Migration drivers

Migration drivers are structural elements that have the potential to facilitate, enable, constrain, or trigger migration. Migration drivers might increase or decrease the salience of migration, the likelihood of certain migration routes, and the desirability of different destinations. The term  is more encompassing than ‘migration determinants’ or ‘root causes’ of migration, which generally ignore human agency in the decision to migrate and assume a deterministic and causal relationship between one or more structural factors and migration. Migration drivers, however, affect migration directly but also, and most importantly, indirectly and in combination with other migration drivers, in complex migration driver configurations. While the migration driver environment might be the same for two individuals, different migration drivers affect them differently depending on individual characteristics. 

Nine  migration driver dimensions (demographic, economic, environmental, human development, individual, politico-institutional, security, socio-cultural, and supranational) and 24 migration driving factors. The circumstances, the ways and modes, and the extent to which a set of driving factors may influence migration (decision-making) processes are dependent on the functionality of migration drivers, which is a central aspect in understanding the specific role single or combinations of migration driver may play in migration. Further, a distinction can be made between predisposing, mediating, proximate, and triggering migration drivers. Beyond the degree of immediacy, drivers of migration can also be characterised and categorised by their temporality, elasticity, selectivity, and geography. 

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Push-pull plus: reconsidering the drivers of migration

Authors Nicholas Van Hear, Katy Long, Oliver Bakewell
Year 2018
Journal Name JOURNAL OF ETHNIC AND MIGRATION STUDIES
Citations (WoS) 8
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2 Journal Article

Is the push-pull paradigm useful to explain rural-urban migration? A case study in Uttarakhand, India

Authors Ellen M. Hoffmann, Verena Konerding, Sunil Nautiyal, ...
Year 2019
Journal Name PLOS ONE
Citations (WoS) 1
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3 Journal Article

Is it Push or Pull? Recent Evidence from Migration into Bangalore, India

Authors Kala Seetharam Sridhar, A. Venugopala Reddy, Pavan Srinath
Year 2012
Journal Name JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION AND INTEGRATION
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4 Journal Article

Luanda - Holanda: Irregular Migration from Angola to the Netherlands

Authors Joris van Wijk
Year 2010
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
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5 Journal Article

Examining the Global North Migration Policies: A "Push Out - Push Back" Approach to Forced Migration

Authors Witold Klaus, Marta Pachocka
Year 2019
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
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6 Journal Article

Labor migration among elite sport coaches: An exploratory study

Authors Johannes Orlowski, Pamela Wicker, Christoph Breuer
Year 2018
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL REVIEW FOR THE SOCIOLOGY OF SPORT
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7 Journal Article

Modeling for Determinants of Human Trafficking: An Empirical Analysis

Authors Seo-Young Cho
Year 2015
Journal Name SOCIAL INCLUSION
Citations (WoS) 13
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8 Journal Article

Coach migration in German high performance sport

Authors Pamela Wicker, Christoph Breuer, Johannes Orlowski
Year 2018
Journal Name EUROPEAN SPORT MANAGEMENT QUARTERLY
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9 Journal Article

Gender Relations in Family-Farm Agriculture and Rural-Urban Migration in Brazil

Authors Anita Brumer
Year 2008
Journal Name LATIN AMERICAN PERSPECTIVES
Citations (WoS) 8
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10 Journal Article

Modeling for Determinants of Human Trafficking: An Empirical Analysis

Authors Seo-Young Cho
Year 2015
Journal Name SOCIAL INCLUSION
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11 Journal Article

Gender Relations in Family-Farm Agriculture and Rural-Urban Migration in Brazil

Authors Anita Brumer
Year 2008
Journal Name LATIN AMERICAN PERSPECTIVES
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12 Journal Article

Mexican mass labor migration in a not-so changing political economy

Authors Armando Ibarra, Alfredo Carlos
Year 2015
Journal Name ETHNICITIES
Citations (WoS) 1
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13 Journal Article

Human migration and the environment

Authors Susana B. Adamo, Haydea Izazola
Year 2010
Journal Name POPULATION AND ENVIRONMENT
Citations (WoS) 20
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14 Journal Article

TEMPORARY MIGRATION AND THE INSTITUTIONALIZATION OF STRATEGY

Authors Gary G. Hamilton
Year 1985
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF INTERCULTURAL RELATIONS
Citations (WoS) 7
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15 Journal Article

Connectivity as the facilitator of intra-European student migration

Authors Balaz, Allan Williams, Martina Chrancokova
Year 2018
Journal Name POPULATION SPACE AND PLACE
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16 Journal Article

Shifts in Intergenerational Mobility of Indian Immigrant Entrepreneurs

Authors Meena Chavan, Lucy Taksa
Year 2017
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
Citations (WoS) 1
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17 Journal Article

Japanese-Brazilians and the Future of Brazilian Migration to Japan

Authors DJ McKenzie, Alejandrina Salcedo
Year 2014
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
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18 Journal Article

Shifts in Intergenerational Mobility of Indian Immigrant Entrepreneurs

Authors Meena Chavan, Lucy Taksa
Year 2017
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
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19 Journal Article

Interstate migration of the US poverty population: Immigration “pushes” and welfare magnet “pulls”

Authors William H. Frey, Kao-Lee Liaw, Yu Xie, ...
Year 1996
Journal Name POPULATION AND ENVIRONMENT
Citations (WoS) 31
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20 Journal Article

Measures to Support Early-Stage Migrant Entrepreneurs

Authors Giacomo Solano, Alexander Wolffhardt, Aldo Xhani, ...
Year 2019
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Abstract
Migrant entrepreneurship has received increasing attention from policy makers, stakeholders and scholars. In both the Action Plan for the integration of third country nationals and the 2020 Entrepreneurship Action Plan, the European Commission emphasises that entrepreneurship represents an alternative form of decent and sustainable employment for migrants. This also follows recent academic and non-academic studies on the topic (European Commission, 2016; Rath, Solano and Schutjens, 2019). There are at least four reasons why policies and measures should focus on supporting migrant entrepreneurs, especially in early stages of the business: • Self-employment represents a way towards empowerment. Although it cannot be taken for granted that self-employment provides migrants with a higher income in comparison to those who opted for a salaried employment (see Bradley, 2004), self-employment represents a way to tackle unemployment, and underemployment - professional downgrading and employment in poorly paid, dangerous and demanding jobs (Rath, Solano and Schutjens, 2019). Furthermore, through migrant entrepreneurship, migrants can improve their social status in the receiving society (Allen and Busse, 2016; Basu, 2001; Solano, 2015). • The impact of migrant entrepreneurship goes way beyond the benefits for the individual entrepreneur. In quantifiable terms, the number of firms, the employment creation, the volume in trade and sales are increasing, something that may benefit the economy in general (Desiderio, 2014). Migrant entrepreneurs also bring about qualitative economic and market changes that result in relatively new products and processes. They gravitate to particular neighborhoods or areas, thereby creating interesting places for leisure and consumption and revitalizing these areas (see, Aytar and Rath, 2012). • A relevant number of migrants starts a business. While many international migrants are economically active as wage workers (i.e., employees), a small but significant number has chosen or would like to start a business. About 13 per cent of all foreign-born migrants in OECD countries are selfemployed (OECD, 2010 and 2013). The same happens for the EU28 countries, in which around the 12% of foreign population is self-employed (Eurostat, 2017). In many countries the rate of self-employment among migrants is higher than the one of natives (Eurostat, 2017; OECD, 2010 and 2013). • Migrant-owned business are likely to fail and to be in low-profitable sectors. Despite self-employment and entrepreneurship represent a promising alternative option for migrants to access the labour market, they need to be adequately supported by policies and initiatives. In fact, migrant enterprises have higher failure rates than nativeowned ones and tend to concentrate in low-profitable sectors (e.g., petty trade) with no possibilities of growth (Desiderio and Mestres 2011; OECD, 2010; Rath and Schutjens, 2016). The difficulties that migrant entrepreneurs have in running the business is due to some specific obstacles that migrants – and, more in general, vulnerable groups -face when they want to start a business. The obstacles are well-known and there is an extensive literature on this (Desiderio, 2014; Rath and Swagerman, 2016): • they have difficulties in accessing credit, especially for financial institutions. As they often lack collaterals (e.g., they do not own a house), financial institutions are likely to deny credit to them. Consequently, migrant entrepreneurs normally receive small loans from relatives, friends and other migrants. This hampers the possibility of entering in sectors that requires a relevant starting capital, which are normally more profitable. • migrant entrepreneurs have difficulties to deal with the bureaucracy of the host country. They have difficulties in understanding all the administrative steps to start the business. • they (often) lack of familiarity with the (business) environment and the market where they start the business. Having only limited knowledge of the context of the destination country – with often information received from other migrants – tunnels them towards ethnic and/or not profitable markets. • a limited personal network, which is often composed of other migrants, does not help in dealing with bureaucracy or accessing information on potential unexplored market – as other migrants have often limited information as well. In conclusion, migrant entrepreneurship may represent an alternative way to access the labour market of the host | 2 country. However, migrant entrepreneurship often results in low-profitable highly-demanding micro businesses, which do not represent a decent form of employment. This is because of the barriers that migrants face when it comes to start a business. Migrant entrepreneurship needs to be supported to become an alternative form of decent employment. Policy makers and support providers (e.g. public employment services, NGOs, microcredit institutions) often face many obstacles in the design and implementation of support policies for migrant entrepreneurs. This handbook is addressed to policy makers in the field and support providers and aims at summarizing the main kinds of support that can be provided to migrant entrepreneurs and the factors for successful support measures. In doing this, we present some good practices.
21 Report

Japanese-Brazilians and the Future of Brazilian Migration to Japan

Authors DJ McKenzie, Alejandrina Salcedo
Year 2014
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
Citations (WoS) 3
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22 Journal Article

North-South Migration in Ghana: What Role for the Environment?

Authors Kees van der Geest, Kees van der Geest
Year 2011
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
Citations (WoS) 54
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23 Journal Article

Why are you draining your brain? Factors underlying decisions of graduating Lebanese medical students to migrate

Authors Elie A. Akl, Holger Schunemann, Nancy Maroun, ...
Year 2007
Journal Name SOCIAL SCIENCE & MEDICINE
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24 Journal Article

Migration stock and the issue of competing and complementary flows in United States interstate migration

Authors Ardeshir Anjomani, Vida Hariri
Year 1992
Journal Name JOURNAL OF POPULATION ECONOMICS
Citations (WoS) 4
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25 Journal Article

THE FUTURE OF IMMIGRANT INCORPORATION - WHICH MODELS - WHICH CONCEPTS

Authors BS Heisler
Year 1992
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION REVIEW
Citations (WoS) 24
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26 Journal Article

TEMPORARY MIGRATION AND THE INSTITUTIONALIZATION OF STRATEGY

Authors Gary G. Hamilton
Year 1985
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF INTERCULTURAL RELATIONS
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27 Journal Article

The determinants of internal mobility in Italy, 1995-2006: A comparison of Italians and resident foreigners

Authors Giuseppe Ricciardo Lamonica, B Zagaglia
Year 2013
Journal Name DEMOGRAPHIC RESEARCH
Citations (WoS) 8
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28 Journal Article

Political instability and illegal immigration

Authors JoseEdgardoL. Campos, Donald Lien
Year 1995
Journal Name JOURNAL OF POPULATION ECONOMICS
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29 Journal Article

Migration Motives of University Students: An Empirical Research

Authors Djula Borozan, Ivana Barkovic Bojanic
Year 2015
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
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30 Journal Article

International students' post-graduation migration plans and the search for home

Authors Cary Wu, Rima Wilkes
Year 2017
Journal Name GEOFORUM
Citations (WoS) 5
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31 Journal Article

Impact of Economic Labour Migration: A Qualitative Exploration of Left-Behind Family Member Perspectives in Sri Lanka

Authors Chesmal Siriwardhana, Tine Van Bortel, Kolitha Wickramage, ...
Year 2015
Journal Name JOURNAL OF IMMIGRANT AND MINORITY HEALTH
Citations (WoS) 7
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32 Journal Article

Impact of Economic Labour Migration: A Qualitative Exploration of Left-Behind Family Member Perspectives in Sri Lanka

Authors Chesmal Siriwardhana, Tine Van Bortel, Kolitha Wickramage, ...
Year 2015
Journal Name JOURNAL OF IMMIGRANT AND MINORITY HEALTH
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33 Journal Article

The Emerging Migration State1

Year 2006
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION REVIEW
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34 Journal Article

Migration Motives of University Students: An Empirical Research

Authors Djula Borozan, Ivana Barkovic Bojanic
Year 2015
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
Citations (WoS) 3
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35 Journal Article

The Socio-economic Contribution of African Migrants to their Home and Host Countries: The Case of Ghanaian Residents in Flanders, Belgium

Authors Emmanuel Boon, Albert Ahenkan
Year 2011
Journal Name JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION AND INTEGRATION
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36 Journal Article

Evaluating Impact: Lessons Learned from Robust Evaluations of Labour Market Integration Policies

Authors Özge Bilgili, Barcelona Centre for International Affairs (CIDOB), Migration Policy Group (MPG)
Year 2015
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37 Report

The flight of physicians from West Africa: Views of African physicians and implications for policy

Authors A Hagopian, Richard Berko Biritwum, A Ofosu, ...
Year 2005
Journal Name SOCIAL SCIENCE & MEDICINE
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38 Journal Article

REVERSING THE BRAIN-DRAIN FROM EASTERN-EUROPEAN COUNTRIES - THE PUSH AND PULL FACTORS

Authors ES VIZI
Year 1993
Journal Name TECHNOLOGY IN SOCIETY
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39 Journal Article

The emerging migration state

Authors JF Hollifield
Year 2004
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION REVIEW
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40 Journal Article

The increasing use of detention of asylum seekers and irregular migrants in the EU

Authors Carmine Conte, Valentina Savazzi, Migration Policy Group (MPG)
Year 2019
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41 Policy Brief

New Europe, new chances? The migration of professional footballers to Poland's Ekstraklasa

Authors Richard Elliott
Year 2013
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL REVIEW FOR THE SOCIOLOGY OF SPORT
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42 Journal Article

Regulating Movement of the Very Mobile: Selected Legal and Policy Aspects of Ukrainian Migration to EU Countries

Authors Monika Szulecka
Book Title Ukrainian Migration to the European Union
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43 Book Chapter

Immigration Policies and the Factors of Migration from Developing Countries to South Korea: An Empirical Analysis

Authors Ador R. Torneo
Year 2016
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
Citations (WoS) 4
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44 Journal Article

International migration of health professionals and the marketization and privatization of health education in India: From push–pull to global political economy

Authors Margaret Walton-Roberts, M Walton-Roberts
Year 2015
Journal Name SOCIAL SCIENCE & MEDICINE
Citations (WoS) 25
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45 Journal Article

Immigration Policies and the Factors of Migration from Developing Countries to South Korea: An Empirical Analysis

Authors Ador R. Torneo
Year 2016
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
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46 Journal Article

Transnational service provision in long-term care in Western and Eastern Europe

Year 2018
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Abstract
"Long-term care systems are among the most recent expansions in Western welfare states. They aim at ensuring the provision of long-term care (LTC), which constitutes an expensive, personal social service and, due to predominantly female labour migration, creates transnational interdependencies. Western welfare states can be distinguished according to the extent to which their care policies and the care systems created by them support formal, informal or familial care and to what extent they recruit (predominantly female) domestic and/or migrant labour. On the other hand, the migration of care workers generates not only financial returns in the countries of origin but also familial care gaps and a shortage of qualified labour (""care drain""). This gives rise to new challenges for social policy which include drawing migrants from other countries and the creation of ""care chains"". In Europe, the migratory interdependencies relevant to social policy are primarily East-West internal migration, in South-East Asia they manifest themselves in terms of regional migration and South-North migration. Project B07 describes the introduction and expansion of long-term care with regard to service provision in selected countries and explains this process by considering the national constellation and transnational interdependencies produced by migration. In doing so we go beyond previous research in two respects: to explain country-specific arrangements of national long-term care policies and their characteristic ""care mixes"" we consider, firstly, for each national constellation the interrelations between long-term care policy and the policy areas of family, employment, education and training, and examine to what extent the profile of long-term care policy assumes and ensures the availability of labour for care activities. Secondly, in the analysis of the transnational migration of care workers we not only investigate the situation in the destination country but also in the countries of origin. In doing so, we can ascertain the pull and push factors for migration and include the socio-political effects of the care drain and the brain drain in the countries of origin. During the first phase, transnational interdependencies in Europe are investigated. With Germany, Italy and Sweden the choice of cases covers three West European countries with very different care systems and gender arrangements. We then selected Poland, Romania and Ukraine as three East European countries of origin that are integrated into the EU to varying degrees and in which care migration has very different effects on the emergence of further East-East migration. In the second phase of the CRC, the project will investigate to what degree the interdependencies arising through migration (beyond the maintenance of particular care systems in Western destination countries) have also led to a delayed development of corresponding systems in the Central and Eastern European countries of origin. In addition to the transregional dynamics in Europe, the LTC systems and mobility of care workers in South-East Asia will be investigated as well as the hitherto somewhat limited North-South mobility of people in need of care."
47 Project

Environmental Change and Migration Between Europe and Its Neighbours

Authors Sophia Burke, Mark Mulligan, Caitlin Douglas
Book Title People on the Move in a Changing Climate
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48 Book Chapter

Image of Immigrants in Media: Thought- provoking Effects

Year 2016
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Abstract
Governments, news media and public opinion in Europe are increasingly preoccupied with refugees seeking access to Western Europe. Public opinion is split (if not negative) and generally un- or misinformed (amalgamation across ‘groups’ being one of the problems), and integration policies cannot respond to the needs (see cross-country MIPEX results). This project aims to investigate the dynamic interplay between media representations of the current non-EU immigrant situation with a specific emphasis on the refugee situation on the one hand and the governmental and societal (re)actions on the other. The IM²MEDIATE project combines four complementary multi-stakeholder group perspectives: 1. Analysis of news media content and journalism culture. 2. Study of societal reactions of the general public. 3. Study of push/pull factors in migration from a refugee perspective. 4. Policy analysis into national governmental (re)actions. It is the project’s ultimate goal to inventory the multiple public, policy and media voices heard in Belgium on this crucial issue, while learning from practices abroad (with a focus on Sweden), and to formulate recommendations towards a more encouraging integration policy, while lowering anti-immigration and anti-refugee sentiment.
49 Project

Temporary Migration Programmes: the Cause or Antidote of Migrant Worker Exploitation in UK Agriculture

Authors Erica Consterdine, Sahizer Samuk
Year 2018
Journal Name JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION AND INTEGRATION
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50 Journal Article

Temporary Migration Programmes: the Cause or Antidote of Migrant Worker Exploitation in UK Agriculture

Authors Erica Consterdine, Sahizer Samuk
Year 2018
Journal Name JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION AND INTEGRATION
Citations (WoS) 1
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51 Journal Article

The Dynamics between Integration Policies and Outcomes: a Synthesis of the Literature

Authors Özge Bilgili, Thomas Huddleston, Anne-Linde Joki, ...
Year 2015
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Abstract
This paper reviews the comparative multi-level quantitative research on the links between integration policies, the integration situation of immigrants and a wide range of individual and contextual factors. Twenty-one reviewed studies and additional supporting articles indicate that a number of individual and contextual variables explain most of the variation between countries in terms of immigrants’ labour market integration, educational attainment, naturalisation and political participation. Thanks to the use of MIPEX and similar indices, some evidence is emerging that certain integration policies can be related to the specific integration outcomes that they aim to address. So far, only certain general and targeted employment policies can be directly associated with better labour market outcomes for immigrants and a lower incidence of employment discrimination. More indirectly, facilitating naturalisation, a secure residence and a secure family life seems to have positive effects on boosting labour market outcomes for certain immigrants. In the area of employment, studies rarely focus on a specific policy or properly match it to its specific intended target group and outcome. In the area of education, the inclusiveness of the school and education system seems to matter most for immigrant and non-immigrant pupils. Although targeted immigrant education policies adopted at national level do not display consistent results across countries in terms of pupils’ tests scores, most studies conclude that inclusive schools and education systems are more successful when they also target the specific needs of immigrant pupils. Several studies on the acquisition of nationality find that naturalisation policies are perhaps the strongest determinant of the naturalisation rates for immigrants from developing countries. Further research can explore which specific elements of naturalisation policies most help or hinder naturalisation. The few studies on political participation find that targeted policies and the acquisition of nationality may boost participation rates for certain immigrant groups. The fact that studies find no link between the general integration policy (i.e. MIPEX overall score) and a specific labour market outcome (i.e. employment rates for foreign-born) does mean that no causal relationship exist between integration policies and outcomes across countries. Considering that this multi-level research is still in infancy, studies have great room for improvement in terms of their use of databases and methodological tools. A more robust methodological approach using new international datasets can better explore the nuanced links between policies and societal outcomes. Future research needs to pay greater attention to linking a specific integration policy with its actual target group and target outcomes. Studies must also take into account time-sensitive contextual factors and general policies. International surveys can improve their measurement of integration policy outcomes in terms of longterm residence, family reunification, anti-discrimination, language learning, and, to some extent, political participation.
52 Report

Labour mobility and regional disparities: the role of female labour participation

Authors Sjef Ederveen, Richard Nahuis, Ashok Parikh
Year 2007
Journal Name JOURNAL OF POPULATION ECONOMICS
Citations (WoS) 12
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53 Journal Article

Skilled German Migrants and Their Motives for Migration Within Europe

Authors Roland Verwiebe, Steffen Mau, Nana Seidel, ...
Year 2010
Journal Name JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION AND INTEGRATION
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54 Journal Article

The determinants of international migration: A theoretical and empirical assessment of policy, origin and destination effects

Year 2010
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Abstract
The main question of this research project is: how do migration policies of receiving and sending states affect the size, direction and nature of international migration to wealthy countries? The effectiveness of migration policies has been widely contested in the face of their apparent failure to steer immigration and their many unintended, perverse effects. Due to fundamental conceptual and methodological flaws, most empirical evidence has remained largely descriptive and biased by omitting crucial sending country and policy variables. This project answers this question by embedding the systematic empirical analysis of policy effects into a comprehensive theoretical framework of the macro and meso-level forces driving international migration to and from wealthy countries. This is achieved by linking separately evolved migration theories focusing on either sending or receiving countries and integrating them with theories on the internal dynamics of migration processes. A systematic review and categorisation of receiving and sending country migration policies will provide an improved operationalisation of policy variables. Subsequently, this framework will be subjected to quantitative empirical tests drawing on gross and bilateral (country-to-country) migration flow data, with a particular focus on Europe. Methodologically, this project is groundbreaking by introducing a longitudinal, double comparative approach by studying migration flows of multiple origin groups to multiple destination countries. This design enables a unique, simultaneous analysis of origin and destination country, network and policy effects. Theoretically, this research project is innovative by going beyond simple push-pull and equilibrium models and linking sending and receiving side, and economic and non-economic migration theory. This project is policy-relevant by improving insight in the way policies shape migration processes in their interaction with other migration determinants
55 Project

DEMIG: The determinants of international migration: A theoretical and empirical assessment of policy, origin and destination effects

Year 2010
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Abstract
The main question of this research project is: how do migration policies of receiving and sending states affect the size, direction and nature of international migration to wealthy countries? The effectiveness of migration policies has been widely contested in the face of their apparent failure to steer immigration and their many unintended, perverse effects. Due to fundamental conceptual and methodological flaws, most empirical evidence has remained largely descriptive and biased by omitting crucial sending country and policy variables. This project answers this question by embedding the systematic empirical analysis of policy effects into a comprehensive theoretical framework of the macro and meso-level forces driving international migration to and from wealthy countries. This is achieved by linking separately evolved migration theories focusing on either sending or receiving countries and integrating them with theories on the internal dynamics of migration processes. A systematic review and categorisation of receiving and sending country migration policies will provide an improved operationalisation of policy variables. Subsequently, this framework will be subjected to quantitative empirical tests drawing on gross and bilateral (country-to-country) migration flow data, with a particular focus on Europe. Methodologically, this project is groundbreaking by introducing a longitudinal, double comparative approach by studying migration flows of multiple origin groups to multiple destination countries. This design enables a unique, simultaneous analysis of origin and destination country, network and policy effects. Theoretically, this research project is innovative by going beyond simple push-pull and equilibrium models and linking sending and receiving side, and economic and non-economic migration theory. This project is policy-relevant by improving insight in the way policies shape migration processes in their interaction with other migration determinants
56 Project

Migrant labor in hospitality: The Cyprus experience

Authors Anastasios Zopiatis, AL Theocharous, Panayiotis Constanti
Year 2014
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HOSPITALITY MANAGEMENT
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57 Journal Article

Tourism and immigration - Comparing alternative approaches

Authors L Oigenblick, A Kirschenbaum
Year 2002
Journal Name ANNALS OF TOURISM RESEARCH
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58 Journal Article

Now there is no land: a story of ethnic migration in a protected area landscape in western Uganda

Authors Joel Hartter, Sadie J. Ryan, Colin A. Chapman, ...
Year 2015
Journal Name POPULATION AND ENVIRONMENT
Citations (WoS) 18
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59 Journal Article

Transnational nurse migration: Future directions for medical anthropological research

Authors Megan Prescott, Mark Nichter
Year 2014
Journal Name SOCIAL SCIENCE & MEDICINE
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60 Journal Article

ALGERIA, FROM OPERATIVE IMMIGRATION TO THE MOBILITY OF COMPETENCES IN THE LIGHT OF GLOBALIZATION? LOGIC AND DRIVING FACTORS OF TRANSNATIONAL MOBILITIES

Authors Zahir Hadibi
Year 2019
Journal Name AREAS-REVISTA INTERNACIONAL DE CIENCIAS SOCIALES
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61 Journal Article

Welfare reform and interstate migration of poor families

Authors Gordon F. De Jong, Deborah Roempke Graefe, Tanja St. Pierre
Year 2005
Journal Name DEMOGRAPHY
Citations (WoS) 14
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62 Journal Article

The Perception of Myanmar Development on its Return Migrants: Implications for Burmese Migrants in Thailand

Authors Mya Mya Thet, Piriya Pholphirul
Year 2016
Journal Name JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION AND INTEGRATION
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63 Journal Article

Ukrainian Migration to Poland: A “Local” Mobility?

Authors Marta Kindler, Zuzanna Brunarska, Monika Szulecka, ...
Book Title Ukrainian Migration to the European Union
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64 Book Chapter

Canadian immigration, mexican emigration, and a North American regional interpretation

Authors Imtiaz Hussain
Year 2005
Journal Name JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION AND INTEGRATION
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65 Journal Article

The Temporary Nature of Ukrainian Migration: Definitions, Determinants and Consequences

Authors Marta Kindler, Agata Górny
Book Title Ukrainian Migration to the European Union
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66 Book Chapter

Educational Selectivity of Out-migration in Canada: 1976-1981 to 1996-2001

Authors Bali Ram, Y. E. Shin
Year 2007
Journal Name Canadian Studies in Population
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67 Journal Article

Moving Out but Not Up: Economic Outcomes in the Great Migration

Authors Suzanne C. Eichenlaub, SE Tolnay, J. Trent Alexander
Year 2010
Journal Name AMERICAN SOCIOLOGICAL REVIEW
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68 Journal Article

Causality Chains in the International Migration Systems Approach

Authors Roel Jennissen
Year 2007
Journal Name POPULATION RESEARCH AND POLICY REVIEW
Citations (WoS) 29
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69 Journal Article

Moving Out but Not Up: Economic Outcomes in the Great Migration

Authors Suzanne C. Eichenlaub, SE Tolnay, J. Trent Alexander
Year 2010
Journal Name AMERICAN SOCIOLOGICAL REVIEW
Citations (WoS) 33
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70 Journal Article

Cyclone Aila, livelihood stress, and migration: empirical evidence from coastal Bangladesh

Authors Sebak Kumar Saha
Year 2017
Journal Name DISASTERS
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71 Journal Article

The Perception of Myanmar Development on its Return Migrants: Implications for Burmese Migrants in Thailand

Authors Mya Mya Thet, Piriya Pholphirul
Year 2016
Journal Name JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION AND INTEGRATION
Citations (WoS) 2
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72 Journal Article

Emigration Rates From Sample Surveys: An Application to Senegal

Authors F Willekens, Sabine Zinn, Matthias Leuchter
Year 2017
Journal Name DEMOGRAPHY
Citations (WoS) 2
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73 Journal Article

Introduction

Authors Zana Vathi
Book Title Migrating and Settling in a Mobile World
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74 Book Chapter

Context-Based Qualitative Research and Multi-sited Migration Studies in Europe

Authors Russell King
Book Title Qualitative Research in European Migration Studies
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75 Book Chapter

Forced displacement and refugee-host community solidarity (FOCUS)

Year 2019
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Abstract
This project starts from the basic assumptions that forced migration to the European Union will continue in the future due to a number of different push and pull factors, that influx of refugees will influence the social, political and economic landscape of receiving societies, and that there are a variety of costs and benefits of integrating refugees in the host societies that are reflected in relational dynamics between the host and refugee communities. Bearing these considerations in mind, the goal of FOCUS is to increase the understanding of and to provide effective and evidence-based solutions for the challenges of forced migration within host communities. By doing so, it also aims at contributing to increased tolerance, peaceful coexistence, and reduced radicalization across Europe and the Middle East. Based on a comprehensive mapping and trans-disciplinary, multi-site field research conducted in Jordan, Croatia, Germany and Sweden, FOCUS explores the socio-psychological dimensions of refugee and host-community relations and analyses the socio-economic integration of refugees and the consequences of this in host societies. This knowledge is then used to transform and strengthen existing promising solutions for social and labour market integration. The integration solutions will be pilot tested in at least five European countries by governmental and non-governmental end-users. The solutions are finally brought together in the Refugee and Host Community Toolbox, which will support policy makers, municipal actors, civil society organisations and other stakeholders in responding to the needs of both refugees and host communities and thereby act as agents of change in this field.
76 Project

Strategic litigation: the role of EU and international law in criminalising humanitarianism

Authors Carmine Conte, Seán Binder, Migration Policy Group (MPG)
Year 2019
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77 Policy Brief

Determinants and dynamics of migration to OECD countries in a three-dimensional panel framework

Authors Ilse Ruyssen, Glenn Rayp, Ilse Ruyssen, ...
Year 2014
Journal Name EMPIRICAL ECONOMICS
Citations (WoS) 10
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78 Journal Article

MIGRATION AND INTERNATIONAL-RELATIONS - COOPERATION AND CONTROL IN THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITY

Authors JF Hollifield
Year 1992
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION REVIEW
Citations (WoS) 33
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79 Journal Article

Emigration Rates From Sample Surveys: An Application to Senegal

Authors F Willekens, Sabine Zinn, Matthias Leuchter
Year 2017
Journal Name DEMOGRAPHY
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80 Journal Article

Research-Policy Dialogues in Austria

Authors Maren Borkert
Book Title Integrating Immigrants in Europe
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81 Book Chapter

Speaking Truth to Power? Why Civil Society, Beyond Academia, Remains Marginal in EU Migration Policy

Authors Ann Singleton
Book Title Integrating Immigrants in Europe
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82 Book Chapter

The impact of legislative deterrence measure on the number of asylum applications in Switzerland (1986-1995)

Authors T Holzer, G Schneider, T Widmer
Year 2000
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION REVIEW
Citations (WoS) 25
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83 Journal Article

Crackdown on NGOs assisting refugees and other migrants

Authors Lina Lina Vosyliūtė, Carmine Conte, Migration Policy Group (MPG), ...
Year 2018
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84 Policy Brief

Intersecting Policies of Innovation and Entrepreneurship Migration in the EU and the Netherlands

Authors Tesseltje de Lange
Year 2018
Book Title EU External Migration Policies in an Era of Global Mobilities: Intersecting Policy Universes
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85 Book Chapter

Migration Statistics in Europe: A Core Component of Governance and Population Research

Authors David Reichel, Albert Kraler, Han Entzinger
Book Title Integrating Immigrants in Europe
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86 Book Chapter

A Decision Framework for Environmentally Induced Migration

Authors Fabrice G. Renaud, Olivia Dun, Koko Warner, ...
Year 2011
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
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87 Journal Article

The Diversification of Intra-European Movement

Authors Deniz Sert
Book Title Between Mobility and Migration
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88 Book Chapter

Poland’s Perspective on the Intra-European Movement of Poles. Implications and Governance Responses

Authors Marta Kindler
Book Title Between Mobility and Migration
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89 Book Chapter

Determinants of cultural assimilation in the second generation. A longitudinal analysis of values about marriage and sexuality among Moroccan and Turkish migrants

Authors M Kalmijn, Gerbert Kraaykamp
Year 2018
Journal Name JOURNAL OF ETHNIC AND MIGRATION STUDIES
Citations (WoS) 7
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90 Journal Article

Nationalism, Decentralization and the Politics of Migration

Authors Fiona Barker
Book Title Nationalism, Identity and the Governance of Diversity
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91 Book Chapter

National Immigration and Integration Policies in Europe Since 1973

Authors María Bruquetas-Callejo, Jeroen Doomernik
Book Title Integration Processes and Policies in Europe
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92 Book Chapter

Accounting for peoples' preferences in establishing new cities: A spatial model of population migration in Kuwait

Authors Nayef Alghais, David Pullar, Elin Charles-Edwards
Year 2018
Journal Name PLOS ONE
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94 Journal Article

Characteristics of migrants returning to Poland and their professional activity on the domestic labor market

Authors Marta Anacka, Agnieszka Fihel
Year 2013
Journal Name Studia Migracyjne - Przegląd Polonijny
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95 Journal Article

MOHPROF: Mobility of Health Professionals

Year 2008
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Abstract
In the medium-scale collaborative project with partners inside and outside the EU, scientific institutes with the capacities to conduct sound investigations will cooperate with worldwide active international health service organisations which have information and global links for research on international mobility. General objective is to research on current trends of mobility of health professionals to, from and within the EU. Research will also be conducted in Non-European sending and receiving countries, but the focus lies on the EU: comparative studies in a selected range of representative states will determine the impact of different types of migration on national health systems. An innovative approach will generate more comparable, specified and qualified data gathered by mainly qualitative research and aims for quantities of migration flows as well as detailed qualities like professions, motives, circumstances and the social context, i.e. push and pull factors. Crucial for the approach are key stakeholders which represent the relevant categories in national health systems to collect existing data and statistics, but first of all to generate new, qualitative data. In-depth interviews based on thematic guidelines with representatives of key stakeholders enable a triangulation of data, i.e. the expertise on health professionals´ mobility and its impact on structures and processes of health systems will qualify the quantitative findings and explore what mobility means for the health system and the persons and organisations involved. The project’s policy dimension comprises recommendations on human resource policies in European and third countries for policy and decision makers on the basis of sound empirical research with conceptual frameworks for monitoring systems concerning the mobility of health workers as a key part. Consultation meetings and roundtables with policymakers will be essential in the project.
96 Project

New Asylum Recast May Undermine the EU's Greatest Impact on Refugee Integration

Authors Thomas Huddleston, Judit Tanczos, Alexander Wolffhardt, ...
Year 2017
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Abstract
The EU has had its greatest effects on the integration of beneficiaries of international protection (BIPs) through the stable legal framework of the Common European Asylum System (CEAS). The 2013 Reception Conditions and 2011 Qualification Directives build on the standards set by the 1951 Geneva Convention and aim for its full and effective implementation. As presented in the MPG paper “Lost in transition? The European standards behind refugee integration”, they guarantee a series of standards that shape the integration process, starting from the reception phase until full legal, socio-economic and socio-cultural integration allows refugees to realise their full potential to contribute to society. On 13 July 2016, a set of proposals was presented to reform these standards, including to replace the Qualification Directive with a Regulation and to amend the Reception Conditions Directive.1 The social consequences of these proposals are serious. Since BIPs today are fleeing many protracted conflicts that take on average 25 years to resolve2 , our societies will have to live with the consequences of these proposals for years—if not generations—to come. These proposals largely represent a missed opportunity and a potentially major risk for integration. The minor improvements on reception and qualification standards would only marginally improve the situation on the ground in most Member States. Moreover, several of the recast’s proposals would actually delay and undermine the integration process for asylum-seekers and BIPs by reducing support for potentially large numbers and removing some possibilities for more favourable conditions for integration. Unlike the 1 st and 2nd generation of the CEAS, which consolidated the most common national practices in EU law, several of these proposals are modelled on hasty and politicised recent restrictions in only a few Member States. These restrictions have not yet been demonstrated to be justified, proportionate or effective for improving integration outcomes. Overall, national governments and civil society agreed that better implementation of the current Reception and Qualification Directives would have greater effects on integration, without jeopardising the effectiveness of other proposed reforms to the CEAS. Particularly as the Commission’s 2016 asylum proposals were drafted more hastily than previous EU asylum and immigration proposals, these two proposals would need to be revised or seriously amended by Council and Parliament in order to make integration the top priority of this recast and avoid a de facto race-to-the-bottom where Member States are further demanding integration but not effectively supporting BIPs, Member States and the local, social and civil society actors that make integration a reality.
97 Report

Theorizing the Ukrainian Case: Pushing the Boundaries of Migration Studies Through a Europe–US Comparison

Authors Cinzia D. Solari
Book Title Ukrainian Migration to the European Union
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98 Book Chapter

Migration of Ukrainian Nationals to Italy: Women on the Move

Authors Francesca Alice Vianello
Book Title Ukrainian Migration to the European Union
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99 Book Chapter

Mobility of Health Professionals

Year 2008
Taxonomy View Taxonomy Associations
Abstract
In the medium-scale collaborative project with partners inside and outside the EU, scientific institutes with the capacities to conduct sound investigations will cooperate with worldwide active international health service organisations which have information and global links for research on international mobility. General objective is to research on current trends of mobility of health professionals to, from and within the EU. Research will also be conducted in Non-European sending and receiving countries, but the focus lies on the EU: comparative studies in a selected range of representative states will determine the impact of different types of migration on national health systems. An innovative approach will generate more comparable, specified and qualified data gathered by mainly qualitative research and aims for quantities of migration flows as well as detailed qualities like professions, motives, circumstances and the social context, i.e. push and pull factors. Crucial for the approach are key stakeholders which represent the relevant categories in national health systems to collect existing data and statistics, but first of all to generate new, qualitative data. In-depth interviews based on thematic guidelines with representatives of key stakeholders enable a triangulation of data, i.e. the expertise on health professionals´ mobility and its impact on structures and processes of health systems will qualify the quantitative findings and explore what mobility means for the health system and the persons and organisations involved. The project’s policy dimension comprises recommendations on human resource policies in European and third countries for policy and decision makers on the basis of sound empirical research with conceptual frameworks for monitoring systems concerning the mobility of health workers as a key part. Consultation meetings and roundtables with policymakers will be essential in the project.
100 Project
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