence on a larger set of cases. The conceptual innovation of disaggregating ethnic groups combined with these two novel methods improves our understanding of the how ethnic violence occurs. Ultimately, this will contribute to the development of better policies directed at the mitigation or prevention of violence. The fellow will work at PRIO, one of the premier peace and conflict research institutes in the world by publication record, specifically at the Centre for the Study of Civil War (CSCW) whichi is a designated national Centre of Excellence. PRIO's reputation with international organizations and governments as a source of research-based expertise regarding conflict resolution and peacebuilding ensures dissemination of the project's results to the policy community.
37 Project

Discrimination Norms Enforced and Disrupted by Social Networks: A Research Program Using Simulation and Experiments

Year 2010
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Abstract
Recognizable traits (gender, ethnicity, hair color) often provide a basis for negative discrimination, even if there is no statistical basis for differentiation. Still, people act differently towards persons with different traits, as if they had different qualities, for instance with regard to work efficiency. This leads to severe conflicts if discrimination provokes prejudice and stigmatizing that in practice mostly target asymmetrically members of one, disadvantaged category. The proposed research program enriches existing theories about the emergence and maintenance of discrimination by a new perspective: it aims to model mechanisms based on social network relations and incorporates them into the explanations. It tries to find answers under which structural configurations discrimination practices are likely to occur and under which network conditions they can be best avoided. For answering these questions, innovative methodologies will be used: agent-based simulation and experiments. These techniques have only been used to a limited extent targeting the problem of discrimination, but offer a huge potential to extend our limited insight into social mechanisms that maintain discrimination practices. With the help of these methods, the proposed research tries to delineate conditions under which an endogenous breakdown of negative discrimination is promoted by social networks. Particular attention will be devoted to cases of fierce intergroup opposition, in which network segregation is aligned with negative discrimination. Results are expected to help forming efficient policies for fighting discrimination and segregation. The practical objectives of the application are to further develop the skills of the applicant in applying these methods with a help of leading experts, and to embed the research program in a multi-disciplinary environment, where important contributions can be expected from sociologists, economists, computer scientists, and historians.
38 Project

An Agent-Based Model of Rural Households' Adaptation to Climate Change

Authors Atesmachew Hailegiorgis, Andrew Crooks, C Cioffi-Revilla
Year 2018
Journal Name JASSS-THE JOURNAL OF ARTIFICIAL SOCIETIES AND SOCIAL SIMULATION
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40 Journal Article

Identifying the Location and Extent of Populations Trapped by Environmental Change in the Mekong Delta: An Agent-Based Modelling Approach

Year 2013
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Abstract
The UK Foresight Migration and Global Environmental Change Project recently concluded that migration is likely to be increasingly influenced by environmental change in the future through the impact of climate change on economic, social and political drivers. However, the range and complexity of the interactions between these drivers means that it will rarely be possible to distinguish individuals for whom environmental factors are the sole driver. In parallel, within debates about climate change adaptation there has been an emerging trend to position migration as an adaptation strategy to environmental shocks and stresses. However, migration is expensive, requiring a number of assets/capitals. This can result in some populations who experience the impacts of environmental change seeing a reduction in the very capital required to enable a move. Environmental change is therefore equally likely to make migration less possible as more probable. In the decades ahead, millions of people are thus likely to be unable to move away from locations in which they are extremely vulnerable to environmental change. To the international community, this ‘trapped’ population is likely to represent just as important a policy concern as those who do migrate. In determining the extent and location of these populations the non-ubiquity of migration within a community needs to be accounted for in order to separate those people who want to migrate but are unable to do so from those who are unwilling to migrate and instead choose to cope with livelihood stresses in alternative ways. This distinction requires a contextually driven analysis of the decision to migrate or stay. Such a focus on the migration decision is suited to an agent-based modelling approach which takes into account an individual’s intention to migrate, the influence of migration and non-migration behaviour of others and their perceived ability to migrate within a decision mediated by household and community-level factors.
41 Project

Bias and Efficiency in Structural Equation Modeling: Maximum Likelihood Versus Robust Methods

Authors Xiaoling Zhong, Ke-Hai Yuan
Year 2011
Journal Name MULTIVARIATE BEHAVIORAL RESEARCH
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42 Journal Article

How Ethnicity Influences Residential Distributions: An Agent-Based Simulation

Authors Itzhak Omer
Year 2005
Journal Name Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design
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43 Journal Article

Overlooked Implications of Ethnic Preferences for Residential Segregation in Agent-based Models

Year 2005
Journal Name URBAN STUDIES
Citations (WoS) 58
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44 Journal Article

Simulating Irrational Human Behavior to Prevent Resource Depletion

Authors Anna Sircova, Petter Holme, Fariba Karimi, ...
Year 2015
Journal Name PLOS ONE
Citations (WoS) 3
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45 Journal Article

Conference Models to Bridge Micro and Macro Studies of Science

Authors Matthew Francisco, Stasa Milojevic, Selma Sabanovic
Year 2011
Journal Name JASSS-THE JOURNAL OF ARTIFICIAL SOCIETIES AND SOCIAL SIMULATION
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46 Journal Article

Complexity of occupational health in the hospitality industry: Dynamic simulation modeling to advance immigrant worker health

Authors Sevil Sonmez, Yorghos Apostolopoulos, Michael Kenneth Lemke, ...
Year 2017
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HOSPITALITY MANAGEMENT
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47 Journal Article

The Schelling Model of Ethnic Residential Dynamics: Beyond the Integrated - Segregated Dichotomy of Patterns

Authors Erez Hatna, Itzhak Benenson
Year 2012
Journal Name JASSS-THE JOURNAL OF ARTIFICIAL SOCIETIES AND SOCIAL SIMULATION
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48 Journal Article

The number of undocumented immigrants in the United States: Estimates based on demographic modeling with data from 1990 to 2016

Authors Mohammad M. Fazel-Zarandi, EH Kaplan, Jonathan S. Feinstein
Year 2018
Journal Name PLOS ONE
Citations (WoS) 3
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49 Journal Article

Spatial housing economics: A survey

Authors Geoffrey Meen
Year 2016
Journal Name URBAN STUDIES
Citations (WoS) 7
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50 Journal Article

RSE-box: An analysis and modelling package to study response times to multiple signals

Authors Thomas U. Otto
Year 2019
Journal Name QUANTITATIVE METHODS FOR PSYCHOLOGY
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51 Journal Article

Ethnic preferences, social distance dynamics, and residential segregation: Theoretical explorations using simulation analysis

Authors M FOSSETT
Year 2006
Journal Name JOURNAL OF MATHEMATICAL SOCIOLOGY
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52 Journal Article

A macroeconometric disequilibrium analysis of current and future migration from Eastern Europe into West Germany

Authors Wolfgang Franz, Ursula Oser, Peter Winker
Year 1994
Journal Name JOURNAL OF POPULATION ECONOMICS
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53 Journal Article

Stochastic Forecasting of Labor Supply and Population: An Integrated Model

Authors Johann Fuchs, Doris Soehnlein, Brigitte Weber, ...
Year 2018
Journal Name POPULATION RESEARCH AND POLICY REVIEW
Citations (WoS) 3
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54 Journal Article

Advanced Finite Element Modeling of Arterial Stent Placement Procedures

Year 2015
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Abstract
Arterial stenting has become a very important and successful intervention in vascular surgery. One of the most common scenarios includes so-called stent grafts, which are usually composed of a special fabric and supported by a metal stent mesh. Such stent grafts are used in endovascular repair (EVAR) to support weak spots and localized bulges (aneurysms) in an artery being at risk of rupture, most commonly for abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA). The stent graft strengthens the weakened region of the arterial wall and excludes the AAA from blood flow and blood pressure. Over the last decade, an enormous thrust of research with regard to computational analysis of biomedical engineering problems in general, and with regard to hemodynamics, vascular mechanics and stent placement in particular has taken place. While significant progress has been made in all mentioned fields, computational analysis of stent placement using finite element methods (FEM) is still not predictive enough to give specific advice to vascular surgeons on how to optimally place the stent graft during EVAR. Instead, this decision is mostly based on the experience of the vascular surgeon. Risks of stent placement include a movement of the stent away from the desired location (migration), leaking of blood around stent grafts (endoleakage) and damage of the arterial wall caused by the stent itself. The main objective of the proposed research project is the development, implementation and validation of advanced FEM tools for stent placement simulation. The long-term vision is to be able to provide vascular surgeons with unprecedented predictive capabilities regarding the optimal choice of a patient-specific stent design (size, geometry, etc.) and stent positioning in order to safeguard against the risks mentioned above.
55 Project

Racial segregation and quality of care disparity in US nursing homes

Authors Momotazur Rahman, AD Foster
Year 2015
Journal Name JOURNAL OF HEALTH ECONOMICS
Citations (WoS) 16
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56 Journal Article

Diversity preferences among employees and ethnoracial workplace segregation

Authors Moa Bursell, Fredrik Jansson
Year 2018
Journal Name SOCIAL SCIENCE RESEARCH
Citations (WoS) 1
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57 Journal Article

Teacher's Role as an Agent of Socialization in Promoting Unity in School

Authors Yong Hie Hie, Ku Hasnita Ku Samsu, Zatul Himmah Adnan, ...
Year 2018
Journal Name AKADEMIKA
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58 Journal Article

Joint Advanced Severe accidents Modelling and Integration for Na-cooled fast neutron reactors

Year 2011
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Abstract
This project will support the ESNII (European Sustainable Nuclear Industrial Initiative) roadmap and the Strategic Research Agenda and the Deployment Strategy of SNETP (Sustainable Nuclear Energy Technology Platform) on the enhancement of Sodium-cooled Fast neutron Reactors (SFR) safety, especially towards a higher resistance to severe accidents. In the initiation phase of SFR core disruptive accidents, it is essential to investigate the impact of new core designs that may disperse core debris and minimize risks of core compaction. The available codes today have been developed in the 80’s. The objective is to develop a new European simulation code, ASTEC-Na, with improved physical models, accounting for results of recent LWR research, with modern software architecture and high flexibility to account for innovative reactor designs. It will be based on the ASTEC European code system, developed by IRSN and GRS for severe accidents in water-cooled reactors. This will allow to capitalize the state-of-the-art knowledge on SFR severe accidents. The code will evaluate the consequences of fuel pin failure conditions on materials relocation and primary system loads, and the source term produced by the migration inside the reactor of activated fission products and aerosols that may be released to the environment. The project will gather partners with strong experience on SFR safety and/or on ASTEC code. Specific SFR physical models will be developed, on the basis of outputs of the CP-ESFR FP7 project. After the elaboration of general specifications and of a validation matrix, the models will be developed, implemented into the code, validated vs. experiments (like past CABRI ones) and benchmarked with other codes. The further extension of ASTEC-Na to cover other parts of the SFR severe accidents (transition phase, fires) and to LFR will be investigated. An Education programme will include workshops as well as the secondment of young researchers in other organizations.
59 Project

Feasibility Study on the Use of Probabilistic Migration Modeling in Support of Exposure Assessment from Food Contact Materials

Authors Maria F. Pocas, Jorge C. Oliveira, Rainer Brandsch, ...
Year 2010
Journal Name RISK ANALYSIS
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60 Journal Article

Cosserat phase field modelling and simulation of viscoplasticity induced grain boundary migration and recrystallisation in metallic polycrystals

Year 2016
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Abstract
The microstructure evolution of metallic alloys undergoing thermomechanical loads involves strain hardening, dynamic recovery, recrystallisation and grain growth. Predicting such phenomena is crucial for the control and optimisation of the mechanical properties of final components. Phase field approaches are used to simulate the change in grain morphology, growth and coalescence induced by grain boundary and stored energies due to prior viscoplastic deformation. On the other hand, continuum crystal viscoplasticity theory is well-established for finite element simulations of the deformation of polycrystalline aggregates. Currently, phase field and crystal plasticity models are used separately or successively: the field of stored elastoplastic energy computed from the crystal plasticity model serves as the initial energy distribution in the phase field simulation of subsequent grain morphology evolution. The objective of the project is to strongly couple both approaches so as to simulate dynamic grain morphology evolution during deformation processes. Each theory, i.e. the phase field model and the continuum crystal plasticity approach, possesses an evolution equation for the crystal lattice orientation. An essential driving force for lattice rotation evolution is the orientation gradient, the lattice curvature, which is the primary constitutive variable of the Cosserat continuum theory. The Cosserat theory offers a unique way of reconciling both approaches. The results of finite element simulations based on this new theory will be compared to experimental results, namely lattice orientation maps and strain field measurements, available for aluminium and copper polycrystals. The proposed model is the missing link between the physical description of grain boundary motion and macroscopic recrystallisation models. Such a paradigm has not yet been proposed and will open new ways for the understanding of elementary recrystallisation mechanisms in polycrystals.
61 Project

Computation Orienting to One Category of Social Science Problems: Complexity Evolution of Population Values Shaping Process in Deep-seated Culture

Authors Jian Yun, Jiana Meng, Xiangdong Liu, ...
Year 2015
Journal Name ANTHROPOLOGIST
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62 Journal Article

Anxiety and motor performance: More evidence for the effectiveness of holistic process goals as a solution to the process goal paradox

Authors Richard Mullen, Lew Hardy, Eleri Sian Jones, ...
Year 2016
Journal Name PSYCHOLOGY OF SPORT AND EXERCISE
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63 Journal Article

Numerical characterization and simulation of the complex physics underpinning the Safe handling of Liquefied Natural Gas

Year 2014
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Abstract
The international commitment to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases has led to a dramatic increase in the use of natural gas (NG). This trend is expected to continue since NG is considered as a vital ally in the search for a sustainable energy future. As Europe is deficient in natural gas resource, the demands need to be met by growing import in the form of liquefied natural gas (LNG). The capacity of LNG to yield large volume of gas (a ration of 600:1 at standard temperature and pressure) has made it an extremely important component of the NG industry but also necessitates high safety standards in its handling. This has led to renewed interest in LNG safety from the energy security and reliability standpoint. The proposed IDP will focus on the numerical characterization and simulation of the complex physics underpinning the safe handling of LNG. The specific objectives of the research include: • To characterize different LNG release scenarios and develop robust source term models; • To gain insight of the complex physics in LNG/fuel cascades and flammable cloud formation, and develop robust predictive tools; • To develop a robust model for accurate prediction of rollover. • To develop modelling strategies for assessing the environmental impact of large LNG spill by coupling micro scale dispersion models with mesoscale atmospheric models; and • To develop and validate LES based predictive tools for large LNG pool fires. The predictive tools to be developed will be validated using published data as well as proprietary data from the private sector Associated Partners, and used to conduct parametric studies as well as safety case studies based on realistic LNG terminal layout. Six ESRs will be trained through the collective effort of well established academic staff (including some world leading professors) across 4 departments at the host in association with 6 Associated Partners including 4 from the private sector.
64 Project

Human migration and global environmental change: A vicious cycle?

Year 2016
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Abstract
"Who we are We are a junior research group co-funded by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) funding priority Social-Ecological Research (SÖF) and Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research (UFZ) aiming to understand the causalities between environmental change and human migration on the tropics. We are based at the Computational Landscape Ecology (CLE) Department at UFZ Leipzig, Germany. Our motivation In recent decades, millions of people worldwide are estimated to have migrated due to environmental change. This phenomenon is likely to increase even more, given the projected continuation of both environmental change and population growth. However, the close relationships between environmental factors and political, economic, and social factors driving migration make it challenging to understand the role of the environment in migration processes. Environmental pressure supports out-migration, whereas in-migration may affect the landscape at the migrant’s destination due to a possible overexploitation of local natural resources. As such, in-migration can potentially accelerate environmental change and even environmental degradation. Consequently, environmental change and migration can become enveloped in a vicious cycle, which has rarely been studied. Our aim Identify and explain spatial patterns of migration and environmental change, and Explore the causality between environmental change, population pressure, human migration, and environmental consequences of migration for drylands: a biome where both significant environmental changes and migration have been observed. Our approach We use an interdisciplinary approach that combines knowledge from multiple disciplines, including human geography, sociology, remote sensing, ecology, and climatology. Moreover, we apply a broad range of methods to obtain novel information regarding the environment-migration relationship at large spatial detail, including GIS-analyses, interviews, time-series analyses of environmental data, Agent-Based-Modelling and meta-analyses."
65 Project

Connectedness Problem Solving and Negotiation

Authors Melvin F. Shakun
Year 2009
Journal Name GROUP DECISION AND NEGOTIATION
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66 Journal Article

INCOME TAXATION AND THE SUPPLY OF LABOR IN WEST-GERMANY - A MICROECONOMETRIC ANALYSIS WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO THE WEST-GERMAN INCOME-TAX REFORMS 1986-1990

Authors H KAISER, U VANESSEN, PB SPAHN
Year 1992
Journal Name JAHRBUCHER FUR NATIONALOKONOMIE UND STATISTIK
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67 Journal Article

A note on mutually beneficial exchange and discrimination

Authors Thomas K. Duncan, Daniel Farhat
Year 2019
Journal Name CONFLICT RESOLUTION QUARTERLY
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68 Journal Article

Urban growth in China: past, prospect, and its impacts

Authors G.-Y. Cao, G. Chen, L.-H. Pang, ...
Year 2012
Journal Name POPULATION AND ENVIRONMENT
Citations (WoS) 14
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69 Journal Article

The multi-state latent factor intensity model for credit rating transitions

Authors Siem Jan Koopman, Andre Lucas, Andre Monteiro
Year 2008
Journal Name JOURNAL OF ECONOMETRICS
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70 Journal Article

Short Reviews

Authors John Bongaarts, John B. Casterline, Susan Greenhalgh, ...
Year 2003
Journal Name POPULATION AND DEVELOPMENT REVIEW
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72 Journal Article

Information support system for regional human resource development

Authors Aleksandr V. Mamatov, Igor S. Konstantinov, Aleksandra L. Mashkova, ...
Year 2018
Journal Name AMAZONIA INVESTIGA
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73 Journal Article

Verified Exascale Computing for Multiscale Applications

Year 2018
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Abstract
The purpose of this proposal is to enable a diverse set of multiscale, multiphysics applications -- from fusion and advanced materials through climate and migration, to drug discovery and the sharp end of clinical decision making in personalised medicine -- to run on current multi-petascale computers and emerging exascale environments with high fidelity such that their output is 'actionable'. That is, the calculations and simulations are certifiable as validated (V), verified (V) and equipped with uncertainty quantification (UQ) by tight error bars such that they may be relied upon for making important decisions in all the domains of concern. The central deliverable will be an open source toolkit for multiscale VVUQ based on generic multiscale VV and UQ primitives, to be released in stages over the lifetime of this project, fully tested and evaluated in emerging exascale environments, actively promoted over the lifetime of this project, and made widely available in European HPC centres. The project includes a fast track that will ensure applications are able to apply available multiscale VVUQ tools as soon as possible, while guiding the deep track development of new capabilities and their integration into a wider set of production applications by the end of the project. The deep track includes the development of more disruptive and automated algorithms, and their exascale-aware implementation in a more intrusive way with respect to the underlying and pre-existing multiscale modelling and simulation schemes. The potential impact of these certified multiscale simulations is enormous, and so we aim to promote the VVUQ toolkit across a wide range of scientific and social scientific domains, as well as within computational science more broadly. Scientific excellence and outreach will be overseen by a Scientific Advisory Board, while exploitation, including economic and societal impact, will be assisted by the project’s Innovation Advisory Board.
74 Project

Dynamic model for population distribution and optimum immigration and job creation policies

Authors N. U. Ahmed, Yongjuan He
Year 2004
Journal Name Canadian Studies in Population
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75 Journal Article

Where the rain falls: Evidence from 8 countries on how vulnerable households use migration to manage the risk of rainfall variability and food insecurity

Authors Koko Warner, Tamer Afifi
Year 2014
Journal Name CLIMATE AND DEVELOPMENT
Citations (WoS) 68
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76 Journal Article

Using Artificial Societies to Understand the Impact of Teacher Student Match on Academic Performance: The Case of Same Race Effects

Authors Guillermo Montes
Year 2012
Journal Name JASSS-THE JOURNAL OF ARTIFICIAL SOCIETIES AND SOCIAL SIMULATION
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77 Journal Article

Mixture Simultaneous Factor Analysis for Capturing Differences in Latent Variables Between Higher Level Units of Multilevel Data

Authors Kim De Roover, JK Vermunt, Marieke E. Timmerman, ...
Year 2017
Journal Name STRUCTURAL EQUATION MODELING-A MULTIDISCIPLINARY JOURNAL
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78 Journal Article

A Race Model for Responses and Response Times in Tests

Authors Jochen Ranger, Joerg-Tobias Kuhn, Jose-Luis Gaviria
Year 2015
Journal Name PSYCHOMETRIKA
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79 Journal Article

Group Segregation and Urban Violence

Authors Ravi Bhavnani, D Miodownik, Dirk Helbing, ...
Year 2014
Journal Name AMERICAN JOURNAL OF POLITICAL SCIENCE
Citations (WoS) 21
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80 Journal Article

Assortative mating and the evolution of desirability covariation

Year 2019
Journal Name EVOLUTION AND HUMAN BEHAVIOR
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81 Journal Article

Analysis of culture in the paradigm of systems theory

Authors Polina Gerchanivska
Year 2017
Journal Name NATIONAL ACADEMY OF MANAGERIAL STAFF OF CULTURE AND ARTS HERALD
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82 Journal Article

Friendship and Identity in School

Year 2008
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Abstract
This project aims to study the mechanisms underlying the formation of and changes in adolescents’ social networks and their ethnic identifications. As a first step, based on previous research, we developed and tested a measurement of ethnic identification for students aged 11–16, which is now available at ZIS (GESIS). In a second step, we used this measurement in a panel-survey comprising more than 2,000 students of the 5th, 6th, and 7th grades from schools in North Rhine-Westphalia. In terms of data collection, our study has two special features. First, at the school level, we interview all students in each of the three grades. Hence, we consider the students’ networks not only at the classroom but also at the grade level. Second, so far the students were interviewed at three time points, namely in April/May 2013, in January/February 2014, and in October/November 2014. We intend to extend the study to include further time points. The collected network panel data will help us to investigate the causal interplay between social networks and ethnic identifications. Specifically, we apply stochastic, agent-based models for the co-evolution of networks and behaviour that have so far been rarely used in migration research.
83 Project

Tourists' acceptance of Euro pricing: conjoint measurement with random coefficients

Authors JA Mazanec
Year 2002
Journal Name TOURISM MANAGEMENT
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84 Journal Article

Accounting for peoples' preferences in establishing new cities: A spatial model of population migration in Kuwait

Authors Nayef Alghais, David Pullar, Elin Charles-Edwards
Year 2018
Journal Name PLOS ONE
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85 Journal Article

A liberal theory of asylum

Authors Andy Lamey
Year 2012
Journal Name POLITICS PHILOSOPHY & ECONOMICS
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86 Journal Article

Return Migration After Brain Drain: A Simulation Approach

Authors Alessio Emanuele Biondo, Alessandro Pluchino, Andrea Rapisarda
Year 2013
Journal Name JASSS-THE JOURNAL OF ARTIFICIAL SOCIETIES AND SOCIAL SIMULATION
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87 Journal Article

Path Dependency and Adaptation: The Effects of Policy on Migration Systems

Authors Miranda Simon
Year 2019
Journal Name JASSS-THE JOURNAL OF ARTIFICIAL SOCIETIES AND SOCIAL SIMULATION
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88 Journal Article

The Lemon Car Game Across Cultures: Evidence of Relational Rationality

Authors Gert Jan Hofstede, Catholijn M. Jonker, Tim Verwaart, ...
Year 2019
Journal Name GROUP DECISION AND NEGOTIATION
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89 Journal Article

Mobilization, Flexibility of Identity, and Ethnic Cleavage

Authors Kazuya Yamamoto
Year 2015
Journal Name JASSS-THE JOURNAL OF ARTIFICIAL SOCIETIES AND SOCIAL SIMULATION
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90 Journal Article

A multilevel modelling approach to measuring changing patterns of ethnic composition and segregation among London secondary schools, 2001-2010

Authors George Leckie, Harvey Goldstein
Year 2015
Journal Name JOURNAL OF THE ROYAL STATISTICAL SOCIETY SERIES A-STATISTICS IN SOCIETY
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91 Journal Article

Projected Demographic Profile of People Living with HIV in Australia: Planning for an Older Generation

Authors James Jansson, David P. Wilson
Year 2012
Journal Name PLOS ONE
Citations (WoS) 26
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92 Journal Article

How, When and Where Can Spatial Segregation Induce Opinion Polarization? Two Competing Models

Authors Thomas Feliciani, Jochem Tolsma, Andreas Flache
Year 2017
Journal Name JASSS-THE JOURNAL OF ARTIFICIAL SOCIETIES AND SOCIAL SIMULATION
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93 Journal Article

Is cooperation viable in mobile organisms? Simple Walk Away rule favors the evolution of cooperation in groups

Authors C. Athena Aktipis
Year 2011
Journal Name EVOLUTION AND HUMAN BEHAVIOR
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94 Journal Article

A Stochastic Simulator of a Blood Product Donation Environment with Demand Spikes and Supply Shocks

Authors Ming-Wen An, Kenrad E. Nelson, TA Louis, ...
Year 2011
Journal Name PLOS ONE
Citations (WoS) 3
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95 Journal Article

Random-effects models for migration attractivity and retentivity: a Bayesian methodology

Authors P Congdon
Year 2010
Journal Name JOURNAL OF THE ROYAL STATISTICAL SOCIETY SERIES A-STATISTICS IN SOCIETY
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96 Journal Article

MOdel based coNtrol framework for Site-wide OptmizatiON of data-intensive processes

Year 2016
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Abstract
The MONSOON vision is to provide Process Industries with dependable tools to help achieving improvements in the efficient use and re-use of raw resources and energy. MONSOON aims at establishing a data-driven methodology supporting the exploitation of optimization potentials by applying multi-scale model based predictive controls in production processes. MONSOON features harmonized site-wide dynamic models and builds upon the concept of the cross-sectorial data lab, a collaborative environment where high amounts of data from multiple sites are collected and processed in a scalable way. The data lab enables multidisciplinary collaboration of experts allowing teams to jointly model, develop and evaluate distributed controls in rapid and cost-effective way. Hybrid simulation and seamless integration techniques are adopted for rapid prototyping and deployment in real conditions. MONSOON will be developed and evaluated in two sites from the aluminium and plastics domains. The aluminium scenario will be focused on predictive monitoring of potlines, targeting early detection of anomalies and identification of potential optimization gains. Aluminium cases will be implemented in the plant with the highest primary aluminium production in the EU-28, namely the AP Dunkerque smelter, France. The plastics scenario will focus on fusing data from data-intensive in-mould sensors with information from higher SCADA levels, enabling early and precise identification of potential issues. This use case will be implemented in the GLN plant in Maceira-Leiria. MONSOON addresses the SPIRE vision, providing advantages for the European industry competitiveness and sustainability through the realization of an overarching monitoring and control infrastructure. MONSOON aims at creating synergies within and between the process industry sectors, boosting European industry in the worldwide race for competitiveness and sustainability.
97 Project

Revisiting the demand for money function: evidence from the random coefficients approach

Authors Chien-Chiang Lee, An-Hsing Chang
Year 2013
Journal Name QUANTITATIVE FINANCE
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98 Journal Article

The Evolution of Tribalism: A Social-Ecological Model of Cooperation and Inter-group Conflict under Pastoralism

Authors Nicholas A. Seltzer
Year 2019
Journal Name JASSS-THE JOURNAL OF ARTIFICIAL SOCIETIES AND SOCIAL SIMULATION
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99 Journal Article

Chagas disease in Texas: Recognizing the significance and implications of evidence in the literature

Authors Elaine Jennifer Hanford, Yongmei Lu, F. Benjamin Zhan, ...
Year 2007
Journal Name SOCIAL SCIENCE & MEDICINE
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100 Journal Article
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