Antidiscrimination, 'race relations'

This category is concerned with anti-discrimination laws that relate to migration (migrants and immigrant, all categories). Results displayed in this section refer to research on policies, laws, legislation, regulation or measures concerning anti-discrimination. Discrimination refers to unfair or unequal treatment of individuals or groups based on specific characteristics. Key grounds of discrimination include: age, gender, disability, ethnicity, national origin, race, religion and sexual orientation, among others. Anti-discrimination policies or laws usually seek to prevent discrimination. Some legislation in that area is also known as ‘race relations’ laws. 

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THE MEANING OF ETHNIC EQUALITY IN SCANDINAVIAN ANTI-DISCRIMINATION LEGISLATION

Authors Liza Reisel
Year 2015
Journal Name NORDIC JOURNAL OF MIGRATION RESEARCH
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1 Journal Article

Enforcing Anti-Discrimination Law in Britain: Here There Be Monsters!

Authors Martin MacEwen
Book Title Challenging Racism in Britain and Germany
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2 Book Chapter

The Effect of Anti-Discrimination Policies on Middle Eastern and North African Immigrants in 24 European Countries

Authors Elyakim Kislev
Year 2018
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
Citations (WoS) 2
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3 Journal Article

Challenging Racism in Britain and Germany

Authors Czarina Wilpert, Zig Layton-Henry
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4 Book

The Impact of Legislation on British Race Relations

Authors Muhammad Anwar
Book Title From Legislation to Integration?
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5 Book Chapter

Racism, Discrimination, Citizenship and the Need for Anti-Discrimination Legislation in Germany

Authors Czarina Wilpert
Book Title Challenging Racism in Britain and Germany
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6 Book Chapter

Race Relations in New Britain

Authors Yasmin Alibhai-Brown
Book Title From Legislation to Integration?
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7 Book Chapter

Refugee Care in Sweden: the Problems of Unemployment and anti-Discrimination Policies

Authors Maritta Soininen
Book Title Migrants, Ethnic Minorities and the Labour Market
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8 Book Chapter

(Non) functioning of anti-discrimination law in relation to foreigners in practice

Authors Monika Szulecka
Year 2013
Book Title Different but equal - research on equal treatment of foreigners in Poland
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9 Book Chapter

Employers and anti-Discrimination Measures in Europe: Good Practice and Bad Faith

Authors John Wrench
Book Title Migrants, Ethnic Minorities and the Labour Market
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10 Book Chapter

Minority rights and anti-discrimination policy in Mauritius - the case of "Malaise Creole'

Authors Naseem Lallmahomed-Aumeerally
Year 2017
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CULTURAL POLICY
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11 Journal Article

Conflict, Consensus, and Coalition: Economic and Workforce Development Strategies for African Americans and Latinos

Authors Manuel Pastor, Vanessa Carter
Year 2009
Journal Name RACE AND SOCIAL PROBLEMS
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12 Journal Article

The starting line and the promotion of EU anti-discrimination legislation: The role of policy oriented research

Authors Jan Niessen
Year 2000
Journal Name JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION AND INTEGRATION
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13 Journal Article

The Development of Legal Instruments to Combat Racism in a Diverse Europe

Authors Isabelle Chopin, Jan Niessen
Year 2018
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14 Book

Incorporating cities into the EU anti-discrimination policy: between race discrimination and migrant rights

Authors Michele Grigolo
Year 2011
Journal Name ETHNIC AND RACIAL STUDIES
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15 Journal Article

Anti‐Discrimination law on the grounds of race in the United States: Enforcement and research concerns

Authors John Goering
Year 1994
Journal Name JOURNAL OF ETHNIC AND MIGRATION STUDIES
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16 Journal Article

Bordering practices in the UK welfare system

Authors Simon Guentner, Sue Lukes, Richard Stanton, ...
Year 2016
Journal Name CRITICAL SOCIAL POLICY
Citations (WoS) 10
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17 Journal Article

THE RACE EQUALITY DIRECTIVE 'Differentiated' or 'differential' Europeanisation

Authors Charles Alexander Woolfson
Year 2010
Journal Name EUROPEAN SOCIETIES
Citations (WoS) 3
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19 Journal Article

New Zealand's race relations ACT

Authors George Koea
Year 1971
Journal Name PATTERNS OF PREJUDICE
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20 Journal Article

Anti‐racist policies in British schools criticized

Authors Maria Balinska
Year 1988
Journal Name PATTERNS OF PREJUDICE
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22 Journal Article

UK COMMENTARY - RACE-RELATIONS-ACT-1976

Authors
Year 1977
Journal Name RACE & CLASS
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23 Journal Article

The New Zealand race relations act

Authors Richard Thompson
Year 1972
Journal Name JOURNAL OF ETHNIC AND MIGRATION STUDIES
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24 Journal Article

Introduction: realignments of citizenship: reassessing rights in the age of plural memberships and multi-level governance

Authors Rainer Baubock, Guiraudon
Year 2009
Journal Name CITIZENSHIP STUDIES
Citations (WoS) 32
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25 Journal Article

The use of racial anti-discrimination laws: gender and citizenship in a multicultural context

Year 2008
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Abstract
The aim of the research is to evaluate the effectiveness of Racial Discrimination Laws from the point of view of the target group and in a gender perspective. The main hypothesis is that differences can exist between the uses made of the law by men and women. This is because they develop different representations of the legal system and experience different forms of discrimination. The second hypothesis is that intersectional experience of discrimination based on race and gender is not recognized and treated properly in legal and institutional frameworks built around single types of discrimination because discriminations are seen as one-dimensional and as affecting all people -men and women- in the same way. The evaluation will be carried out through a study of case law and filed complaints, around 200 semi-directive qualitative interviews of foreign nationals and members of ethnic minorities and 70 interviews of stakeholders ans social partners, including lawyers dealing with complaints. The goal of the project is to improve our undertanding of the phenomenon of double discrimination (race and gender) and to develop practical tools to allow administrations, NGOs and specialised bodies to better assess the effectiveness of policies and practices in the field of antidiscrimination when faced with cases of double discrimination.
26 Project

Equal Treatment Regulations and Ethnic Minority Social Trust

Authors Conrad Ziller
Year 2017
Journal Name EUROPEAN SOCIOLOGICAL REVIEW
Citations (WoS) 3
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27 Journal Article

The Politics of the Race Relations Act 1976

Authors Anthony Lester
Book Title From Legislation to Integration?
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28 Book Chapter

Enforcement of the anti-Racism legislation of the European Union against antigypsyism

Authors Pinar Sayan
Year 2019
Journal Name ETHNIC AND RACIAL STUDIES
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29 Journal Article

The implications of the 1976 Race Relations Act for housing

Authors J. J. Gribbin
Year 1977
Journal Name JOURNAL OF ETHNIC AND MIGRATION STUDIES
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30 Journal Article

After three years: New Zealand's race relations act in operation

Authors Richard Thompson
Year 1975
Journal Name JOURNAL OF ETHNIC AND MIGRATION STUDIES
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31 Journal Article

The Ghost in the Machine: An Overview and Analysis of British Multiculturalism

Authors Karolina Czerska-Shaw
Year 2017
Journal Name Studia Migracyjne - Przegląd Polonijny
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32 Journal Article

The liberal hour and race relations law

Authors Mark Bonham Carter
Year 1987
Journal Name JOURNAL OF ETHNIC AND MIGRATION STUDIES
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33 Journal Article

TRADE UNIONS, DISCRIMINATION AND LEGAL MOBILIZATION : MAKING RIGHTS EFFECTIVE

Year 2014
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Abstract
This research project consists in analysing the under-researched but strategic role of trade unions in the getting and enforcement of statutory rights in relation to sex, race and other forms of discrimination. By reflecting on the conditions under which trade unions are likely to mobilize legally on behalf of their members and act as “bridging institutions” between the legal system and the organizational field, this project addresses issues key to contemporary policy and academic debates exploring the effectiveness of different mechanisms of rights enforcement and the potential of reflexive regulation, but also some of its limitations. Drawing on a multidisciplinary approach that bridges legal mobilization literature, industrial relations and feminist studies, this project will contribute to the academic debate on the role of “legal intermediaries” in the promotion of rights, emphasizing the under-researched role of trade unions, the variety of their legal mobilization strategies across countries and over time, but also the “contested” nature of their legal engagement with anti-discrimination law. More specifically, this research project will consider how “gender neutral” norms and practices impact upon men and women differentially, while emphasizing the usefulness of legal mobilization to bringing about transformative social and political change. This cross-fertilization between feminist perspectives and mainstream disciplines is certainly one of the main originality of this project. It also innovates by undertaking a cross-national and cross-organizational comparative work on the uses of legal mobilization looking into unions’ legal strategies in France and in the UK, in a historical perspective (1970-2015). The combination of various qualitative methodological approaches will contribute to the strengthening of the “discursive” study of legal mobilizations and bring new insights on the conditions under which legal rights are interpreted, contested and mobilized.
34 Project

Book Review: Tackling Institutional Racism: Anti-racist Policies and Social Work Education and Training

Authors Gurnam Singh
Year 2001
Journal Name CRITICAL SOCIAL POLICY
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35 Journal Article

'Left to Fend for Themselves': Immigration, Race Relations and the State in Twentieth Century Northern Ireland

Authors Jack Crangle
Year 2018
Journal Name IMMIGRANTS AND MINORITIES
Citations (WoS) 1
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36 Journal Article

Themes and issues in police/race relations policy

Authors Simon Holdaway
Year 1987
Journal Name JOURNAL OF ETHNIC AND MIGRATION STUDIES
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37 Journal Article

Police race relations in England: A history of policy

Authors S Holdaway
Year 1998
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF INTERCULTURAL RELATIONS
Citations (WoS) 6
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38 Journal Article

From Legislation to Integration?

Authors Patrick Roach, Muhammad Anwar, Ranjit Sondhi
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39 Book

Anti-Muslim racism and the European security state

Authors Liz Fekete
Year 2004
Journal Name RACE & CLASS
Citations (WoS) 154
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40 Journal Article

Norm Building Processes and Forms of Policy Governance

Year 2007
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Abstract
This project addresses the question of the interplay between norm building processes and form of policy governance. How do different governance legacies affect the way the antidiscrimination legislation or its requirements/arguments are used in/to motivate policies/policy measures, and which is the relative role of different societal actors/actor constellations - social partners, private sector actors and state agencies, - in promoting the mainstreaming of this legislation?
41 Project

State Strategies in Multi-Ethnic Territories: Explaining Variation in the Former Soviet Union and Eastern Bloc

Authors Sarah Zukerman Daly
Year 2014
Journal Name BRITISH JOURNAL OF POLITICAL SCIENCE
Citations (WoS) 2
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42 Journal Article

IRCAS ANTIDISCRIMINATION PROVISIONS - WHAT WENT WRONG

Authors R Perotti
Year 1992
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION REVIEW
Citations (WoS) 4
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43 Journal Article

Partnerships, Anti-Discrimination and the Role of Immigrant Associations

Year 2009
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Abstract
The project focuses on the role of immigrant associations in combating discrimination. The project sets out from previous research indicating a need for a broader understanding of immigrant associations for the development of alternative strategies in education and the labor market, in order to advance the understanding of the conditions for partnerships between civil society, public and private sectors. The project examines partnership between public, private and voluntary actors through a qualitative study of Anti-Discrimination Agencies, (ADA) in Stockholm, run by immigrant associations. The efforts of the ADA to assist individuals who feel discriminated on the basis of gender, ethnic background etc., indicates the growing importance of ADA as actors in the field of social strategies for social inclusion. One of the preliminary findings indicates that activism among ADA as civil society organisations is based on delicate balancing between volunteer activism and adjustment to increasingly emphasized market exigency.
44 Project

'Speaking' racism and anti-racism: perspectives of local anti-racism actors

Authors Jacqueline K. Nelson
Year 2015
Journal Name ETHNIC AND RACIAL STUDIES
Citations (WoS) 9
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45 Journal Article

The Theory and Practice of Immigration and ‘Race-Relations’ Policy: Some Thoughts on British and French Experience

Authors John Crowley
Book Title Immigration and Integration in Post-Industrial Societies
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46 Book Chapter

Andalusia at the crossroads of Europeanness: immigration as a performance of coloniality

Authors Angeles Castano, Fernando I. Sanchez Martinez, Ivan Perianez
Year 2017
Journal Name PATTERNS OF PREJUDICE
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47 Journal Article

Cities Grow

Year 2017
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Abstract
Cities Grow provides practical and relevant advice to cities and municipal leaders in Europe on how to address migrant integration challenges and develop effective integration and anti-discrimination strategies.
48 Project

Occupation-education mismatch of immigrant workers in Europe: Context and policies

Authors Mariya Aleksynska, Ahmed Tritah
Year 2013
Journal Name ECONOMICS OF EDUCATION REVIEW
Citations (WoS) 30
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49 Journal Article

‘Inside Out’: The Politics of Enumerating the Nation by Ethnicity

Authors Victor Thompson, Tahu Kukutai
Book Title Social Statistics and Ethnic Diversity
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50 Book Chapter

THE INTERSECTIONAL FIFTH BLACK WOMAN

Authors Devon W. Carbado, Mitu Gulati
Year 2013
Journal Name DU BOIS REVIEW-SOCIAL SCIENCE RESEARCH ON RACE
Citations (WoS) 4
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51 Journal Article

Research-Policy Dialogues in the United Kingdom

Authors Christina Boswell, Alistair Hunter
Book Title Integrating Immigrants in Europe
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52 Book Chapter

Tales of two cities: legislating pregnancy and marriage among foreign domestic workers in Singapore and Hong Kong

Authors Nicole Constable
Year 2019
Journal Name Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies
Citations (WoS) 1
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53 Journal Article

Nissa Finney and Ludi Simpson,‘Sleepwalking to Segregation’? Challenging Myths About Race and Migration

Authors Ruth R. Wolfe
Year 2011
Journal Name JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION AND INTEGRATION
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54 Journal Article

The Ethnic Question: Census Politics in Great Britain

Authors Debra Thompson
Book Title Social Statistics and Ethnic Diversity
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55 Book Chapter

Evaluation of the Immigrant Citizens Survey

Year 2012
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Abstract
The project, coordinated by the King Baudouin Foundation, and the research, coordinated by the Migration Policy Group, involves ICMPD as evaluators of a recent survey of immigrants in seven European countries: Belgium, Denmark, France, Italy, Hungary, Portugal and Spain. The "Immigrant Citizens Survey" asks legally resident third country nationals to assess their own needs and evaluate how these needs have and could be met by public interventions. The survey addresses several areas of integration: the labour market and recognition of qualifications, family life, security of residence, access to general services, education, civic participation, access to nationality, and anti-discrimination and profiling.
56 Project

Perceived islamophobia: Scale development and validation

Authors Jonas R. Kunst, DL Sam, Pal Ulleberg
Year 2013
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF INTERCULTURAL RELATIONS
Citations (WoS) 20
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57 Journal Article

Legal Frameworks for the Integration of Third-Country Nationals

Authors Thomas Huddleston, Jan Niessen
Year 2018
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58 Book

Introduction: how does race 'count' in fighting discrimination in Europe?

Authors Michele Grigolo, Costanza Hermanin, Mathias Moeschel
Year 2011
Journal Name ETHNIC AND RACIAL STUDIES
Citations (WoS) 9
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59 Journal Article

Employment Rights for Migrant Workers in Ireland: Towards A Human Rights Framework

Authors Deirdre Toomey
Year 2015
Journal Name JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION AND INTEGRATION
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60 Journal Article

Denmark between liberalism and nationalism

Authors Per Mouritsen, Tore Vincents Olsen
Year 2013
Journal Name ETHNIC AND RACIAL STUDIES
Citations (WoS) 23
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61 Journal Article

Best Practice Options: Romania

Authors Philip Martin, Thomas Straubhaar
Year 2002
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
Citations (WoS) 3
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62 Journal Article

WITH FRIENDS LIKE THESE, WHO NEEDS ENEMIES? Structural Discrimination and Good Intentions in Danish Everyday Contexts

Authors Mira C. Skadegard
Year 2017
Journal Name NORDIC JOURNAL OF MIGRATION RESEARCH
Citations (WoS) 2
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63 Journal Article

Fighting Words: What's Wrong with Freedom of Expression?

Authors Sindre Bangstad
Year 2014
Journal Name JOURNAL OF ETHNIC AND MIGRATION STUDIES
Citations (WoS) 4
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64 Journal Article

Pathways between perceived discrimination and health among immigrants: evidence from a large national panel survey in Germany

Authors Reinhard Schunck, Oliver Razum, Katharina Reiss
Year 2015
Journal Name ETHNICITY & HEALTH
Citations (WoS) 21
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65 Journal Article

Reconsidering the declining significance of race: Racial differences in early career wages

Authors AS Cancio, David Maume, TD Evans
Year 1996
Journal Name AMERICAN SOCIOLOGICAL REVIEW
Citations (WoS) 103
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66 Journal Article

Attitudes towards immigrants, other integration barriers, and their veracity INTRODUCTION

Authors Amelie Constant, KF Zimmermann, Martin Kahanec
Year 2009
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MANPOWER
Citations (WoS) 26
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67 Journal Article

Promoting Comparative Quantitative Research in the Field of Migration and Integration in Europe

Year 2007
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Abstract
With the Amsterdam Treaty and the increasing competence of the European Union in the field of migration, integration, anti-discrimination and asylum, the need for comparative data in this area has been increasingly recognised. The project compiles meta-information on statistical datasets on migration, integration and discrimination in 29 European countries (EU27 plus Norway and Switzerland). It builds on the earlier COMPSTAT project carried out under the 5th Framework Programme between 2001-2002, the FP6 project "Towards harmonised European Statistics on International Migration" (THESIM), completed in 2005 as well as ongoing research within the IMISCOE network. Objectives • To improve the quality of publicly available information on migration, integration and discrimination responding thus to the needs of researchers, policy makers and practitioners for more reliable, more systematic and more harmonized statistical data • To enhance comparability of statistical data and understanding of indicators Outcomes • Launch of a comprehensive online database containing descriptions of datasets relevant to the study of migration. • Analyses of the national data collection system in 29 European countries. • Detailed analysis of the availability, comparability, and the usability of statistical data in 12 thematic areas: 1) general demographic data; 2) migration flows; 3) legal status of immigrants; 4) citizenship; 5) political participation; 6) employment; 7) income 8) housing; 9) irregular migration; 10) education; 11) family and 12) health as well as in two cross-cutting thematic fields - integration and discrimination
68 Project

A Moral Economy of Whiteness

Authors Steve Garner
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69 Book

MIPEX (Migrant Integration Policy Index)

Year 2014
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Abstract
The Migrant Integration Policy Index (MIPEX) is a unique tool which measures policies to integrate migrants. The MIPEX aims to address this by providing a comprehensive tool which can be used to assess, compare and improve integration policy. The index is a useful tool to evaluate and compare what governments are doing to promote the integration of migrants in all the countries analysed. The tool allows you to dig deep into the multiple factors that influence the integration of migrants into society and allows you to use the full MIPEX results to analyse and assess past and future changes in policy. The MIPEX includes 38 countries in order to provide a view of integration policies across a broad range of differing environments. Countries included are all EU Member States, Australia, Canada, Iceland, Japan, South Korea, New Zealand, Norway, Switzerland, Turkey and the USA. 167 policy indicators have been developed to create a rich, multi-dimensional picture of migrants’ opportunities to participate in society. MIPEX addresses 8 policy areas of integration: Labour Market Mobility, Family Reunion, Education, Political Participation, Long-term Residence, Access to Nationality, Anti-discrimination and Health. Thanks to the relevance and rigor of its indicators, the MIPEX has been recognised as a common quick reference guide across Europe. Policymakers, NGOs, researchers, and European and international institutions are using its data not only to understand and compare national integration policies, but also to improve standards for equal treatment.
70 Data Set

Human Rights of Migrants: Challenges of the New Decade

Authors Patrick A. Taran
Year 2001
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
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71 Journal Article

Index of Citizenship Rights for Immigrants (ICRI)

Year 2008
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Abstract
The Index addresses the factors shaping the granting of rights of individual equality and recognition of cultural differences by nation-states to immigrants. The index considers rights in the eight thematic fields of nationality acquisition, family reunification, expulsion, anti-discrimination, public-sector employment for non-nationals, political rights for non-nationals, cultural rights in education, as well as other cultural and religious rights. Theoretically, these rights for immigrants are classified according to two dimensions that partly cross-cut the eight thematic fields. The first dimension captures the inclusiveness of a country's understanding of citizenship. The second dimension shows how countries deal with cultural and religious diversity. The index is based on 44 policy indicators, 21 pertaining to the individual equality dimension and 23 to the cultural difference dimension. All indicators are coded on a scale running from -1 (most restrictive) to +1 (most inclusive), and the same, therefore, also holds for the averaged scores. The project is based on original data drawn from policy documents, legal texts, secondary literature, internet websites, and expert information. The qualitative information from these sources is transformed into ordinal codes, classifying policies as more or less restrictive in terms of the extent and accessibility of rights for immigrants. In the first phase of the project data have been gathered for ten North-Western European countries for four measurement years: 1980, 1990, 2002, and 2008. In a second phase, data was collected for four classical anglo-saxon settler countries as well as for additional Eastern and Southern European countries, Middle Eastern, East Asian, African and South American countries. As a result, data is now available for 29 countries for the year 2008.
72 Data Set

Stateways versus Folkways: The Role of Authority Approval in Intergroup Contact

Year 2015
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Abstract
"Around the world, educators, policy makers, profit- and non-profit-based organizations and governments implement intergroup contact interventions to overcome prejudice. These “people-to-people” encounters rarely happen in a vacuum. To the contrary, they often occur in the middle of heated public debates, and sometimes even during or in the aftermath of wars. Allport recognized the importance of the context of intergroup contact interventions as early as 1954 when he postulated authority approval as one of the conditions for optimal intergroup contact. Yet, more than 60 years later, we still do not know whether authority approval or disapproval causes positive or negative bias in intergroup interactions. Very little previous research has investigated if and how an authority’s position on intergroup relations troubles or improves one-on-one especially if the contact experience itself is negative. When discussing the need for anti-discrimination laws, Allport deviated from most of his contemporaries who believed in the primacy of individuals over laws as sources of prejudice and hate. He proposed that “stateways” (the position of governmental and non-governmental authorities) and “folkways” (individual levels of prejudice and stereotyping) interact (Allport, 1979). The current research puts this idea to a rigorous empirical test. We completed one survey experiment taking the form of a 2 (authority disapproval: salient versus not salient) X 2 (intergroup contact: positive versus negative) design. The experiment took place in a region where authority approval of the presence, safety and equality of low status groups is low (the US state of Arizona). For outcomes we measured discrimination and negative attitudes towards Latinos. We selected Arizona immigration laws as our authority disapproval case for two reasons: First, to stay close to Allport’s original writing we focus on restrictive laws as authorities. Second, based on the Immigration Climate Index (Pham & Pham, 2014) Arizona ranked last among all US states in terms of friendliness of climate with regards to immigrants’ daily lives. Our main hypothesis is that intergroup contact and salience of authority disapproval interact to predict discrimination. The highest level of discrimination should occur when a contact experience is negative and authority disapproval salient, the lowest level should occur when a contact experience is positive and authority disapproval not salient. We also plan to investigate the role of a few interesting moderators (authoritarianism, political orientation, support for current governor, local pride etc.). As a next step, we plan to analyze our results and then replicate the experiment in California, the state that ranked first in terms of friendliness of climate."
73 Project

Cities' Policies: the Work of European Cities to Counter Muslim Radicalisation

Authors Anja van Heelsum, Floris Vermeulen
Year 2018
Journal Name JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION AND INTEGRATION
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74 Journal Article

The Europeanisation of Integration Policies

Authors Kerstin Rosenow
Year 2009
Journal Name INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
Citations (WoS) 17
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75 Journal Article

Research-Policy Dialogues in the European Union

Authors Marthe Achtnich, Andrew Geddes
Book Title Integrating Immigrants in Europe
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76 Book Chapter

The Objective Approaches of Ethnic Origins in Belgium: Methodological Alternatives and Statistical Implications

Authors Luc Dal, Nicolas Perrin, Michel Poulain
Book Title Social Statistics and Ethnic Diversity
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77 Book Chapter

European Cities in Search of Knowledge for Their Integration Policies

Authors Rinus Penninx
Book Title Integrating Immigrants in Europe
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78 Book Chapter

When "Inclusion" Means "Exclusion": Discourses on the Eviction and Repatriations of Roma Migrants, at National and European Union Level

Authors Dragos Ciulinaru
Year 2018
Journal Name JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION AND INTEGRATION
Citations (WoS) 1
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79 Journal Article

Indicators of Citizenship Rights for Immigrants

Year 2007
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Abstract
"Theoretical background and objectives This project investigates the merits of different theoretical perspectives regarding the factors shaping the granting of rights of individual equality and recognition of cultural differences by nation-states to immigrants. The perspective of post-national citizenship (Jacobson 1997; Sassen 1998; Soysal 1994) emphasises the role of supranational authorities such as the European Union and the legal frameworks associated with them, which are said to increasingly constrain nation-states in implementing restrictive policies regarding immigrant and cultural minority rights. The perspective of democratic liberalism (Joppke 2007) also expects convergence between countries, at least among liberal-democratic ones, because of their self-commitment to fundamental principles of equality and protection of minorities. The courts in particular are viewed as upholding such principles, sometimes against restrictive ambitions of governments. A third perspective (Brubaker 1992; Koopmans et al. 2005) emphasises national path dependence and the resilience of national traditions of citizenship and national identity. This perspective therefore predicts no or limited convergence and does not lead us to expect a secular trend towards more inclusive rights. We analyse rights in the eight thematic fields of nationality acquisition, family reunification, expulsion, anti-discrimination, public-sector employment for non-nationals, political rights for non-nationals, cultural rights in education, as well as other cultural and religious rights. Theoretically, these rights for immigrants are classified according to two dimensions that partly cross-cut the eight thematic fields. The first dimension captures the inclusiveness of a country's understanding of citizenship by distinguishing countries where access to equal rights is difficult for immigrants from countries where immigrants can easily, and in the case of the second generation sometimes automatically, join the community of citizens. The second dimension shows how countries deal with cultural and religious diversity: the differences here range between those countries that are willing to recognise minority groups and adopt a pluralistic strategy by granting cultural and religious group rights, and those countries that are reluctant to recognise such groups, do not grant any specific rights but on the contrary require immigrants to assimilate to a dominant culture. Research design, data and methodology The project is based on original data drawn from policy documents, legal texts, secondary literature, internet websites, and expert information. The qualitative information from these sources is transformed into ordinal codes, classifying policies as more or less restrictive in terms of the extent and accessibility of rights for immigrants. Temporal trends in the means (as a measure of liberalisation) and cross-national standard deviations (as a measure of convergence) of policies are related by way of bivariate and multivariate regression analyses to explanatory variables such as EU membership, the strength and scope of judicial review, government incumbency of left-wing parties, and the electoral strength of right-wing populist parties. In the first phase of the project data have been gathered for ten North-Western European countries for four measurement years: 1980, 1990, 2002, and 2008. In a second phase, data was collected for four classical anglo-saxon settler countries as well as for additional Eastern and Southern European countries, Middle Eastern, East Asian, African and South American countries. As a result, data is now available for 29 countries for the year 2008. Findings First results for the ten European countries find little evidence for cross-national convergence and strong support for national path dependence. In most countries rights became more inclusive until 2002, but this trend was not universal (Denmark and France deviate) and stagnated or partly reversed in virtually all countries afterwards, in association with the rise of right-wing populist parties. EU membership, the scope of judicial review in a country, and left-wing government incumbency had no noticeable impact on trends and differences in citizenship rights. Our conclusion is that there is little support that supranational regulation or a common dynamic within liberal democracies produce convergence of citizenship rights for immigrants, which for the moment continue to be strongly divergent and shaped by national institutional and policy traditions. In a second step we study explanations for cross-national differences in granting citizenship rights to immigrants for 29 countries worldwide for the year 2008. We first test theories on immigrant rights across 29 countries from Europe, Africa, the Middle East, East Asia, Oceania, and the Americas, using our Indicators of Citizenship Rights for Immigrants (ICRI) data set. We focus on trajectories of nationhood and current institutional features to explain cross-national difference. We find that former colonial powers, former colonies that developed as settler countries, as well as democracies have been more likely to extend rights to immigrants. Strikingly, once we account for involvement in colonialism, we find no difference between supposedly “civic-nationalist” early nation-states and supposedly “ethnic-nationalist” latecomer nations, refuting a widely held belief in the literature on citizenship. We find no effect of a country’s degree of political globalization. We replicate these findings on a sample of 35 mainly European countries, using the migrant Integration Policy Index (MIPEX)."
80 Project

Differences in Subjective Well-being Between Older Migrants and Natives in Europe

Authors Gregor Sand, Stefan Gruber
Year 2018
Journal Name JOURNAL OF IMMIGRANT AND MINORITY HEALTH
Citations (WoS) 3
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81 Journal Article

Sending Country Policies

Authors Eva Østergaard-Nielsen
Book Title Integration Processes and Policies in Europe
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82 Book Chapter

The New European Migration Laboratory: East Europeans in West European Cities

Authors Adrian Favell
Book Title Between Mobility and Migration
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83 Book Chapter

Towards a ‘Holding Environment’ for Europe’s (Diverse) Social Citizenship Regimes

Authors Anton Hemerijck
Book Title Debating European Citizenship
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85 Book Chapter

The Making of Racial and Ethnic Categories: Official Statistics Reconsidered

Authors Victor Piché, Patrick Simon, Amélie A. Gagnon
Book Title Social Statistics and Ethnic Diversity
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86 Book Chapter

The nation-family: Intimate encounters and genealogical perversion in Armenia

Authors TAMAR SHIRINIAN
Year 2018
Journal Name American Ethnologist
Citations (WoS) 2
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87 Journal Article

Between National Models and Multi-Level Decoupling: The Pursuit of Multi-Level Governance in Dutch and UK Policies Towards Migrant Incorporation

Authors Peter Scholten
Year 2016
Journal Name JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION AND INTEGRATION
Citations (WoS) 14
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88 Journal Article

Cultures of Knowledge Use in Policymaking: The Functions of Research in German and UK Immigration Policy

Authors Christina Boswell
Book Title Integrating Immigrants in Europe
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89 Book Chapter
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